**Microsoft Excel** provides various functions to maximize and speed up your productivity. Therefore, today we are going to show you how to use the Excel **COUNTIFS **function by providing suitable examples. Here is our overview image of using **the COUNTIFS function**.

**Table of Contents**hide

## Download Practice Workbook

You may download the following Excel workbook for better understanding and practice it by yourself.

## Introduction to Excel COUNTIFS Function

**Objectives:**

- Counts the number of cells in one or more given arrays that maintain one or more specific criteria.
- Can be both Array and Non-Array Formulas.

**Syntax:**

`=COUNTIFS(criteria_range1,criteria1,...)`

**Arguments Explanation:**

Argument |
Required or Optional |
Value |
---|---|---|

criteria_range1 | Required | The first array. |

criteria1 | Required | Criteria applied to the first array. |

criteria_range2 | Optional | The second array. |

criteria2 | Optional | Criteria applied to the second array. |

… | … | … |

**Return Value:**

- Returns the total number of values in the array that maintain all the given criteria.

**Version:**

**The DVAR function**is available from**Microsoft Excel 2010**.- Here, we will use
**Microsoft Excel 365**.

**Notes**

- Only one criterion and one range of values where the criterion will be applied (
**criteria_range**) is compulsory. But you can use as many criteria and as many ranges as you wish. - The
**criteria**can be a single value or an array of values. If the**criteria**is an array, the formula will turn into an**Array Formula**. - The
**criteria**and the**criteria_range**must come in pairs. That means if you input**criteria_range 3**, you must input**criteria3**. - The lengths of all the
**criteria_ranges**must be equal. Otherwise, Excel will raise**#VALUE!**Error. - While counting, Excel will count only those values that satisfy all the
**criteria.**

## 4 Suitable Examples to Use COUNTIFS Function in Excel

This article will demonstrate to you how to use** the COUNTIFS function. **Today I will be showing how you can use the **COUNTIFS** function to count the number of cells satisfying one or more criteria from any range of cells in **Excel**. Let’s suppose we have a sample data set.

### Example 1: Using COUNTIFS Function to Count Cells with Value for Single Criteria

To begin with, in this section, we will demonstrate how to count cells with a single criterion by using** the COUNTIFS function**. So, to know the method, you can follow the below steps accordingly.

**Steps:**

- Firstly, look at the set of data below.
- Then, we have the students’ records of a school named
*Sunshine Kindergarten*. - So, we have the students’ names in column
**B**, and their marks in*Physics*and*Chemistry*in columns**C**and**D**respectively. - Therefore, we want to count how many students got at least
**80**marks in*Physics*. - Then, write down the following formula here.

`=COUNTIFS(C6:C21,">=80")`

- After that, hit
**ENTER**.

- Consequently, you can see that there are a total of
**6**students who got at least**80**in*Physics*.

### Example 2: Inserting COUNTIFS Function to Count Cells with Multiple Criteria

In this section, we will demonstrate how to count cells with multiple criteria by using** the COUNTIFS function**. So, to know the method, you can follow the below steps accordingly.

**Steps:**

- So, let’s try to count cells with multiple criteria.
- Firstly, we will count how many students got at least 80 in both
*Physics*and*Chemistry*. - Secondly, write down the following formula here.

`=COUNTIFS(C6:C21,">=80",D6:D21,">=80")`

- After that, press
**ENTER**.

- As a result, you can see that there are a total of
**4**students who got at least**80**in both subjects.

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### Example 3: Using COUNTIFS Array Formula for Counting Grades in Excel

In this section, we’ll show you how to use the** COUNTIFS **array formula to count grades. In order to learn the approach, you can take the steps listed below.

**Steps:**

- To begin with, let’s try a different approach.
- So, let’s try to count the number of students with each grade in
*Physics*. - Therefore, for your convenience, I am reminding you of the criteria for each grade.
- Then, before writing the main formula, see we have made this table in
**Excel**too. - After that, we select all the cells in the empty column, enter this
**Array Formula**in the first cell and then press**Ctrl + Shift + Enter**.

`=COUNTIFS(C6:C21,G6:G11,C6:C21,H6:H11)`

**Formula Breakdown**

- If we break down the array formula
**COUNTIFS(C6:C21,G6:G11,C6:C21,H6:H11),**we will find six single formulas. **COUNTIFS(C6:C21,G6,C6:C21,H6)****COUNTIFS(C6:C21,G7,C6:C21,H7)****COUNTIFS(C6:C21,G8,C6:C21,H8)****COUNTIFS(C6:C21,G9,C6:C21,H9)****COUNTIFS(C6:C21,G10,C6:C21,H10)****COUNTIFS(C6:C21,G11,C6:C21,H11)****COUNTIFS(C6:C21,G6,C6:C21,H6)**returns the total number of cells in the range**C6**to**C21**that maintain the criteria**G6**and**H6**.- Finally, apply the same procedure for the rest of the five formulas.

- Lastly, you can see that we have got the number of students with each grade in
*Physics*.

### Example 4: Applying Excel COUNTIFS Function in Range for Counting Ranks

In this section, we’ll show you how to use **the COUNTIFS function **in range to count the ranks of students. In order to learn the approach, you can take the steps listed below.

**Steps:**

- So, This is the final task today.
- Therefore, we will try to find out the rank of each student according to their marks in a subject.
- Then, let’s try it with the marks in Chemistry.
- After that, select a new column and enter this formula in the first cell of the column. Then press
**Ctrl + Shift + Enter**.

`=COUNTIFS(D6:D21,">="&D6:D21)`

**Formula Breakdown**

- If we break down the array formula
**COUNTIFS(D5:D20,”>=”&D5:D20),**we will find 16 different formulas.

**COUNTIFS(D6:D21,”>=”&D6)****COUNTIFS(D6:D21,”>=”&D7)****COUNTIFS(D6:D21,”>=”&D8)****…****…****COUNTIFS(D6:D21,”>=”&D20)**

**COUNTIFS(D6:D21,”>=”&D6)**counts how many values in the array**D6**to**D21**have values greater than or equal to the value in**D6**. This is actually the rank of**D6.**

- Finally, you can see that we have got the ranks of each student in
*Chemistry*.

## Things to Remember

- When the criterion denotes equal to some value or cell reference, just put the value or the cell reference in place of the criteria.

- When the criterion denotes greater than or less than some value, enclose the criteria within an
**apostrophe (“ ”)**

- When the criterion denotes greater than or less than some cell reference, enclose only the greater than or the less than symbol within an
**apostrophe (“”)**and then join the cell reference by an**ampersand (&)**symbol.

**Common Errors with COUNTIFS Function**

**#VALUE**shows when the lengths of all the arrays are not the same.

**Read More:** **The Different Ways of Counting in Excel**

## Conclusion

In this article, we’ve covered **4 **suitable examples of how to use **the COUNTIFS function** in **Excel**. Therefore, We sincerely hope you enjoyed and learned a lot from this article. Moreover, if you want to read more articles on Excel, you may visit our website, Exceldemy. So, if you have any questions, comments, or recommendations, kindly leave them in the comment section below.