If you are looking for some of the easiest ways to match multiple columns in Excel then you might find this article beneficial. Sometimes it becomes necessary to search out a specific value in multiple columns in Excel. But doing this manually becomes tedious and inefficient. So, to do this you can follow any of the methods below for matching multiple columns in Excel easily.

**Table of Contents**hide

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## 5 Ways to Match Multiple Columns in Excel

Letâ€™s look at the table below. Here, I have used 5 columns named ** Location, Year, Fruits, Vegetables, Sales**. For any particular

**or**

*Fruits***you can use the following methods to match up other values corresponding to this**

*Vegetables,***Fruit**or

**Vegetable**from multiple columns.

__Method-1__: Using INDEX and MATCH function on Multiple Columns

Suppose, I want to get the** Sales **value corresponding to each item in the ** Products** column. To find this value you have to match up across multiple columns and use an

**Array formula**.

This formula includes **the COLUMN function**, **the TRANSPOSE function**, **the MMULT function**, **the MATCH function**, and **the INDEX function**.

** Step-01**:

âž¤Select the output

**Cell G5**

âž¤Type the following formula

`=INDEX($D$5:$D$7,MATCH(1,MMULT(--($B$5:$C$7=F5),TRANSPOSE(COLUMN($B$5:$C$7)^0)),0))`

Here, **â€“($B$5:$C$7=F5) **will generate **TRUE/ FALSE** for every value in the range depending on the criteria whether it is met or not and then** â€”** will convert **TRUE** and **FALSE** into **1** and** 0**.

It will form an array with 3 rows and 2 columns.

In this part, **TRANSPOSE(COLUMN($B$5:$C$7)^0)**, **COLUMN function **will create an array with 2 columns and 1 row, and then **TRANSPOSE function **will convert this array to 1 column and 2 rows.**Power zero** will convert all of the values in the array to **1**.

Then **the MMULT function **will perform matrix multiplication between these two arrays.

This result will be used by **the MATCH function** as the **array argument** with lookup value **1**.

Finally, the **INDEX function** will return the corresponding value.

** Step-02**:

âž¤Press

**ENTER**

âž¤Drag down the

**Fill handle**

** Result**:

Then you will get the following results.

đź““**Note:**For other versions except

**Microsoft 365**, you have to press

**CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER**instead of pressing

**ENTER**.

**Read More:** **Match Two Columns and Output a Third in Excel (3 Quick Methods)**

__Method-2__: Using Array Formula to Match Multiple Criteria

For matching up multiple criteria in multiple columns and getting the value of **Sales**, you have to use an **Array formula **which includes **the INDEX** and** MATCH function**.

** Step-01**:

âž¤ Select the output

**Cell H7**

âž¤Type the following formula

`=INDEX(F5:F11, MATCH(1, (H4=B5:B11) * (H5=C5:C11) * (H6=D5:D11), 0))`

Here, in **MATCH(1, (H4=B5:B11) * (H5=C5:C11) * (H6=D5:D11), 0)**, **1** is **lookup value**, **H4, H5, H6 **are the criterion which will be looked up in **B5:B11, C5:C11, **and **D5:D11 **ranges respectively and **0 **is for an **exact match.**

Then **the INDEX function** will give the corresponding value.

** Step-02**:

âž¤Press

**ENTER**and the following result will appear.

đź““**Note:**For other versions except

**Microsoft 365**, you have to press

**CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER**instead of pressing

**ENTER**.

**Read More:** **Excel formula to compare two columns and return a value (5 examples)**

__Method-3__: Using Non-Array Formula to Match Multiple Criteria

For matching up multiple criteria in multiple columns and getting the value of **Sales**, you can use a **Non-** **Array formula **which includes **the INDEX** and** MATCH function**.

** Step-01**:

âž¤Select the output

**Cell H7**

âž¤Type the following formula

`=INDEX(F5:F11, MATCH(1, INDEX((H4=B5:B11) * (H5=C5:C11) * (H6=D5:D11), 0, 1), 0))`

** Step-02**:

âž¤Press

**ENTER**and then you will get the following result.

**Related Content:** **Compare Three Columns in Excel and Return a Value(4 Ways)**

**Similar Readings:**

**Compare Two Columns in Excel and Highlight the Greater Value (4 Ways)****How to Compare Two Columns in Excel for Missing Values (4 ways)****How to Compare Two Columns and Return Common Values in Excel****Excel Macro to Compare Two Columns (4 Easy Ways)****How to Compare Two Columns in Excel for Match (8 ways)**

__Method-4__: Using Array Formula to Match Multiple Criteria in Rows and Columns

Now, assume you want to match up criteria in both row-wise and column-wise. For doing this, you have to use an **Array formula **which includes **the INDEX** and** MATCH functions**.

** Step-01**:

âž¤ Select the output

**Cell H8**

âž¤Type the following formula

`=INDEX(C6:E8, MATCH(H7,B6:B8,0), MATCH(H5&H6,C4:E4&C5:E5,0))`

**MATCH(H7, B6:B8,0)** is used for row-wise matching, and **MATCH(H5&H6, C4:E4&C5:E5,0) **is used for column-wise matching.

** Step-02**:

âž¤Press

**ENTER**and you will get the following result.

đź““**Note:**For other versions except

**Microsoft 365**, you have to press

**CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER**instead of pressing

**ENTER**.

**Read More:** **How to Compare 3 Columns for Matches in Excel (4 Methods)**

__Method-5__: Using VLOOKUP

Suppose, you want to know the corresponding **Year, Location,** and **Sales** value with respect to **Banana**. To get multiple values for one given data you have to use **the VLOOKUP function**.

** Step-01**:

âž¤Select the 3 output cells simultaneously;

**C10, D10, E10**

âž¤Type the following formula

`=VLOOKUP(B10,B4:E7,{2,3,4},FALSE)`

Here, **B10 **is** looku****p_value**, **B4:E7 **is the **table_array**, **{2,3,4} **is the **col_index_num **and **FALSE **is for **Exact match**.

** Step-02**:

âž¤Press

**ENTER**and you will get the following results.

**Note:**For other versions except

**Microsoft 365**, you have to press

**CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER**instead of pressing

**ENTER**.

**Read More:** **How to Compare Three Columns in Excel Using VLOOKUP**

## Practice Section

For doing practice by yourself we have provided a** Practice** section like below for each method in each sheet on the right side. Please do it by yourself.

## Conclusion

In this article, I tried to cover the easiest ways to match multiple columns in Excel effectively. Hope you will find it useful. If you have any suggestions or questions feel free to share them with us.

First method does not work for larger sets of data.

Hi

Exceler,Here, I tried the first method for 50 sets of data and it worked but you have to change the cell references based on your dataset. For your better understanding, I am attaching the images along with the formula.

`=INDEX($D$5:$D$30,MATCH(1,MMULT(--($B$5:$C$30=F5),TRANSPOSE(COLUMN($B$5:$C$30)^0)),0))`

The images of datasets

Here, I used the formula for the entire dataset. I changed the references based on my dataset.

Output for

50values:Note:If your dataset is very large kindly send us your datasetThanks

Shamima Sultana