Today we will discuss the use of** the LARGE function** to get the associated text data of a specific numeric value in **Excel**. **The LARGE function** returns the **k-th** largest value of a dataset, where the integer **k **specifies the position of the** largest numeric value** in the array or range of cells of data. We can only extract numeric values using **the LARGE function**. However, by combining** the LARGE function** with some other useful functions, we can extract the associated text data of a numeric value.

**Table of Contents**hide

## Download Practice Book

You can download this practice workbook while going through this article.

## 3 Suitable Methods to Use LARGE Function to Get Text Data in Excel

In this article, we will demonstrate with examples how we can use **the LARGE function** to get **the associated text data **of a particular numeric value. We can use **the LARGE function** with **the VLOOKUP function**. Moreover, we can also use** the LARGE function** with **the INDEX, and MATCH functions**. We can use** the ROWS function** along with **the LARGE function** to get **the associated text data** of any particular numeric value as well.

### Method 1: Combining LARGE and VLOOKUP Functions to Get Text Data in Excel

We can use **the LARGE function** with **the VLOOKUP function** to retrieve **the associated text data** of a numeric value. This method is simple and easy to use. Here in this worksheet, we have the names of multiple students, their student IDs, their GPAs (Grade Point Average), their departments, and their permanent addresses. We want to find out the names of the top 3 students with the highest GPAs. To do so, just follow the steps below.

**Steps:**

- To begin, select the cell where you want to put the name of the student. We are selecting cell
**E15**, where we want to see the name of the student who has the highest GPA.

- Then, enter the formula in cell
**E15.**

`=VLOOKUP(LARGE($C$5:$C$11,D15),$C$5:$F$11,2,0)`

**How Does the Formula Work? **

**LARGE($C$5:$C$11,D15),**this portion of the formula finds the highest (**D15**=1) GPA in the**C5:C11**range.

**VLOOKUP(LARGE($C$5:$C$11,D15),$C$5:$F$11,2,0),****t****he VLOOKUP function**looks for the highest GPA value in the range**C5:F11**.- Then, it returns the exact match of the text data corresponding to the highest GPA value from column no 2 (Name) of the selected range (
**C5:F11**).

- Now, press
**Enter**and you will see the name of the student with the highest GPA. In this dataset, Robert has the highest GPA (3.67) among all the students. That’s why his name has appeared in cell**E15**.

- Then, select cell
**E15**and copy the formula up to cell**E17**by using the**AutoFill**tool.

- Finally, you will have the names of the Top 3 students with the highest GPAs.

**Read More: ****How to Use LARGE and SMALL Function in Excel**

### Method 2: Nesting LARGE Function with INDEX, and MATCH Functions to Extract Text Data in Excel

We can use **the LARGE function** with **the INDEX **and **MATCH functions** to extract the associated text data of a numeric value. **The INDEX **and **MATCH functions** are the perfect alternative to **the VLOOKUP function**. **The VLOOKUP function** has some limitations. The biggest drawback of **the VLOOKUP function** is, it can extract data only from the columns that are situated on the right-hand side of the look-up value. Also, the lookup value has to be on the leftmost column of the selected range of cells. The best way to overcome this limitation is to use** the INDEX **and **MATCH functions**. We will use the same dataset as *Method 1*. Simply follow the steps below:

**Steps:**

- First, select the cell where you want to put the name of the student. We are selecting cell
**E15**, where we want to see the name of the student who has the highest GPA.

- Secondly, type the formula in cell
**E15**.

`=INDEX($D$5:$D$11,MATCH(LARGE($C$5:$C$11,D15),$C$5:$C$11,0),0)`

**How Does the Formula Work?**

**LARGE($C$5:$C$11,D15),**this portion of the formula finds the highest (**D15**=1) GPA in the**C5:C11**range.

**MATCH(LARGE($C$5:$C$11,D15),$C$5:$C$11,0),**this portion of the formula provides the row of the top GPA holder in the**C5:C11**column.

**INDEX($D$5:$D$11,MATCH(LARGE($C$5:$C$11,D15),$C$5:$C$11,0),0),****the INDEX function**will return the exact match of**the associated text data**with the largest value from the**D5:D11**column.

- After that, press
**Enter**and you will see the name of the student with the highest GPA.

- Then, select cell
**E15**and copy down the formula up to cell**E17**.

- Finally, you will have the names of the Top 3 students with the highest GPAs.

**Read More: ****How to Find Largest Lookup Value in Excel (3 Easy Ways)**

### Method 3: Combining LARGE Function with INDEX, MATCH, and ROWS Functions to Sort Text Data in Descending Order

We can sort numbers in descending order by using **the LARGE function** with the **ROWS function** and subsequently sort **the associated text data** of those numbers. Here in the dataset, the names of the students are not sorted according to their GPAs. We can sort the names in such a way that the highest GPA holder gets the topmost position and the lowest GPA holder gets the bottommost position. In short, we will sort the names of all the students with their GPAs in descending order. Simply follow the steps below:

**Steps:**

- To begin, select the cell to start the order. We are selecting cell
**H5**.

- Secondly, enter the formula in
**H5**:

`=INDEX($D$5:$D$11,MATCH(LARGE($C$5:$C$11,ROWS(C$5:$C5)),$C$5:$C$11,0),0)`

**How Does the Formula Work? **

**ROWS(C$5:C5),**this portion of the formula returns the row number of the reference.

**LARGE($C$5:$C$11, ROWS(C$5:C5)),**now,**the LARGE function**finds all the large numbers according to the row serial from the**C5:C11**range.

**MATCH(LARGE($C$5:$C$11,ROWS(C$5:$C5)),$C$5:$C$11,0),**moreover, this portion of the formula provides the row of the descending GPA holder in the**C5:C11**column.

**INDEX($D$5:$D$11,MATCH(LARGE($C$5:$C$11,ROWS(C$5:$C5)),$C$5:$C$11,0),0),**lastly,**the INDEX function**will return the exact match of**the associated text data**with the largest value from the**D5:D11**column.

- Now, press
**Enter**and you will see the name of the student.

- Finally, copy down the formula up to
**H11**with the**AutoFill**tool and you will see the list of students in**H5:H11**with their GPAs in descending order.

**Read More: ****[Fixed!] Sort Largest to Smallest Not Working in Excel**

## Things to Remember

**The LARGE function** will not work if any of the following circumstances occur:

- If the second argument (
**k**value) of**the LARGE function**is a negative number. - If the
**k**value is higher than the number of rows in the specified range. - The selected array is empty or doesn’t include a single numeric value.

## Conclusion

In this article, we have demonstrated how to use **the LARGE function** along with some other useful functions to retrieve t**he associated text data** in Excel. This article will allow users to use Excel more efficiently and effectively. If you have any questions regarding this essay, feel free to let us know in the comments. Also, if you want to see more Excel content like this, please visit our website **Exceldemy.com** and unlock a great resource for Excel-related content.