# How to Find Difference Between Rows and Columns in Excel

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In this article, we will show the difference between rows and columns in Excel in tabular format. Moreover, you will learn about two easy methods for finding the difference. We will be using Microsoft 365 to do this; however, you can use any version of Microsoft Excel and follow this tutorial.

## Key Differences Between Rows and Columns in Excel

Vertical cells and horizontal cells in a spreadsheet are known as columns and rows, respectively. Normally, rows are marked with numbers, and columns are denoted as alphabets. Excel 365 has 1,048,576 rows and 16,384 columns (the last column is called XFD). The following animated image shows row 7 and column C.

The following table will show you the difference between those:

Particulars Rows Columns
Item Direction Left to right Top to bottom
Numbering Horizontal Vertical
Size Taller (1,048,576) Narrower (16,384)
Scrolling Horizontal Vertical
Name in RDBMS Record Field
Total Value Display Location To the right To the bottom
Example to SUM two Items =SUM(7:8) =SUM(C:D)

## How to Find Difference Between Rows and Columns in Excel: 2 Handy Approaches

Now we will show you two formulas to find the difference between two rows and columns in Excel. Firstly, we will use the SUM function to do this. Lastly, weâ€™ll use a generic formula to find the difference.

### 1. Using SUM Function to Find Difference Between Rows and Columns

We will use the SUM function three times to create a formula to find the difference between rows and columns in Excel. First, we need to use the SUM functions to find the rows and columns total. Secondly, subtract the resultant values. If we deleted some cells twice, we should add back those values to find the difference.

Steps:

• Firstly, type the following formula in cell G4.

`=SUM(10:11)-SUM(C:D)+SUM(C10:D11)`

• Finally, press Enter.

• Here, we have subtracted the cell range C10:D11 twice, so we added it back in the third SUM function.
• Consequently, this concludes the first method.

### 2. Applying Basic Formula to Find Difference Between Rows and Columns

We will apply a simple formula to find the difference between rows and columns. We need to add the values of the rows and columns. Then, we should subtract the values to find the goal of this article.

Steps:

• To begin with, type the following formula in cell G4.

`=(C10+C11+D10+D11+E10+E11)-(C5+C6+C7+D5+D6+D7)`

• Finally, press Enter.
• Thus, we will find the difference between the columns C and D and the rows 10 and 11.

• Additionally, keep in mind that this formula will not be feasible for larger values. So, you should use the formula from the first method for a bigger dataset.

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Rafiul Haq

Greetings! I am Rafiul, an experienced professional with an engineering degree and an MBA in finance. Data analysis is my passion, and I find Excel to be an invaluable tool in this domain. My goal is to simplify complex concepts by providing comprehensive and user-friendly guides on Excel and finance topics, aiming to enhance people's productivity and understanding at ExcelDemy.

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