In Microsoft Excel, we can use different methods to calculate the percentage of a numeric value with a formula. We can apply algebraic calculations or insert a function to meet our objectives. In this article, you’ll get to learn all suitable methods to determine the percentage of a numeric value by using a formula in Excel spreadsheets.

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You can download the practice workbook that we have used here for demonstration. Click the following button and practice yourself.

**Calculation with Percentage Formula in Excel: 6 Examples**

The term **Percentage **means a fraction of 100 calculated by dividing the numerator by the denominator and then multiplying the fraction by 100. It’s a mathematical term that expresses the proportion of an amount per hundred.

**For example**, if a class has 100 students and 55 of them are male, we can say that the **percentage **of male students in the class is **55 percent** or **55%**.

The **basic percentage formula** is as follows:

`(Value/Total Value) x 100`

Now we will show how we can calculate the **percentage **using formulas in excel with daily life examples.

**1. Basic Percentage Formula in Excel**

There is no single formula for **percentage **which is applicable in every calculation. Although the **basic principle** is the same- **to divide a partial value by the total value and multiply the result by 100.**

The basic **MS Excel** formula for **percentage **is as follows:

`Numerator/Denominator = Percentage`

Unlike the conventional basic formula for percentage, **Excel basic formula** doesn’t contain the **x100 **part. **Why is this so?** We’ll discuss it at the end of the following example.

**Example for Basic Percentage Formula in Excel:**

Let’s assume that we have a simple data set. We have to calculate the percentage of mangoes in the proportion of total fruits.

- All we need to do is- just type the formula:
in cell`=B5/C5`

**C7**and press**Enter**.

You can also enter the formula in cell **C7 **this way:

- Type “
**=**” > Click once on cell**B5**> Type “**/**” > Click once on cell**C5**. - Then press
**Enter**.

What we see in **Cell C7 **is the result **0.10**. We actually expected something like **10%** or **10 percent**.

What we could do is multiply the formula by 100. But Excel doesn’t need that. Excel has a **Percentage** Style button in the **Number **group at the **Home **tab.

- Go to the
**Home**tab >**Number**Group or use keyboard shortcut**Ctrl+1**and go directly to**Number**group. - Then Go to
**Percentage**> Select the**Decimal places**> Press**OK**.

You can also convert the number format into percentage style using a simple keyboard shortcut.

**The Keyboard Shortcut for Percentage Style-****Ctrl+Shift+%:**

Select the cell(s) before or after your calculation and press **Ctrl+Shift+%**. The numerical result will be converted to percent style.

Applying percentage style on **Cell C7**, now we have our result in the desired look (**10.0%**).

**Note:**

**Remember** the shortcut **Ctrl+Shift+%**. We will use that all the way through this article.

As we have discussed earlier in this article, there is no fixed format of the formula for percentage. You have to arrange the formula according to the type of your calculation. See more examples in the following sections.

**Read More:**** How to Calculate Percentage of a Number in Excel (5 Easy Ways)**

**2. Formula for Percentage of Total**

Let’s assume a case that we have a list of several mangoes and apples. We have to calculate the percentage of total mangoes and total apples in the proportion to the total number of fruits.

- First of all, calculate the total using
**the SUM function**.

- Then, type the formula
in`=B11/$B$14`

**Cell C14**> press**Enter**.

The **Absolute Cell Reference** (**$**) sign in the formula indicates that **Cell B14 **will always be the denominator when you copy the formula in **Cell C14 **(or wherever).

We have copied the formula to **Cell C14** too and applied it.

Now we have the percentages, but they are in fraction format.

- Select the
**Cells B14**and**C14**and press**Ctrl+Shift+%**.

We have the results in percentage format now.

**Read More:** **How to Calculate Total Percentage in Excel (5 Ways)**

**3. Excel Formula for Percentage Difference between Rows and Columns**

The excel formula for calculating the change between two values is:

`(New Value - Old Value)/Old Value`

**Percentage Change between Rows:**

Assuming that we have an attendance sheet of a student. We have to determine the percentage change of his attendance between two consecutive months.

- Type the formula
in`=(C6-C5)/C5`

**Cell D6**> Press**Enter.** **Copy and paste**the formula to the next cells > Press**Enter**.

Look at **Cell D8. **The formula is copied and changed accordingly to return the percentage change between March and April.

We have calculated the percentage change of the student’s presence between two consecutive months, but again in fraction format.

We can convert the fraction format to percentage style using keyboard shortcut **Ctrl+Shift+%**. You can convert the fraction to percentage using the lengthy process described at the starting of this article, but we won’t recommend that for Excel spreadsheets.

**Percentage Change between Columns:**

Let’s assume that we have the mark sheet of a student. We have to determine the percentage change of his marks in different subjects between half-yearly in June and final exam in December.

- Type the formula
in cell`=(D5-C5)/C5`

**E5**> Press**Enter.** **Copy and paste**the formula to the next cells > Press**Enter**.

Look at **Cell E7. **The formula is copied and changed duly to give the percentage change.

Again, we have calculated the percentage change between two consecutive columns in fraction format.

Convert the fraction to percentage using a comfortable way described previously in this article

**Read More:** **Percentage Difference between Two Percentages Excel (2 Easy Ways)**

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**How to calculate salary increase percentage in Excel [Free Template]****Calculate Cumulative Percentage in Excel (6 Easy Methods)****How to Calculate Variance Percentage in Excel (3 Easy Methods)****How to Use Profit and Loss Percentage Formula in Excel (4 Ways)****Calculate Year over Year Percentage Change in Excel (3 Easy Techniques)**

**4. Formula to Calculate an Amount or Total by Percentage**

In a super shop, 20% of the fruits are mangoes. You can calculate the number of mangoes or the number of total fruits in the following way.

**Calculate an Amount by Percentage:**

- Just enter the formula
in cell`=B5*C5`

**D5**. Press**Enter**.

So the number of mangoes in the shop is 30 as we see in the following screenshot.

**Calculate the Total by Percentage**:

- Just enter the formula
in cell`=B8*C8`

**D5**. Press**Enter**.

So the number of the total fruits in the shop is 150 as we see in the following screenshot.

We can also customize the number format. **Click here** to know more. I have used the **0 “Nos” **customized format here.

**Read More:**** Excel formula to calculate percentage of grand total (4 Easy Ways)**

**5. Excel Formula to Increase/Decrease an Amount by Percentage**

Assume that we have certain input numbers and have to apply the positive or negative change on them by percentage.

The formula is simple:

`New Value = Old Value + Old Value x Percentage Change`

- So, enter the formula
in`=B5+B5*C5`

**Cell D5**> Press**Enter**. - Copy and paste the formula in the range of cells
**D6:D10**> Press**Enter**.

Look at the following screenshot. The formula is copied and changed properly to return the output numbers.

**Read More: ****How do you Calculate Percentage Increase or Decrease in Excel**

**6. Use of Excel IFERROR Function in Percentage Formula**

Your data set may contain text strings. As a result, the percentage formula entered in the cell will give erroneous values like** #DIV/0!** or **#VALUE!** etc. In these cases, you can use **the ****IFERROR**** function** to make your data set look better.

- Type the following formula in
**Cell E5**:

`=(D5-C5)/C5`

We will add the **IFERROR **function with that.

- Type the following formula in
**Cell E5**.

`=IFERROR((D5-C5)/C5,"-")`

- Copy and paste the formula in the range of cells
**E6:E9**.

As a result, when an error occurs in the result, the formula will return the output as in double quotations.

**Related Content: How to Apply Percentage Formula in Excel for Marksheet (7 Applications)**

**Conclusion**

Concluding, we have described 6 basic usages of the percentage formula in Excel. Besides we have also given a short intro of the percentage concept for the newcomers. Hope you will find all these methods instrumental. The workbook is there for you to download and practice yourself. If you have any questions, comments, or any kind of feedback, please let me know in the comment box.

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