Excel has a powerful graphing feature that can add visual depth and clarity to even the most mundane of datasets. For instance, you may need to make a percentage polygon, and this is where Microsoft Excel excels! In this article, weâ€™ll demonstrate 2 handy ways to create a percentage polygon in Excel. Moreover, weâ€™ll also discuss how to make a cumulative percentage polygon in Excel.

**Table of Contents**Expand

## Introduction to Percentage Polygons with Their Uses

The percentage polygon consists of a line chart drawn by connecting the percentage values of the frequency of the dataset. Simply put, it represents the data in terms of percentages and helps determine the appearance of the distribution. Typically, percentage polygons are used to graph marks scored by students, population weight, birth rate, death rate, etc.

## 2 Ways to Create a Percentage Polygon in Excel

Considering the **Participants of the Psychology Test** dataset shown in the **B4:D4** cells. Here, the dataset divides the **Age **into **Lower **and **Upper Limits **and shows the **Number of People **in each of the age groups. Now, we want to insert a percentage polygon showing the age distribution of the participants, so letâ€™s observe each method in detail in the following section.

Here, we have used the *Microsoft Excel 365* version, you may use any other version according to your convenience.

__Method-1__: Making a Percentage Polygon Utilizing Line Chart

Letâ€™s start with a simple way to insert a percentage polygon using a Line Chart. However, before inserting the chart weâ€™ll use Excelâ€™s **SUM function** to obtain the *Midpoint* values and compute the *Total Number of People*. Hence, letâ€™s see it in action.

ðŸ“Œ ** Steps**:

- At the very beginning, go to the
**D6**cell >> enter the formula given below.

`=SUM(B6:C6)/2`

Here, the **B6:C6** range refers to the *Lower *and *Upper Limits* respectively.

- Then, use the Fill Handle Tool to copy the formula into the cells below.

- Next, move to the
**D15**cell >> calculate the**Total Number of People**using the expression below.

`=SUM(E6:E13)`

In this case, the **E6:E13** range of cells represents the *Number of People* (*Frequency*) in each age group.

- Then, compute the corresponding
*Percentage*for each age group by applying the following equation.

`=E6/$D$15`

In the above equation, the **E6 **and **D15 **cells point to the *Number of People* and the *Total Number of People* respectively.

ðŸ“ƒ *Note: **Please make sure to use **Absolute Cell Reference** by pressing the F4 key on your keyboard. Additionally, change the cell formatting of the F6:F13 cells to Percentage using the CTRL + 1 shortcut keys.*

- Afterward, select the
**F6:F13**cells >> navigate to the**Insert**tab >> click the**Insert Line or Area Chart**drop-down>> choose the**2-D Line Chart**option.

- Now, select the chart >> click the
**Select Data**option.

Immediately, the **Select Source Data** wizard pops out.

- Next, press the
**Edit**button under the**Horizontal Axis Labels**field.

- In turn, select the
**D6:D13**cells (*Midpoint values*) as the x-axis values >> hit the**OK**button.

Following this, format the chart using the **Chart Elements** option.

- In addition to the default selection, enable the
**Axes Title**to provide axes names. Here, it is the*Midpoint*for the x-axis and the*Percentage*for the y-axis. - Now, add the
**Chart Title**, for example,*Distribution of Age*. - Lastly, disable the
**Gridlines**option to give your chart a clean look.

Finally, this should generate the chart as shown in the picture below.

__Method-2__: Using PivotTable to Create a Percentage Polygon

Another way to make a percentage polygon involves using the PivotTable option to group the data and obtain the percentage values of the corresponding data points. Now, assuming the Weight List dataset shown in the **B4:B25** cells which shows a list of weights in kilograms. Here, we want to group the data into bins, then count the number of data points within that bin and compute the percentage of the total to generate a percentage polygon. Therefore, letâ€™s go through the steps.

ðŸ“Œ ** Steps**:

- First, select the
**B4:B25**range of cells >> jump to the**Insert**tab >> click the**PivotTable**option.

Now, this opens the **Create PivotChart** dialog box.

- Next, select the
**New Worksheet**option >> press the**OK**button.

- Then, drag the
**Weight in kg**field into the**Rows**and**Values**areas successively.

- Second, move to the
**B5**cell >> choose the**Group Selection**option fromÂ the**Group**dropdown options.

- Afterward, enter the group limits. In this case, the default limits are chosen, and press
**OK**to confirm.

- Third, navigate to the
**C5**cell >>**Right Click**on the mouse >> go to**Summarize Values By**>> click the**Count**option.

- Similarly, in the
**C5**cell, again**Right Click**on the mouse >> proceed to**Show Values As**>> choose the**% of Grand Total**option.

Now, this groups the data into bins and gives the corresponding percentages of the data points within the bin.

- Fourth, copy the
**B5:C11**cells >> paste them into the*% Polygon from PivotTable*worksheet as values.

- Following this, choose the
**B6:B12**cell >> go to the**Insert**tab >> press the**Text to Columns**option.

In an instant, the **Convert Text to Columns** window appears.

- In the first step, click the
**Next**button.

- In the second step, insert a check on the
**Other**option >> type in a*Hyphen*(-) in the adjacent box >> hit the**Finish**button.

- Fifth, obtain the
*Midpoint*values using the following expression.

`=SUM(B6:C6)/2`

In the above formula, the **B6:C6** cells indicate the *Lower *and *Upper Limits*.

- In the following step, select the
**F6:F13**cells >> move to the**Insert**tab >> select the**Line Chart**option.

- Then, select the chart >> choose the
**Select Data**option.

- Next, enter the
*Midpoint values*as the x-axis values.

- Eventually, apply the formatting as shown in Method 1 and your results should look like the screenshot shown below.

## How to Make a Cumulative Percentage Polygon in Excel

What if you want to generate a cumulative percentage polygon? Then, youâ€™re in luck because our next method answers this exact question. Now, the process is similar to Previous Method except for the addition of cumulative frequency which adds the previous frequency to the current frequency. So, the last frequency is equal to the total frequency of the dataset. Now, allow me to demonstrate the process in the steps below.

ðŸ“Œ ** Steps**:

- First and foremost, navigate to the
**D6**cell and insert the formula given below.

`=SUM(B6:C6)/2`

In the above formula, the **B6:C6** cells point to the *Lower* and *Upper Limits*.

- In the second step, jump to the
**D15**cell and insert this expression into the Formula Bar.

`=SUM(E6:E13)`

In this instance, the **E6:E13 **cells indicate the *Number of People* (*Frequency*)

- Then, calculate the
*Cumulative Number of People*(*Cumulative Frequency*) by typing in the equation in the**F7**cell.

`=F6+E7`

Here, the **F6 **and **E7 **cells represent the *Cumulative Number of People *and the *Number of People*.

- Following this, get the
*Cumulative Percentage*values in the**G6**cell.

`=F6/$D$15`

For instance, the **F6** and **D15** cells refer to the *Cumulative Number of People *and the *TotalÂ Number of People*.

- In the third step, choose the
**G6:G13**cells and insert a**Line**chart.

- In turn, use the
**Chart Elements**option to format the chart as shown in Method 1.

Subsequently, your output should appear as the image given below.

**Read More:** How to Make a Cumulative Distribution Graph in Excel

## Practice Section

We have provided a** Practice** section on the right side of each sheet so you can practice yourself. Please make sure to do it by yourself.

**Download Practice Workbook**

## Conclusion

Henceforth, this article shows 2 effective methods how to create a percentage polygon in Excel. Now, read the full article carefully and apply the knowledge by downloading the free practice workbook. Additionally, if you have any further queries or recommendations, please feel free to comment here.

## Related Articles

- How to Make a t-Distribution Graph in Excel
- How to Create Grade Distribution Chart in Excel
- How to Create Gaussian Distribution Chart in Excel
- Stem and Leaf Plot in Excel: A Robust Tool to Visualize Data
- Back to Back Stem and Leaf Plot Excel

**<< Go Back to Excel Distribution ChartÂ |Â Excel ChartsÂ |Â Learn Excel**