In certain circumstances, we prefer the rounded or approximate number rather than the exact number for making communication easier. The **ROUND** function returns a rounded numerical value. In this tutorial, Iâ€™ll discuss the basics of Excel **ROUND** function. More importantly, nine real-life examples will be shown with proper explanations. So that, you can adjust the formula in your dataset.

## Introduction to ROUND Function

Firstly, youâ€™ll see the syntax and argument of the function. If you insert the function after entering the equal sign (=), youâ€™ll see the following figure.

**Function Objective**

The **ROUND** function rounds a number based on the provided number of digits. Rounding up or rounding down is possible with the function.

**Syntax**

`=ROUND (number, num_digits)`

**Arguments Explanation
**

Arguments | Required/Optional | Explanation |
---|---|---|

number |
required | The number to round |

num_digits |
required | The number of digits to round the numeric argument to. |

**Return Value**

A rounded numerical value.

**Note. **

**The ROUND function**rounds down (when the number of digits is 1-4) and up (when the number of digits is 5-9). You may utilize**the ROUNDUP function**to always round up. On the other hand, you can use**the ROUNDDOWN function**to always round down a number.- The number of digits is a significant argument while using the
**ROUND**function. The output found by using the function depends on the number of digits that are shown in the following table.

Number of Digits | Forms of Rounding |
---|---|

>0 | Rounds to the decimal point |

0 | Rounds to the nearest integer |

<0 | Rounds to the nearest 10, 100, etc |

## How to Use ROUND Function in Excel: 9 Suitable Examples

Let us have a data set like this. We have the record of the several **product ID, Unit price**. Now we want to round the unit price. To do that, we will apply the **ROUND**, and **INT** functions. Hereâ€™s an overview of the dataset for our todayâ€™s task.

### Example 1: Using ROUND Function When Number of Digits Is Positive

Imagine the unit price of some products is given, you have to round the unit price based on the number of digits. As the number of digits is positive, youâ€™ll get a rounded number to the decimal point. Letâ€™s follow the instructions below to learn!

**Steps:**

- First of all, select cell
**E5**and write down the below**ROUND**function in that cell. The function is,

`=ROUND(C5,D5)`

- Here,
**C5**is the**unit price**whereas**D5**is the**number of digits**.

- Hence, simply press
**Enter**on your keyboard. As a result, you will get the output of**the****ROUND****function**. The return isÂ**89.6.**

- Further,
**AutoFill**the**ROUND**function to the rest of the cells in column**E.**

### Example 2: Applying ROUND Function When Number of Digits Is Negative

Again, if the number of digits is negative, youâ€™ll get the rounded price to the nearest multiple of 10, 100, 1000, etc. Simply repeat **method 1** to do that.

`=ROUND(C5,D5)`

### Example 3: Utilizing ROUND Function to Get Nearest Whole Number

If the number of digits is equal to zero, the **ROUND **function rounds the number to get the nearest whole number. Letâ€™s follow the instructions below to learn!

**Steps:**

- First of all, select cell
**D5**and write down the below**ROUND**function in that cell. The function is,

`=ROUND(C5,0)`

- Hence, simply press
**Enter**on your keyboard. - After that, you will get the output of
**the****ROUND****function**. The output is**90.**

- Further,
**AutoFill**the**ROUND**function to the rest of the cells in column**D.**

### Example 4: Rounding a Number to Two Decimal Places

Sometimes, you may be told to round a number to two decimal places. Just use **2** as the **number of digits**.

`=ROUND(C5,2)`

- Where
**C5**is the**number**and**2**is the**num_digits**of the**ROUND**function.

### Example 5: Using ROUND Function to Get a Specific Value

If you guys need to determine a specific rounded value, e.g., to the nearest** 0.99,** you can use the **ROUND** function to get that value. Letâ€™s follow the instructions below to learn!

**Steps:**

- First of all, select cell
**D5**and write down the below**ROUND**function in that cell. The function is,

`=ROUND(C5,0)-0.01`

**Formula Breakdown:**

**ROUND(C5,0)**rounds to the**90**.- After subtracting
**01**, youâ€™ll get the desired number.

- Further, simply press
**Enter**on your keyboard. As a result, you will get the output of**the****ROUND****function**. The output is**89.99.**

- Further,
**AutoFill**the**ROUND**function to the rest of the cells in column**D.**

### Example 6: Round Up a Number to the Nearest 10/100/1000

#### i. Round Up to the Nearest 10

If you wish to find the rounded number to the nearest multiple of **10**, the number of digits will be **-1**.

`=ROUND(C5,-1)`

#### ii. Round Up to the Nearest 100

Again, for finding the rounded number to the nearest multiple of **100**, the number of digits will be** -2**.

`=ROUND(C5,-2)`

#### iii. Round Up to the Nearest 1000

Furthermore, you can calculate the rounded number to the nearest **1000** or multiple of that. In such a situation, the number of digits will be **-3**.

`=ROUND(C5,-3)`

### Example 7: Rounding Time in Excel Using ROUND Function

You can also use the **ROUND** function for rounding time to hours like rounding the number.

As Excel stores the dates and times as serial numbers, the function calculates the time as the serial number. You may use the **Format Cells** (pressÂ ** CTRL+1 **) to show the number as a time.

#### i. Rounding to the Nearest Hour

As you know, a day has **24** hours. Thus the formula will be like the following.

`=ROUND(D5*24,0)/24-INT(D5)`

Here, the **INT** function is used to subtract the value of dates.

- Now, We will format these fraction values. To do that, select the cells to range from
**D5**to**D9**and copy this range using theÂ**Ctrl + CÂ**keyboard shortcut. Hence, paste the copied portion using theÂ**Ctrl + PÂ**simultaneously.

- After that, select the cells that range from
**E5**to**E9**, and pressÂ**Ctrl + 1Â Â**simultaneously.

- As a result, a
**Format Cells**dialog box will appear in front of you. From the**Format Cells**dialog box, do like the below screenshot.

- Finally, you will be able to format the fraction values into
**h:mm**format.

#### ii Rounding to the Nearest 15 Minutes

Besides, you can round time to the nearest **15** minutes. Needless to say, a day has **96** times of **15** minutes. So that the formula will be:

`=ROUND(C5*96,0)/96`

### Example 8: Rounding Total of Two Numbers Applying ROUND Function

In some cases, you may need to consider two or more numbers (e.g. price in June and price in July) for rounding. You may use the following formula in case of finding a rounded number of the total value of the numbers.

`=ROUND(C5+D5,0)`

### Example 9: Rounding Quotient of Two Numbers Using ROUND Function

Once more, you may have to calculate the rounded number in case of the quotient of two numbers. The formula will be:

`=ROUND(D5/C5,0)`

## Common Errors While Using ROUND Function

**#VALUE! error**occurs when the text is inserted as input

**Download Excel Workbook**

## Conclusion

This is how you can apply the** Excel ROUND** function to get the row number. If you have an interesting and unique method of using the **ROUND** function, please share it in the comments section below. Thanks for being with me.

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