How to Plot Histogram in Excel (5 Easy Ways)

Occasionally, you might need to create a histogram for data visualization. Basically, a histogram is a column chart that displays how frequently a variable occurs within a given range. Moreover, it is a common tool for data analysis in the corporate world. In this article, I will show you five simple methods to plot histogram in Excel.


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You can download the workbook used for the demonstration from the download link below.


5 Easy Ways to Plot Histogram in Excel

Fortunately, there are numerous approaches to making a histogram in Excel. In this part, I will show you five simple methods to plot Histogram in Excel. However, it includes Statistic Chart, Data Analysis Toolpak, FREQUENCY function, COUNTIF function and Pivot Chart. For the purpose of demonstration, I have used the following sample dataset.

Sample Dataset for How to Plot Histogram in Excel


1. Using Statistic Chart to Plot Histogram in Excel

If you are using Excel 2016 or a later version, you can insert a statistical chart to build a histogram in Excel. Actually, Excel comes with this feature built in. Because the Histogram chart will take into account the entire data range and base its result on that. However, follow the steps below to complete the operation.

Steps:

  • Firstly, you have to select the data.
  • Secondly, you have to go to the Insert tab.
  • Thirdly, from the Charts group section, you have to select the Insert Statistic Chart and then select Histogram.

How to Plot Histogram in Excel Using Statistic Chart

  • After that, a Histogram will appear, and double-click on the rectangle. So, a new window named Format Data Series will appear beside the worksheet.
  • Increase the Gap Width according to your preference from the Series Option.

Format Data Series to Plot Histogram in Excel

  • Again, double-click on the bins values, and a new window named Format Axis will appear beside the worksheet.
  • Then, from the Axis Options, change the Bin width according to your choice.
  • Also, you may change the Overflow bin and Underflow bin.

  • Now, click on the Histogram. From the Chart Elements select the mentioned items.

  • Lastly, you will get your desired Histogram.

How to Plot Histogram in Excel

Read More: How to Make a Histogram in Excel Using Data Analysis


2. Applying Data Analysis Toolpak for Plotting Histogram

Data Analysis Toolpak is one of the best features of Excel when we need to do advanced statistical analysis. In this section, I will show you the quick and easy steps to make a Histogram in Excel using Data Analysis ToolPak.

Steps:

  • At first, press ALT + F + T or select File >> Options. Then go to the Add-ins tab and click on Go beside Manage: Excel Add-ins.

How to Plot Histogram in Excel by Applying Data Analysis Toolpak

  • Next, check the Analysis ToolPak checkbox and click OK. After that, you will be able to access the Data Analysis tool.

  • Lastly, you will see that there is a new ribbon named Data Analysis under the Data tab, and click on the Data Analysis command.

  • Now, select Histogram and then click on OK from the dialog box.

  • Here, select the data range for which you want to create a Histogram in the box named Input Range. Here, I have selected C5:C15 as the Input Range which contains the marks of English.
  • Then, select the Bin Range of the Histogram. In this part, I have selected cells C17:G17 as the Bin Range.
  • Then, you have to assign a cell as the Output Range where the output chart and frequency table will be created. Hence, I have selected the cells F5:G11.
  • After that, mark the checkbox called Chart Output.
  • Now, click on OK.

Data Analysis Toolpack to Plot Histogram in Excel

  • Finally, you will see the Histogram along with a Bin and Frequency table as follows. However, the Histogram can be changed to make it look better than the Chart Elements as mentioned in the previous method.

  • However, the final Histogram will be like the following picture.

Applying Data Analysis Toolpak to Plot Histogram

Read More: How to Make Histogram Using Analysis ToolPak (with Easy Steps)


3. Using FREQUENCY Function to Plot Histogram

In this part, you will find a way to create a Histogram using the FREQUENCY function. In essence, I’ll use the FREQUENCY function to get the frequencies, and then I’ll draw a simple bar graph to generate the Histogram. Hence, follow the steps below to be able to do that.

Steps:

  • Firstly, enter the following formula in cell F6. This will return the frequency of data according to the chosen bins.

 =FREQUENCY(C5:C15,E6:E11)

Using FREQUENCY Function to Plot Histogram in Excel

Formula Breakdown

  • In this formula, the FREQUENCY function will count how many times a value comes within a given interval.
  • Here, C5:C15 is the data array.
  • F6:F11 is the Bins array.
  • Furthermore, you will get the frequency for more than the value of F11 also.
  • Next, apply the AutoFill tool to apply the function for all the bins.

  • Then select the whole Frequency column and go to the Insert tab.
  • After that, choose 2-D Column Graph from the charts group of commands.

  • Now, select the chart.
  • Then, from the Chart Design tab, go to the Select Data feature.

  • A dialog box will generate. Hence, choose the Edit option.

  • Here, change the series name to English and press OK.

  • Similarly, you should click on the Edit option to change the Axis Labels.

Data Source Dialog Box

  • After that, select the Axis label range and click OK.

  • After this, press OK on the Select Data Source box.

  • Now, click on the Histogram. From the Chart Elements select the mentioned items.

  • Lastly, you will get the Histogram in the image below.

Plotting Histogram by Using FREQUENCY Function

Read More: What Is Bin Range in Excel Histogram? (Uses & Applications)


Similar Readings


4. Utilizing COUNTIF and COUNTIFS Functions

Moreover, you can use the COUNTIF and COUNTIFS functions to create a Histogram. Actually, you have to find out the frequencies with the COUNTIF function and then plot a simple bar graph for creating the Histogram. Hence, follow the steps below to complete the operation smoothly.

Steps:

  • Firstly, enter the following formula in cell F5. This will return the frequency of data according to the chosen bins.

=COUNTIF($C$5:$C$15,"<=" &E5)

Utilizing COUNTIF Function to Plot Histogram in Excel

Formula Breakdown

  • Here, the COUNTIF function will count those cells whose values fulfill a given condition.
  • Firstly, $C$5:$C$15 is the range for the lookup array.
  • Secondly, “<=” &E5 are the criteria, which means whether the cell values are less than or equal to the E5 cell value or not.
  • Finally, the COUNTIF function will count those cells whose values are less than or equal to 46.
  • Secondly, select another empty cell like F6 and write down the following formula in that cell. Moreover, apply the AutoFill tool to apply the function for all the bins.

=COUNTIFS($C$5:$C$15,">"&E5,$C$5:$C$15, "<="&E6)

Utilizing COUNTIFS Function to Plot Histogram in Excel

Formula Breakdown

  • Here, the COUNTIFS function will count those cells whose values fulfill a set of conditions.
  • Firstly, $C$5:$C$15 is the 1st range for the lookup array.
  • Secondly, “>”&E5 are the 1st criteria. Which means whether the cell values are greater than the E5 cell value or not.
  • Thirdly, $C$5:$C$15 is the 2nd range for another lookup array.
  • Fourthly, “<=”&E6 are the 2nd criteria, which means whether the cell values are less than or equal to the E6 cell value or not.
  • Finally, the COUNTIFS function will count those cells whose values are between 47 and 56.
  • Now select the complete Frequency column and then go to the Insert tab.
  • Similarly, choose 2-D Column Graph from the charts group of commands.

  • After that, select the chart.
  • Hence, go to the Select Data feature from the Chart Design tab.

  • After all, choose the Edit option from the dialog box.

Data Source Dialog Box

  • In this part, change the series name to English and press OK.

  • Again, you have to click on the Edit option to change the Axis Labels.

Data Source Dialog Box to Plot Histogram in Excel

  • After this, select the Axis label range and click OK.

  • Finally, click OK on the Select Data Source box.

  • Now, from the Chart Elements select the mentioned items after clicking on the Histogram.

Plotting Histogram in Excel

  • Lastly, you will get your desired Histogram in the following image.

Plotting Histogram by Using FREQUENCY Function


5. Using PivotChart to Create Histogram

Alternatively, you can insert a PivotChart to modify it to a Histogram. Moreover, a pivot table is one of the quickest ways to automatically summarize data in Excel. However, follow the steps below in order to create a Histogram by using a PivotChart.

Steps:

  • Firstly, select the English scores (C5:C15) and go to the Insert tab.
  • Now, click on PivotChart.

Using PivotChart on How to Plot Histogram in Excel

  • Furthermore, enter the location for the PivotChart and click OK. This will insert a PivotChart along with a PivotTable.

Create PivotTable

  • Next, drag the English field to the Axis and Values areas.

  • After that, click on Count of English in the Values area and go to the Value Field Settings.

  • In this part, change the type of calculation to Count and click OK.

  • A PivotChart will be generated.

  • After that, right-click on any cell from the Row Labels in the Pivot Table and select Group.

  • Next, uncheck the ‘Starting at’ and ‘Ending at’ checkboxes, enter 46 and 100 in the respective text boxes beside them, then enter 10 in the text box below them to group By 10 and, then click OK.

  • Finally, you will get the desired PivotChart. You can do some changes to the Histogram mentioned in the first method similarly.

Plotting Histogram by Using PivotChart


Conclusion

These are all the steps you can follow to plot a histogram in Excel. Hopefully, you can now easily create the needed adjustments. I sincerely hope you learned something and enjoyed this guide. Please let us know in the comments section below if you have any queries or recommendations.

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Mehedi Hasan

Mehedi Hasan

Hi, I am Mehedi. I have completed my B.Sc. from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. I have a strong interest in innovation and research in the field of Data Science and Machine Learning. Gradually, I now understand the value of Data Analysis and I am trying to learn everyday.

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