How to Make a Bar Graph in Excel with 4 Variables (with Easy Steps)

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The Bar Graph is a type of graph to represents data in a specific way. There are more options to represent data through different graphs. Usually, there are two variables are present in a bar graph. But in this article, we will show how to make a bar graph in excel with 4 variables in detail.

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What Is Bar Graph?

A Bar Graph is a graphical representation of data with rectangular bars. The length of each bar represents the value or is proportional to the value of the variables. It is also called Bar Chart.

This is a sample bar graph, showing the revenue of different months

Some common characteristics of the Bar Graph are-

  • All rectangular bars are of equal width and space.
  • We can draw rectangular bars horizontally or vertically.
  • Rectangular bars must be in the same base.
  • The height or length of the bars indicates the value of the data presented.

Steps to Make a Bar Graph in Excel with 4 Variables

In this article, we will show all steps to making a Bar graph in Excel with 4 variables. We have a data set that contains information on the showroom of sales, profit, cost, and profit percentage each week. We will show all these variables in the bar graphs at the same time.

📌Step 1: Insert Data for Bar Graph

In the 1st step, we will insert data to form the bar graph. First, we will insert data for the Week and the Sales columns.

  • Select Range B5:C9.
  • Go to the Insert tab.
  • Choose the 2-D Bar option from the Insert Column or Bar Chart.

Insert Data for Bar Graph with 4 variables

  • Look at the dataset.

A bar chart has formed already.

Read More: How to Change Bar Chart Width Based on Data in Excel (with Easy Steps)

📌Step 2: Customize Legends in Bar Graph

In this section, we will customize the Legends of the graph.

  • Keep the cursor on the graph.
  • Now, press the right button of the mouse.
  • Click on the Select Data from the Context Menu.

Customize the Legends in the Bar Graph in Excel

  • The Select Data Source window appears.
  • We can see that data is named Series1. Need to change the name here.
  • Select Series1 and then click on the Edit option.

Customize the Legends in the Bar Graph in Excel

  • In the Series name box choose Cell C4, which will set the legend of the shown graph.

Customize the Legends in the Bar Graph in Excel

  • Finally, press OK.

We can see that name has changed accordingly.

Read More: Reverse Legend Order of Stacked Bar Chart in Excel (With Quick Steps)

📌Step 3: Add New Variables

As we want to make a graph of 4 variables, we need to add 3 more variables to this graph.

  • Click on the Add button of the Select Data Source window.

Add New Variables in the Bar Graph of Excel

  • The Edit Series window appears.
  • In the Series name box choose Cell D4. After that choose the corresponding value column in the Series values box.

Add New Variables in the Bar Graph of Excel

  • Then, press OK.

We can see 4 variables are shown in the window.

  • Look at the graph now.

4 bars are shown for each week of different colure.

Read More: How to Make a Bar Graph in Excel with 2 Variables (3 Easy Ways)

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📌Step 4: Customize Graph Elements

In this section, we will customize different elements of the graph to get a clear idea of the graph on the first look.

  • Click on the graph.
  • We can see a plus sign named Chart Elements.
  • Click on there.
  • Now, check the required elements from the list.

Customize the Graph Elements in Excel of 4 variables

We want to customize the chart title, and axis title and show the legends.

  • Give names to the chart and the axes.

Axes title, chart title, and legends are shown here clearly.

Read More: Excel Bar Graph Color with Conditional Formatting (3 Suitable Examples)

📌Step 5: Edit and Format Data Series of Bar Graph

In this step, we will edit the bars of the graph. Like we can change the color.

  • Click on any bar of the graph.
  • Double click the bar.
  • The Format Data Series window appears on the right side.
  • Go to the Color option.

Edit and Format Data Series of the Bar Graph of 4 variables

  • We choose the green color from there.

We can see the bar color has changed successfully.

Read More: How to Show Difference Between Two Series in Excel Bar Chart (2 Ways)

💬 Things to Remember

In some cases, we should not use the Bar graph.

  • When we want to show properties bar chart is not suitable rather than a Pie chart.
  • When want to show the change of overtime the Line graph is better than the Bar chart.


In this article, we the full process of how to make a bar graph in Excel with variables. We explained all the steps in detail with images. I hope this will satisfy your needs. Please have a look at our website and give your suggestions in the comment box.

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Alok Paul

Alok Paul

Hello, this is Alok. I am working as an Excel & VBA Content Developer at Exceldemy. I want to provide solutions to various Excel-based problems. I completed my study at East West University major in Telecommunications Engineering. I love traveling, reading books, playing cricket.

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