# Anova in Excel (One and Two-Way)

In this Excel tutorial, you will learn everything about ANOVA in Excel. We will show the way of enabling the Data Analysis feature and step-by-step procedure to perform One-way as well as Two-way ANOVA in Excel. We will also discuss how to interpret Anova results in Excel.

ANOVA, which stands for “Analysis of Variance”, is a way to find the changes in means within or between groups by putting together several statistical models. Excel users can use different parts of an ANOVA study to figure out what the results mean. ANOVA is a great way to figure out which factor has the biggest impact on a given set of data. We hope you will find this article informative and learn everything about Anova in Excel.

Note: While preparing this article, we used MicrosoftÂ 365, but the operations apply to all versions.

## What Is ANOVA?

ANOVA is the acronym for Analysis of Variance. It is a statistical test that separates variance into different components so that they can be used in further tests. It helps to assess whether the means of different groups are significantly different or if the observed differences are due to random chance. There are several types of ANOVA. In this article, we will discuss 2 types of ANOVA. They are:

• One-Way ANOVA
• Two-Way ANOVA

## What Are One-Way and Two-Way ANOVA in Excel?

Let’s now discuss the two types of ANOVA mentioned previously.

• One-Way ANOVA: The one-way ANOVA determines whether there is a significant difference between the mean of three or more groups. It is called one-way because it involves only one factor. A one-way ANOVA cannot tell you which specific groups are statistically different from each other, but it can tell you which two groups are.
• Two-Way ANOVA: Two-way ANOVA is a statistical technique used to analyze the effects of two categorical independent variables on a continuous dependent variable. The basic difference between one-way ANOVA and two-way ANOVA is the number of independent variables.

## How to Enable Data Analysis ToolPak in Excel?

To do ANOVA, we need to have a Data Analysis option. By default, the Data Analysis feature is not added in Excel. We need to add the Data Analysis ToolPak manually. To do that follow the below steps:

• Firstly, press the keyboard shortcut ALT + F + T to open the Excel Options dialogue box from your worksheet.
• Next, go to Add-ins >> click on Go.

• Now, check the box of Analysis ToolPak from the Add-ins dialogue box and click OK.

• Now to check, go to the DataÂ tab.
• You will see that there is a Data Analysis option at the top right side of the Ribbon.

## How to Perform One-Way ANOVA Test in Excel?

In the following dataset, we have the bowling Speed of 3 Bowlers and their Average Speed. Here, there is only one variable that influences bowling speed. That is, depending on the bowler, the speed varies.

Now, we will show you how to perform a One-Way ANOVA test in Excel with some easy steps.

• Go to the Data tab>> click on Data Analysis>> choose Anova: Single Factor from the Data Analysis dialogue box.
• Next, click OK.

• Now, click on the Input Range box to input cells C4:E11.
• Check the box of Labels in first row.
• Next, click on the Output Range box and select cell B14 to display the output.
• Finally, click OK.

• As a result, you will see the outputs of the ANOVA test as demonstrated in the following picture.

## How to Do a Two-Way ANOVA Test in Excel?

In this section, we will perform a two-way ANOVA test in Excel. In the following dataset, we compare the amount of dirt removed by two different brands of detergent – Persil and Gain at three different temperatures. Dirt removal is dependent on two factors. They are the detergent brand and the water temperature.

Now follow the below steps carefully to perform a two-way ANOVA test in Excel.

• Go to the Data tab>> click on Data Analysis>> choose Anova: Two-Factor With Replication from the Data Analysis dialogue box.
• Next, click OK.

• Now, click on the Input Range box to input cells B4:E12.
• Input 4 in Rows per sample text box.
• Next, click on the Output Range box and select cell B14 to display the output.
• Finally, click OK.

• As a result, you will see the outputs of the ANOVA test as demonstrated in the following pictures.

• And here is the ANOVA part after performing a two-way ANOVA test in Excel.

## How to Interpret ANOVA Results in Excel?

Users can use multiple components of an ANOVA Analysis to interpret the results in Excel. In this part, we will show how to interpret ANOVA test results in Excel.

### 1. Interpreting One-Way ANOVA Test Result

Executing ANOVA: Single Factor Analysis from Data Analysis Toolpak helps users to find if there is a statistically significant difference between the means of 3 or more independent samples (or groups). We got results like the picture below after performing a one-way ANOVA test.

• Parameters: Anova Analysis determines the Null Hypothesisâ€™s applicability in the data. Different result values from the Anova Analysis outcome can pinpoint the Null Analysis status.
• Average and Variance: From the Summary, you can see both the highest average (i.e., 88.333) and highest variance (30.222) are for Sam.

• Test Statistic (F) vs. Critical Value (FCrit): Anova results showcase Statistic (F= 6.00) > Critical Statistic (FCrit=3.55). Therefore, the data model rejects the Null Hypothesis.

• P-Value vs. Significance Level (a): Again, from the ANOVA outcomes, P-Value (0.010058) < Significance Level (a = 0.05). So, you can say that the means are different and reject the Null Hypothesis.

### 2. Interpreting Two-Way ANOVA Test Result

We already know that ANOVA: Two-Factor with Replication evaluates the difference between the means of more than two groups. We got results like the screenshot below after performing a two-way ANOVA test. Here is the summary part of the two-way ANOVA test result.

And here is the ANOVA part of the two-way ANOVA test result.

• Parameters: P Value only acts as the parameter for the rejection or acceptance of the Null Hypothesis.
• Variable 1 Significant Status: Variable 1 (i.e., Sample) has a P-Value (i.e., 0.017679) which is not greater than the Significance Level (i.e., 0.05). Thus, Variable 1 rejects the Null Hypothesis.

• Variable 2 Significant Status: Variable 2 (i.e., Columns) has a P-Value (i.e.1.1542) which is greater than 0.05. In this case, Variable 2Â  falls under the Null Hypothesis.

• Interaction Status: Variables 1 and 2 donâ€™t have any interaction as P Value (i.e., 0.934) is more than the Significance Level (i.e., 0.05).

• Mean Interaction: Among the means for Persil and Gain, Gain has the highest mean. But these mean values donâ€™t tell whether this comparison is significant or not. In this case, we can look at the mean values for Cold, Warm, and Hot waters.

The mean values of Cold, Warm, and Hot waters have greater values for Hot.

Also, there are no significant interaction effects as the entries seem to be random and repetitive within a range.

## Which Things You Need to Remember?

• ANOVA is suitable when you have three or more groups or levels to compare. Ensure that your study design aligns with this requirement.
• ANOVA can be used with both balanced (equal sample sizes between groups) and unbalanced (unequal sample sizes) designs. Unbalanced designs may reduce test power. Interpret results carefully.
• To get the exact F Value, make sure that the first variance value is less than the second variance value.

### 1. What is the difference between ANOVA and t-test?

Answer: The key difference between ANOVA and t-test is- ANOVA is used when you have more than two groups or levels to compare whereas the t-test is used when you have only two groups to compare.

### 2. What is a P-value in ANOVA?

Answer: In ANOVA, the p-value indicates the probability that the observed differences across groups or levels are due to random chance. It enables researchers to determine whether the differences are statistically significant enough to reject the null hypothesis.

### 3. What is an F-value in ANOVA?

Answer: The F-value in ANOVA reflects the ratio of between-group variability to within-group variability. It is used to assess the overall significance of variations between the means of different groups or levels that are being compared.

## Key Takeaways from the Article

• First, we have explained what Anova is, one-way and two-wayÂ ANOVA test.
• Discussed how to enable Data Analysis Toolpak in Excel.
• Showed step-by-step procedures of how to perform One-way ANOVA as well as Two-way ANOVA in Excel.
• Also showed how to interpret Anova results in Excel.
• Discussed some points that should be considered while doing the ANOVA test in Excel.

## Conclusion

This article has covered everything that you need to know about ANOVA in Excel. Here we showed step-by-step procedures for performing One-way ANOVA as well as Two-way ANOVA in Excel. In addition, we discussed interpreting Anova results in Excel. Please let us know if you found this article useful and informative. If you have any questions, notes, or suggestions, feel free to leave them in the comments area.

## ANOVA in Excel: Knowledge Hub

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Nujat Tasnim

Nujat Tasnim, BSc in Computer Science and Engineering from American International University-Bangladesh, has a year-long tenure with ExcelDemy. Initially a Content Developer at SOFTEKO, she transitioned to the Software Team as Junior Software Quality Assurance Engineer. Currently serving as a Junior SQA Engineer at SOFTEKO, she excels in SDLC, STLC, and requirement analysis and possesses profound insights into OOP-related software development processes. Nujat is also proficient in design software like Photoshop and Illustrator, contributing diverse skills to her... Read Full Bio

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