Sometimes, in our Excel worksheet, we need to calculate the percentage of multiple cells with reference to a specific cell value. But the **AutoFill** tool changes the relative cell locations automatically. So, in this article, weâ€™ll show you the easiest ways to calculate the percentage in Excel using absolute cell reference.

## What is Absolute Cell Reference?

The **Absolute Cell Reference** in Excel is to use one particular cell in a calculation and keep that cell constant by not moving to relative locations in further calculations. The **Dollar Symbol** â€˜**$**â€™ usually represents the **Absolute Cell Reference** in Excel.

## What is Percentage?

A **Percentage** is a number or ratio when expressed as a fraction of **100**. The sign of percentage is â€˜**%**â€™. The formula for basic percentage calculation is:

**Percentage = (Part/Whole)*100**

## Dataset Introduction

To illustrate, Iâ€™m going to use a sample dataset as an example. For instance, the following dataset represents the **Salesman**, **Product**, and **Net Sales **of a company. In this case, weâ€™ll show you how to find out the percentage of the net sales of each salesman to the **Total Net Sales** using absolute cell reference.

## Calculate Percentage Using Absolute Cell Reference in Excel: 4 Methods

### 1. Manually Calculate Percentage in Excel Using Absolute Cell Reference

There are two ways to input the **Dollar Symbol **which represents the absolute cell reference in **Excel**. At first, weâ€™ll manually type the dollar sign, â€˜**$**â€™ in our percentage calculation formula. Additionally, weâ€™ll use the **Divisor Symbol**, which is a** Forward Slash** (**/**), and the **Excel Percentage** format to determine the net sales percentage of each **Salesman **to the **Total **sales. Therefore, follow the steps below to know how to perform the operation.

**STEPS:**

- Firstly, select cell
**E5**. Here, type the formula:

`=D5/$D$11`

** **Here, we have applied the absolute cell reference for cell **D11 **which is our **Divisor**. Now, if we use the **AutoFill **tool to complete the rest of the series, the **Dividend **will get changed only, while keeping the divisor **D11 **constant.

- Then, press
**Enter**and use the**AutoFill**tool to fill the series.

- After that, select the â€˜
**%**â€™ icon in the**Number**group under the**HomeÂ**tab.

- Finally, the desired percentage outputs will appear in column
**E**.

**Related Content: Make an Excel Spreadsheet Automatically Calculate Percentage**

### 2. Keyboard Shortcut for Absolute Cell Reference in Calculating Percentage

Another way to apply the absolute cell reference in Excel formulas is by using the keyboard shortcut. In this method, weâ€™ll use the key â€˜**F4**â€™ to input the dollar sign in our formula for percentage calculation. So, follow along to learn the process.

**STEPS:**

- At first, select cell
**E5**. Here, type the formula:

`=D5/D11`

- Then, press the key
**F4**. As a result, youâ€™ll see the formula as shown in the following picture.

To clarify, the **F4 **key inputs the dollar symbol in cell **D11**. And thus, cell **D11 **has become an absolute cell reference. Using the **AutoFill **tool to fill the series wonâ€™t change **D11 **to relative locations anymore.

- After that, press
**Enter**. And then, use the**AutoFill**tool to complete the series.

- Now, in the
**Number**group under the**Home**tab, select the â€˜**%**â€™ icon.

- Eventually, itâ€™ll return the respective percentages.

### 3. Using Absolute Cell Reference for Percentage Difference Calculation

Sometimes, we have to perform analysis in our Excel datasheet to get a clear perspective about how the product or service is making an impact on the market or to see improvements. In this case, we have set a **Target **sales amount of **10,000**, and from here, weâ€™ll determine the percentage difference between this target and the net sales amount of each **Salesman**. Hence, learn the steps below to perform the task.

**STEPS:**

- Firstly, select cell
**E5**and type the formula:

`=(C5-$D$12)/$D$12`

- Then, press
**Enter**and use the**AutoFill**tool for the rest.

- Subsequently, select the â€˜
**%**â€™ icon in the**Number**group under the**HomeÂ**tab.

- At last, the required percentage difference will appear in column
**E**.

### 4. SUMIF Function to Calculate Percentage with Absolute Cell Reference

At times, we may need to calculate the contribution of a particular person or product to the total sales amount. For this purpose, we can use the **Excel SUMIF function** along with absolute cell reference. So, in our last method, weâ€™ll apply the **SUMIF** function to find out the impact in percentage on the total sales made by the salesman **Wilham **and **Simon**. Therefore, follow the steps given below in order to compute the percentage.

**STEPS:**

- In the beginning, select cell
**G5**and type the formula:

`=SUMIF($B$5:$B$10,B5,$D$5:$D$10)/$D$11`

Here, **B5:B10** is the criteria range, **B5 **is the criteria, and **D5:D10** is the sum range. We applied the absolute cell reference in the criteria range and the sum range as we didnâ€™t want the ranges to change in our next calculation. But, **B5 **will change to **B6 **when we use the **AutoFill **tool as our next desired criteria are **Simon**.

- Then, press
**Enter**and apply the**AutoFill**tool to get a contribution of**Simon**.

- After that, under the
**Home**tab, select the â€˜**%**â€™ icon in the**NumberÂ**tab.

- Finally, youâ€™ll get the contribution of each
**Salesman**in percentage.

**Download Practice Workbook**

To practice by yourself, download the following workbook.

## Conclusion

Henceforth, you will be able to calculate percentage in Excel using **Absolute Cell Reference** with the above-described methods. Keep using them and let us know if you have any more ways to do the task. Donâ€™t forget to drop comments, suggestions, or queries if you have any in the comment section below.

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