The **VLOOKUP** function is a game-changer when you have to retrieve information from a range of data in the same or **different worksheets**. The Excel **VLOOKUP** function is remarkably helpful when it comes to searching across worksheets for a definite value. Though this function is powerful it lacks a major feature. Its syntax allows this function for one lookup value at a time. But we can make some modifications to improvise this function to lookup in **multiple columns** and return only one value. Today we will discuss how to use the **VLOOKUP function** to return only one value from multiple columns in Excel.

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## VLOOKUP from Multiple Columns with Only One Return in Excel (2 Ways)

The “**VLOOKUP” **or** “Vertical Lookup”** function takes the input value, searches it in the worksheets, and returns the value matching the input. Sometimes we need to lookup only one value in multiple columns and return the value. The common **“VLOOKUP”** function does not allow its user to do it. But we can make some changes and can return only one value from multiple columns using **VLOOKUP**. We will now discuss two different ways to do it.

### 1. Using the Standard VLOOKUP to Return Only One value From Multiple Columns

Consider a situation where you are working in a supermarket. In your worksheet, you have **“Item ID”**, **“Product Name”** and **“Price”** of the products. Now you need to find out the **“Price”** of a specific **“Product” **with a specific **“ID”**. Let’s complete this task.

#### i. Using the VLOOKUP from Multiple Columns in the Same Worksheet

**Step-1:**

To complete the task, take this example like the given one in the screenshot.

**Step-2:**

Create a table anywhere in the worksheet where you want to get the price for the product **“Knife”** with ID **“M-04”**. We know that the VLOOKUP function only lookup for a value one column at a time. So to make the **“VLOOKUP” **return only one value from multiple columns, we need to make some changes. Create another column named **“Lookup Column” **which should be the **“LEFTMOST”** column in the **table array**. Because the **“VLOOKUP”** function always searches for value from left to right.

**Step-3:**

Apply the **“CONCATENATE”** function in the column** “Lookup_Value” **to merge the values in columns **“Item ID” **and **“Product”.**

Press **“Enter”** to get the merged values.

**Step-4:**

Now, in cell **“H5”**, apply the **“VLOOKUP”** function. Insert the values into the function and the final form is,

**=VLOOKUP(H3&H4, B4:E17,4,FALSE)**

Where,

**Lookup_value**is**H3&H4**. We use this Concatenate Operator**(“&”)**to help the**“VLOOKUP”**function to search in columns**“Item ID”**and**“Product”**simultaneously and return only one value.**table_array:**is**B4:E17****Col_index_num**is**2****[range_lookup]:**we want the exact match**(FALSE)**

Press **“Enter”**. Our Price for the criteria is retrieved.

#### ii. Using the VLOOKUP from Multiple Columns in the different Worksheets

Here we will do the same operation but in this case, the data array is in a different worksheet.

**Step-1:**

Create a table in another worksheet where you want to know the price using the **“VLOOKUP”** function.

**Step-2:**

In cell **“D5”** apply the **“VLOOKUP”** to return only one value from multiple column lookup.

The final formula is,

**=VLOOKUP(B5&C5,’M01′!B4:E17,4,FALSE)**

Where,

**Lookup_value**is**B5&C5**.**table_array:**is**‘M01’!B4:E17**. Click on the**“M01”**worksheet and select the table array.**Col_index_num**is**4****[range_lookup]:**we want the exact match**(FALSE)**

Get the price by pressing **“Enter”.**

**Similar Readings**

**VLOOKUP Not Working (8 Reasons & Solutions)****Excel LOOKUP vs VLOOKUP: With 3 Examples****Why VLOOKUP Returns #N/A When Match Exists? (5 Causes & Solutions)****INDEX MATCH vs VLOOKUP Function (9 Examples)****Use VLOOKUP with Multiple Criteria in Excel (6 Methods + Alternatives)**

### 2. Using Multiple VLOOKUP to Return Only One value From Multiple Columns

Another effective way to lookup multiple columns and return only one value is to use the multiple **“VLOOKUP”** functions. This formula is made by Nesting a **“VLOOKUP”** into another **“VLOOKUP”** function. We will now get familiar with this technique.

#### i. Using Multiple VLOOKUP from Multiple Columns in the Same Worksheet

First, we will learn this method where the columns are results both are in the same worksheet.

**Step-1:**

In the following example, consider two different tables where the **“Item ID”**, **“Product”** and **“Price”** are given. We will find the price from these columns using the nested **“VLOOKUP”** formula.

**Step-2:**

Make another table anywhere in the worksheet where you want to return the only value from multiple columns lookup.

**Step-3:**

In the cell **“I4”**, apply the nested **“VLOOKUP”** function.

The final formula is,

**=VLOOKUP(VLOOKUP(H4,B$4:C$17,2,FALSE),E$4:F$17,2,FALSE)**

Where,

**Lookup_value**is**VLOOKUP(H4,B$4:C$17,2,FALSE)**. Here, we use this second**“VLOOKUP”**to pull the**“Item ID”**from the table and then use this ID as a lookup value for the first**“VLOOKUP”****table_array:**is “**E$4:F$17”**.**Col_index_num**is**2****[range_lookup]:**we want the exact match**(FALSE)**

Press **“Enter”.** The** “VLOOKUP”** will not return only one value from multiple columns.

**Step-4:**

Now apply the same function for the rest of the **“Item ID”.**

**Read More:** **How to Use Nested VLOOKUP in Excel (3 Criteria)**

#### ii. Using Multiple VLOOKUP from Multiple Columns in the Different Worksheets

Now we will perform the same task but here in this case the data tables are in different worksheets.

**Step-1:**

Create two Data tables in two different worksheets. For the **“W1” **worksheet,

And for the** “W2”** worksheet.

**Step-2:**

Now create a table in a new worksheet where you want to return value from those multiple columns.

**Step-3:**

In cell **“E4”** apply the nested “VLOOKUP” function. Insert the values and the final form of the formula is,

**=VLOOKUP(VLOOKUP(D4,’W1′!B$4:C$17,2,FALSE),’W2′!B$4:C$17,2,FALSE)**

Where,

**Lookup_value**is**VLOOKUP(D4,’W1′!B$4:C$17,2,FALSE)**. This second**“VLOOKUP”**will pull the Item ID from the**“W1”****table_array:**is**‘W2’!B$4:C$17.****Col_index_num**is**2****[range_lookup]:**we want the exact match**(FALSE)**

Press **“Enter”** to return only **“Price”** from multiple columns lookup.

**Step-4:**

Select and Drag the mouse to apply the same formula for the rest of the **“Item ID”**.

## Quick Notes

➤ The VLOOKUP function always searches for lookup values from the leftmost top column to the right. This function **“Never”** searches for the data on the left.

➤If you enter a value less than **“1”** as the column index number, the function will return an error.

➤When you select your **“Table_Array”** you have to use the absolute cell references **($)** to “BLOCK” the array.

➤Always use the 4th argument as **“FALSE” **to get the exact result.

**Read More:** **VLOOKUP Example Between Two Sheets in Excel**

## Conclusion

The** VLOOKUP** function is one of the most useful and at the same time one of the most sophisticated functions in Excel. Today we used this amazing function to return only one value from multiple columns lookup. If you have any suggestions or thoughts you are most welcome to comment.