# How to Compare Two Columns in Excel for Match (8 Easy Ways)

Consider the following dataset with 10 days of sales data from two different salesmen. Each of them sold one car per day which is given in columns B and C. We will compare these two columns to find out which models are sold by both of them on the same day or on different days.

### Method 1 – Conditional Formatting to Compare Two Columns in Excel for a Match

Steps:

• Select the cells you want to compare.
• Go to Home and select Conditional Formatting.
• Choose Highlight Cells Rules and pick Duplicates Values.

• The Duplicate Values box will appear. Select Duplicate from the left side box and click on OK.

• You can change the format if you want but we’ll keep it as is.
• The values that are common in both columns will be highlighted.

### Method 2 – Finding a Match in Two Columns by Simple Formula

Steps:

• To compare columns C and D, copy this formula in any empty cell in the row (E5),

`=C5=D5`

• Press Enter.
• If C5 and D5 have the same value,Â E5 will show TRUE. Otherwise,Â E5 will get FALSE.
• For our dataset, we have Toyota in cell C5 and Hundai in cell D5. They are different, so cell E5 is showing false.

• Drag cell E5 to the end of your dataset. It will apply the same formula in all other cells in column E.

### Method 3 – Compare Two Columns with the VLOOKUP Function

Steps:

• Copy the following formula in cell E5:

`=IFERROR(VLOOKUP(D5,\$C\$5:\$C\$14,1,0),"No Match")`

• Press Enter.
• If D5 has the same value as any of the values in Column C, E5 will show the value. If D5 has a unique value, E5 will show No match.
• For our dataset, Hundai is in cell D5, which is unique, so cell E5 is showing No match.

• Drag cell E5 to the end of your dataset.
• This will apply the same formula in all other cells in column E.

### Method 4 – IF Function for Comparing Two Columns in Excel

Steps:

• To compare columns C and D, copy the followingÂ formula in the result cell for the row (E5):

`=IF(C5=D5, "Match", "Mismatch")`

• Press Enter.
• Now, if the C5 and D5 cells have the same value, E5 will show Match. Otherwise, E5 will show Mismatch.
• For our dataset, we have Toyota in cell C5 and Hundai in cell D5.Â They are different, so cell E5 is showing Mismatch.

• Drag cell E5 to the end of your dataset.
• This will apply the same formula in all other cells in column E.

### Method 5 – Compare Two Columns for a Match with the MATCH Function

Steps:

• Copy the following formula in cell E5:

`=NOT(ISNUMBER(MATCH(D5,\$C\$5:\$C\$14,0)))`

• Press Enter.

• If D5 has the same value as any of the values in Column C, E5 will show FALSE, and if D5 has a unique value, E5 will show TRUE.
• For our dataset, Hundai in cell D5 is unique, so cell E5 is showing TRUE.

• Drag cell E5 to the end of your dataset.
• This will apply the same formula in all other cells in column E.

### Method 6 – Insert the INDEX Function to Compare Two Columns in Excel for a Match

Steps:

• Copy this formula in cell E5:

`=INDEX(C5:C14,MATCH(D5,C5:C14,0))`

• Press Enter.
• If the C5 and D5 cells have the same value,Â E5 will show the value. Otherwise, you’ll get a #N/A error.
• For our dataset, we have Toyota in cell C5 and Hundai in cell D5.Â  They are different, so cell E5 is showing #N/A.

• Drag the cell E5 toÂ the end of your dataset. It will apply the same formula in all other cells in column E.

### Method 7 – Compare Two Columns Through the Go to Special Command

Steps:

• Select the columns which you want to compare.
• Go to Home and select Editing.
• Choose Find & Select and pick Go to Special.

• The Go To Special box will appear.
• Select Row Difference and click OK.

• All the unique values in column D will be highlighted.

### Method 8 – Compare Two Columns with the EXACT Function

Steps:

• To compare columns C and D, copy this formula in any empty cell in the row (E5),

`=EXACT(C5,D5)`

• Press Enter.
• For our dataset, we have Toyota in cell C5 and Hundai in cell D5. They are different, so cell E5 is showing false.

• Drag cell E5 to the end of your dataset.

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Prantick Bala

PRANTICK BALA is a marine engineer who loves exploring Excel and VBA programming. Programming, to him, is a time-saving tool for efficiently managing data, files, and internet tasks. He is proficient in Rhino3D, Maxsurf, C++, MS Office, AutoCAD, Excel, and VBA and goes beyond the basics. Armed with a B.Sc in Naval Architecture & Marine Engineering from BUET, he has transitioned into the role of a content developer. Beyond his work, find him immersed in books, exploring new... Read Full Bio

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