In **Microsoft Excel**, you can use the most common & basic formula directly to calculate **Variance Percentage**. Here I’m going to show how you can do this calculation. But let’s first review what Variance Percentage is & how it works. Following we will learn how to calculate variance percentage in excel with 3 Easy Methods.

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## What Is Variance Percentage?

**Variance Percentage** indicates the percentage difference between a new value & an old value subject to the old value. It represents the percentage of change between two values.

**Formula(s) for Variance Percentage:**

**=(New Value – Old Value) / Old Value * 100% **

or,

**=(New Value / Old Value-1) * 100%**

**Variance Percentage** is widely used in business accounting & economics. It can determine the percentage of profit & loss under a given dataset. To find the differences or changes in the values of temperature, product sales, budgetary estimates & expenses, this term needs to be mentioned. In Excel, you can find this variance percentage for a huge range of data only in minutes.

## 3 Easy Methods to Calculate Variance Percentage in Excel

Let’s think about a business company that wants to know the percentage variance between **Actual Sales** & **Estimated Sales** for **12 months** in the year **2021**. In **column E**, we’re going to calculate this **percentage variance**.

Now, let us try the following 3 methods to calculate the percentage variance of the sales amounts.

### 1. Apply Simplified Formula to Determine Variance Percentage

As we described above, we will first apply the simplified formula to find the variance percentage. Let’s see the process below.

- First, select
**cell E5**& type this formula.

`=(D5-C5)/C5`

- Then, press
**Enter**& you’ll get the**variance**for**January**.

- Now, under the
**Home**ribbon, choose**Percentage**format from the drop-down in the**Number**group of commands.

- Finally, the value in
**cell E5**will convert into a percentage & show as a**Percentage Variance**. - Next, point your mouse cursor onto the bottom right corner of
**cell E5**, you’ll see a**Plus**(**+**) sign called**Fill Handle**. - Now, drag this
**Fill Handle**to**cell E16**& release the button.

- That’s it, you’ve just successfully determined all percentage variances for
**12 months**.

**Read More: ****How to Do Variance Analysis in Excel (With Quick Steps)**

### 2. Get Variance Percentage in Excel Using Alternative Formula

Now we’ll use the same dataset but apply an alternative formula that is quite easier to type than the previous one.

- First, select
**cell E5**and type this formula.

`=D5/C5-1`

- Then, press
**Enter**. - Along with it, don’t forget to convert the value into
**Percentage**format.

- Next, use
**Fill Handle**once again to fill down to**cell E16**like before. - Finally, you’ll get the desired result as shown in the picture below.

**Read More: ****How to Calculate Percentage Variance between Two Numbers in Excel**

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**How to Calculate Pooled Variance in Excel (with Easy Steps)****Calculate Portfolio Variance in Excel (3 Smart Approaches)****How to Calculate Coefficient of Variance in Excel (3 Methods)****Calculate Mean Variance and Standard Deviation in Excel****How to Calculate Variance Using Pivot Table in Excel (with Easy Steps)**

### 3. Insert Excel IFERROR Function to Calculate Variance Percentage

Let’s think about a scenario where you have to divide the difference between **Actual** & **Estimated Sales** by **Zero** (**0**). You’ll see an error like **cell E11** in the following figure.

You can check what type of error it is by clicking on the **Error Checking** option attached to **cell E11**. It’s showing **Divide by Zero Error **here. So we have to correct this error now.

- First, type this formula in
**cell E5**.

`=IFERROR(D5/C5-1,0)`

- Now, press
**Enter**to get the same value as the**percentage variance**for**January**as before. - Next, fill down
**cell E5**to**cell E16**by using**Fill Handle**. - Finally, you’ll find
**cell E11**without having any error message as you’ve already fixed the formula considering this occurrence.

**the IFERROR function**is used to avoid the error

**#DIV/0**in the dataset. It is a beneficial function to trap and manage errors. Lastly, we typed

**0**in the formula to get an

**exact match**.

**Read More: ****How to Find Population Variance in Excel (2 Easy Ways)**

## How to Calculate Variance Percentage for Negative Numbers in Excel

In some older Excel versions, you may find error messages while dividing with negative values. In that case, you have to use **the ABS Function** to enclose the divisor. This function turns a negative value into a positive one. Let’s check the process below.

- First, select
**cell E5**and type this formula.

`=(D5-C5)/ABS(C5)`

- Then, press
**Enter**and you will see that it is showing the correct value despite having negative numbers.

- Lastly, use the
**Fill Handle**tool to get results in the**cell range E5:E16**.

**ABS**function is used to return the absolute value of percentage variance between the

**cells C5**and

**D5**.

**Note:**The

**ABS**function will show misleading results if one of the values in your dataset is positive and another one is negative.

## Conclusion

So, these are all basic & common techniques on how to calculate variance percentage in excel. I have tried my best to make the instructions as easy as possible. I hope this article has guided you with proper & convenient instructions. You can have a look at other articles related to a wide range of Excel functions in **ExcelDemy**. If you have any questions, suggestions or feedback regarding this article then you’re welcome to comment here.

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