How to Create a Column Chart in Excel (2 Suitable Ways)

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Column Charts can be used to show how data changes over time or to show comparisons between things. In Column Charts, the categories are usually lined up along the horizontal axis, and the values are usually lined up along the vertical axis. In this article, we’ll show you how to create a column chart in Excel using the Charts tool quickly and easily.


Watch Video – Create a Stacked Column Chart in Excel


Overview of how to create a column chart in Excel


What is a Column Chart in Excel?

A column chart is a type of chart used for the graphical representation of data using rectangles or columns. You can also say this vertical bar chart. This chart is used to show data change over a time period or to compare different items. Some common uses of column charts are given below:

  • Easy to create just using a few clicks.
  • Easily understandable.
  • A wide range of customization options is available.
  • Some advanced features are available like trendlines, and secondary axis.

How to Create a Column Chart in Excel: 2 Methods

There are several chart options available in Excel. The column chart is one of the most widely used. This section will explain how to create a column chart in Excel. We will consider the following dataset showing six months’ sales of a super shop to create the column chart.

Dataset of how to create a column chart in Excel

Based on dimension column charts are two types. Both of them will explain in the later section.


1. How to Create a Column Chart in Excel: 2-D Column Chart

In this section, we will discuss how to create a column chart in Excel of type 2-D.

📌 Steps:

  • First, select range B4:C10.
  • Go to Insert >> Insert Column or Bar Chart from the Charts group.
  • Choose any of the charts from the 2-D Column section.

Creating a 2-D column chart

  • Look at the dataset to see the newly created chart.

2D column chart

This is a simple 2-D column chart.


2. How to Create a Column Chart in Excel: 3-D Column Chart

In this section, we will discuss how to create a 3-D column chart in Excel. See the section below.

📌 Steps:

  • First, select the range B4:C10 to create the chart.
  • Go to Insert >> Charts group >> Insert Column or Bar Chart.
  • Now, select any chart option from the 3-D Column section.

Creating a 3-D column chart

  • Back to the worksheet to see the 3-D chart.

3D column chart

This is the 3-D chart based on the dataset.


How to Create a Column Chart in Excel with Multiple Bars

We already showed how to create a column chart in Excel. But the previously created charts consist of a single column or bar. Now, we will create a column chart with multiple bars in Excel.

Updated dataset to create a column chart with multiple bars

📌 Steps:

  • Select range B5:E11 for multiple columns to compare.
  • Follow Insert >> Insert Column or Bar Chart of the Charts group.
  • Select any of the shown charts from the 2-D or 3-D Column section.

Creating column chart in Excel with multiple bars

  • Look at the chart.

Column chart in Excel with multiple bars

This column chart consists of multiple columns or vertical bars for each month. Columns of each month are filled with different colors so that we can identify them easily. There is also a legend below the chart for better understandability of the chart.


How to Customize Column Chart in Excel

There are lots of customization options available for column charts in Excel. Read the below section to see the basic customization options of a column chart in Excel.

1. Modify the Chart Title

We can modify the chart title. By default, Chart Title shows in a chart. Here, we have modified the chart title by Sales Analysis.

Modification of column chart title

The chart title is given based on the data and their relationship to understand the chart easily.


2. Change the Chart Design

The above chart is created with the default chart design. But we can modify the chart design according to our requirements.

  • For that, click on the chart and the Chart Design tab will show in the main tab.
  • Then, select any of the styles from the Chart Styles group.

Changing the Design of Column Chart

  • Look at the below chart.

Designed changed of column chart

The chart design has been changed here.


3. Change the Chart Text Color

We can change the text color of any column chart easily. There are two options. We can change the text color of a specific section or the whole chart.

  • If we want to change text color of the whole chart then select the chart. Or if we want to change the color of a specific section like the vertical axis, horizontal axis, title, legend, etc. then select the desired section.
  • Follow Format >> Shape Fill from the Shape Styles.
  • Now, choose any of the colors from the Theme Colors section.

Changing text color of column chart


4. Change the Legend and Axes Text

We can easily customize the legend and axes of a column chart in Excel.

  • Click on any axis of the chart and you will get the Format Axis window on the right side of the worksheet.
  • Now, you will get lots of options to customize the chart as per your requirement.

Customizing chart axis

  • Similarly, click on the Legend section of the chart, and the Format Legend window appears on the right side again.
  • From this window, you can customize the Legend feature of the chart.

Customizing chart legend


Different Types of Column Charts are Available in Excel

Column charts are classified into two types based on the dimension and discussed in the above section. But based on the presentation style, other varieties are available for both 2-D and 3-D column charts. For further, look at the section below.

1. Clustered Column Chart

This is the most common column chart. It is the representation of grouped data into multiple columns for each item or section. Look at the below section for 2-D and 3-D clustered column charts in Excel.

  • Select the desired range B5:E11 and go to the chart section as shown previously for creating a column chart.

Creating Clustered Column Chart

We can see the cluster column option in both the 2-D and 3-D Column sections.

2-D Clustered Column Chart:

2D Clustered Column Chart

3-D Clustered Column Chart:

3D Clustered Column Chart

Read More: Examples of Column Chart in Excel


2. Stacked Column Chart

A stacked column chart is a chart shown in a single column with stacks of different elements marked. This chart does not create a separate column for each element on the vertical axis.

  • We can see the Stacked Chart option in both the 2-D and 3-D Column sections.

Creating Stacked Column Chart

2-D Stacked Column Chart:

2D Stacked Column Chart

3-D Stacked Column Chart:

3D Stacked Column Chart

Read More: How to Create Graphs in Excel with Multiple Columns


3. 100% Stacked Column Chart

The 100% Stacked Column chart is a form of the stacked column chart. The stacked column chart shows the cumulative magnitude of the different elements. The 100% Stacked Column stands for percentage value, assuming the percentage value is 100%.

  • There are also 100% Stacked Column charts in 2-D and 3-D Column sections.

Creating 100% Stacked Column Chart

100% 2-D Stacked Column Chart:

100% 2-D Stacked Column Chart

100% 3-D Stacked Column Chart:

100% 3-D Stacked Column Chart

Read More: How to Create a Comparison Column Chart in Excel


4. Unstacked 3-D Column Chart (Using Z-Axis)

This is a default 3-D column chart of Excel.

  • You will get this in the 3-D Column section.

Creating Unstacked 3-D Column Chart

  • Look at the 3-D column chart.

Unstacked 3-D Column Chart

Read More: How to Sort Column Chart in Descending Order in Excel


How to Add Trendline in Excel Column Chart?

Trendline is a line drawn in a chart showing the trend of the dataset. This is the best fit line that is used for forecasting the dataset.

The column chart has a default option to add a trendline in Excel.

  • Click on the chart and you will see a plus (+) symbol at the upper-right side of the chart.
  • You will get the Chart Elements section and mark the Trendline option.

Adding Trendline in Excel Column Chart

The blue dotted line of the chart is the trendline here.

Read More: How to Change Width of Column in Excel Chart


How to Create a Column Chart with Secondary Axis?

We can add a secondary axis in a column chart or create a column chart with a secondary axis.

For that, we have modified the dataset. The 1st column shows the sales and the 2nd column is for the sales change in percentage. We will show both data in a single chart. Sales will be the primary axis, and Sales Change will be the secondary axis.

Update dataset to Create a Column Chart with Secondary Axis

📌 Steps:

  • Select range B4:D10 and create a column chart as shown before.

Creating a Column Chart with Secondary Axis

  • Look at the chart.

Column Chart without Secondary Axis

We can see the Sales data properly, but sales change is not showing. We will make the sales change data column the secondary axis.

  • Select the chart and press the right button of the mouse.
  • Choose the Change Chart Type option from the Context menu.

Changing chart type

  • Select Combo chart from the Change Chart Type window.
  • Mark the corresponding Secondary Axis box of the Sales Change series or column.

Selecting chart type

  • Finally, press the OK button and look at the combo chart.

Column Chart with Secondary Axis

Both data are easily visible in the dataset.

Read More: How to Create a Variable Width Column Chart in Excel


Frequently Asked Questions

1. How do I save my column chart as an image?

Ans: You can save your column chart as an image using any graphics software or using Microsoft’s default Paint application.

  • First, copy the chart from the worksheet.
  • Open the Paint application and paste that chart.
  • After that, save that file into the required format like PNG, JPEG, or any other format.

2. How to change column color of chart in Excel?

Ans: We can change the column color of a column chart easily.

  • Just click on the chart, and you will get some options at the upper right side of the chart.
  • Click on the Chart Style option and go to the Color section.
  • Now, choose the desired color.

Changing color of Column Chart


Things to Remember

  • For all of these types of charts, all the steps are the same except for choosing the chart type.
  • Switch Row/Column will change the Column Chart not the given data in Excel.
  • 3-D Column is only available for 3-D type.
  • We must select the entire data before selecting the chart type.
  • For the 100% Stacked Column Chart, the height of all the columns is the same since every field is considered in percentage and the total is 100%.

Download Practice Workbook

Download this practice workbook to exercise while you are reading this article.


Conclusion

Column Charts are a very useful feature in Excel if we want to analyze or differentiate our data. In this article, we described how to create a column chart in Excel of different types based on dimension and presentation. We also discussed how to customize a chart, add a secondary axis and trendline in Excel column charts. I hope this will satisfy your needs.


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Nasir Muhammad Munim
Nasir Muhammad Munim

Nasir Muhammad Munim has been an Excel and VBA Content Developer for over a year in Exceldemy and published more than 30 articles for the website. He is passionate about exploring new aspects of Excel and VBA. He received his Bachelor of Science in Electrical and Electronic Engineering from the Islamic University of Technology. Apart from creating Excel tutorials, he is interested in developing PostgreSQL, MySQL, and Android applications. He is fascinated by CAD-based designing systems and building... Read Full Bio

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