While working with numbers that have decimal parts in Excel we need to round down those numbers for ease of calculation or decimal parts of the numbers are not required. We can easily round down the number with decimal parts or even the integers to the nearest 10th, 100th, or 1000th places if we know how to use Excel **ROUNDDOWN** function. In this article, I will explain 5 simple ways how to Use **Excel ROUNDDOWN** function so you can easily round down numbers according to your convenience

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**Introduction to the ROUNDDOWN Function****Function Objective:**

Rounds a number down, toward zero.

**Syntax:**

`=ROUNDDOWN(number, num_digits)`

**Argument Explanation:**

Argument | Required/Optional | Explanation |
---|---|---|

number |
Required | Any real number that you want to be rounded down. |

Â num_digits |
Required | Â The number of digits to which you want to round number. |

**Return Parameter:**

The rounded down value of the first argument(**number**) towards zero.

**5 Suitable Methods to Use ROUNDDOWN Function in**

**Excel**

Letâ€™s assume a scenario where we are working with the prices of shares of various companies enlisted in NASDAQ. The share prices of these companies have large decimal values and, in some cases, numbers themselves are too large to work with. We will learn 5 easy methods using Excel **ROUNDDOWN **function to round down these numbers. By the end of this article, we will be able to round down numbers to a specific decimal point, to the left of the decimal point, negative numbers, nesting inside the **ROUNDDOWN** function, and round down using variable digits to round the number to that digit.

**1. Rounded Down to the Right of the Decimal Point**

You might want to round down the numbers to a specific number of digits right to the decimal point. You can do that easily by following these steps:

**Step 1:**

- First, select the cell where you want the rounded value. It can be the cell whose value you want to be rounded down. In that case, the value of that cell will be updated after you have applied the
**ROUNDDOWN**. You can also use another cell to store the**Rounded Down**value so the actual will be preserved. In our Excel worksheet, we have selected cell**D5**to store our**Rounded Down**value.

**Step 2:**

- We want to round down the
**Changes in the Price**of shares for Tesla. That is cell**C5**. So, in selected cell**D5**or the**Insert Function**bar, we will write down the following formula.

`=ROUNDDOWN(C5,0)`

**Here,**

**C5 = Number = **The number we want to round down

**0 = num_digits = **The number of digits to which we want to round number. We want to round our number to** zero decimal places**.

- After entering the above formula, if we press enter we will see that the rounded down value of
**C5**is showing in cell**D5**under the column named**Rounded Value**.

**2. Round Down to Left of the Decimal Point**

You might want to round down the numbers left of the decimal points. This can be done following the same methods. But to round down the number left of the decimal point you have to put an extra negative sign (**â€“**) in from of the second argument **Num_digits**. You can round down to the nearest 10, 100, 1000, etc.

**Step 1:**

- We want to round down the value of cell
**C8**(Change in Price of shares for Google) to the**nearest 100**. That means we want to round down the value**2 decimal places**to the left of the decimal points. We will select**cell D8**to show our rounded-down value of**cell C8**.

**Step 2:**

- After selecting
**D8**, we will write down the following formula in that cell or the**Insert Function**

`=ROUNDDOWN(C8,-2)`

We have put **-2** as the second argument (**num_digits)** in the function **ROUNDDOWN**. We want to round down the value left of the decimal point. So we have added an extra negative sign in front of the 2.

- After entering the above formula, if we press enter we will see that the rounded down value of
**C8**is showing in cell**D8**under the column named**Rounded Value.**

**3. ROUNDDOWN Negative Numbers in Excel**

If we need to round down any negative numbers, that can also be done using the same formula.Â

**Step 1:**

- Letâ€™s say, we want to round down the value of cell
**C9**(Change in Price of shares for Facebook). It is a negative value that means the price of the share fell. We want to round down the value to**0 decimal places**. We will select cell**D9**to show our rounded-down value of cell**C9**.Â

**Step 2:**

- After selecting
**D9**, we will write down the following formula in that cell or the**Insert Function**formula bar:Â

`=ROUNDDOWN(C9,0)`

- Upon pressing
**ENTER**, We will find out that the rounded-down negative value of cell**C9**is shown in cell**D9**.Â

**4. Nesting inside the ROUNDDOWN Function**

Other operations and functions can be nested inside the **ROUNDDOWN** function. For example, we might want to divide the share price of Tesla in 2021 (cell** D5**)Â by the price in 2020 (cell** C5**) to find out how much the price has changed over the year. We might need to round the value to **zero decimal places** to clearly understand the change.

**Steps:**

- First, we will select cell
**E5**to show the rounded value in that cell. In that cell or the**Formula Bar**, we will write the following formula:

`=ROUNDDOWN(D5/C5,0)`

- Upon pressing
**ENTER**, we will find out that the rounded-down value is shown in cell**E5**.

**5. ROUNDDOWN with Variable Number Digits in Excel**

We might want to round down different values to a different number of digits. To do that, we can store the Numbers to be rounded down in one column and the** Num_digits** in another column.

**Steps:**

- In the worksheet below, we have created a column titled
**Variable Number Digit**. This column will store the different**num_digits**(**Second Argument of the Function**). - In the
**Rounded Value**column, we will select cell**E5**and write the following formula:

`=ROUNDDOWN(C5,D5)`

**Â ****C5 = Number = Number** we want to round down

**D5 = num_digits = **The number of digits to which we want to round number

- After pressing
**ENTER**, the rounded-down value will be shown in cell**E5**.

**ROUNDDOWN**function will round every cell below**E5**in the**Rounded Value**column according to the respective number in the same row under the**Variable Number Digit**

**Things to Remember**

**ROUNDDOWN**behaves like the**ROUND**function, except that it always rounds a number down.- If
**num_digits**is**greater than 0 (zero)**, then the function will round the number down to the specified number of decimal places. - It will round down the number to the nearest integer if
**num_digits equals to 0** - If
**num_digits**is**less than 0**, then the function will round the number down to the left of the decimal point

**Conclusion**

In this article, we have learned 5 easy ways to round down the number in Excel. I hope now you have a clear idea of how to use the **Excel ROUNDDOWN** function to round the number **right and left** of the decimal point, round **negative numbers**, how to **nest other operations and functions** inside the will round down **ROUNDDOWN** function, and how to use **variable num_digits** to round down different numbers to different values. If you have any queries or recommendations about this article, please do leave a comment below. Have a great day!!!