# Balance Sheet Format for Construction Company in Excel

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In every business, itâ€™s a most important task to make the balance sheet every year. Making the balance sheet is more or less the same for every business. So, the balance sheet format for a construction company is nothing different from the other balance sheets. In this tutorial, weâ€™ll show you the easiest way to make a balance sheet format for a construction company in Excel with an organized dataset.

## What Is a Balance Sheet?

In financial calculation, a balance sheet is a financial statement at a specific point in time that shows the details of a companyâ€™s assets, liabilities, or shareholdersâ€™ equities. On the other hand, we can say it is the detailed income and expenditure over the preceding period. Among the three major financial statements, it is one of them along with the income statement and the cash flow statement which are used to evaluate the performance of a business.

## Steps to Make a Balance Sheet Format for Construction Company in Excel

Hereâ€™s the basic format for the balance sheet of a construction company. The Assets section has three parts, and the Liabilities section has also three parts. Now weâ€™ll insert the corresponding amounts in the section and will calculate the total assets and liabilities to fulfill the format.

### Step 1: Insert Current Assets

First, weâ€™ll insert the amount for the current assets. A current asset is a term on a companyâ€™s balance sheet that might be cash, equivalent to cash, or something that can be converted into cash within a year. In our format, this section has 6 terms- Cash, Certificate of deposit, Account receivable, Short-term investments, Inventory, and Prepaid expenses.

These assets are added just for example purposes, if you have more current assets then feel free to add in this part. Now insert the corresponding amount for each term.

### Step 2: Insert Net Property and Equipment

Shortly it is called the Net PP&E, which means all kinds of physical assets that a company buys like lands, buildings, furniture, and electric equipment to run a business. It is actually a non-current asset. We inserted a total amount for this section. If you have different parts then add them under this section.

### Step 3: Insert Other Assets

Next, insert the other assets like Income tax and other taxes, etc.

### Step 4: Calculate Total Assets

Different sections for the assets are inserted, now weâ€™ll calculate the total assets by using the SUM function. After getting the total assets, weâ€™ll be able to compare them with the liabilities. So, insert the following formula in Cell C16 and hit the ENTER button-

`=SUM(C6:C15)`

### Step 5: Insert Current Liabilities

The debts or obligations that will have to be paid to creditors within one year are called a companyâ€™s current liabilities. We inserted different current liabilities here like Account payable, Income tax payable, Short-term loans, etc. Then insert the corresponding values of them.

### Step 6: Insert Long-Term Liabilities

Long-term liabilities are also known as long-term debts. It is the debts that a company owes third-party creditors that have to pay beyond 12 months. This difference from the current liabilities is that a company must pay current liabilities within 12 months. Here, we inserted the amounts for the Long-term debt, Income tax, and other debts.

### Step 7: Calculate Total Liabilities

At this moment, weâ€™ll calculate the total liabilities by adding the Current liabilities and Long-term liabilities using the SUM function again. So, insert the following formula in Cell E14 and press the ENTER button-

`=SUM(E6:E13)`

### Step 8: Insert Stockholderâ€™s Equity

It is the asset amount that is remaining in a business after settling all the liabilities. We can calculate it as the capital that is given to a business by the companyâ€™s shareholders, along with the donated capital and other earnings achieved by different operations of the business. We inserted the total shareholdersâ€™ equity amount in Cell E15.

### Step 9: Calculate Total Liabilities and Equity

Before comparing with the total assets weâ€™ll have to find the total liabilities and equity by adding Stocholderâ€™s equity and Total liabilities. For that, weâ€™ll take the help of the SUM function of Excel. In Cell E16, write the following formula and hit the ENTER button-

`=SUM(E14:E15)`

For a perfect balance sheet, the total amount of assets and liabilities will be the same. We are seeing that the total assets and total liabilities matched, which means thereâ€™s no mistake in our calculation.

## Why Do We Need a Balance Sheet?

• The interested parties can have an idea about the company by seeing its balance sheet to take decisions for investment.
• It helps the bank to take decisions for giving a loan by analyzing the companyâ€™s financial ability. If the balance sheet qualifies then the bank agrees to give loans.
• The balance sheet helps to determine the risks and returns of a company.
• A balance sheet helps to calculate the other useful ratios for other financial calculations.

You can download the free Excel workbook from here and practice independently.

## Conclusion

Thatâ€™s all for the article. I hope the procedures described above will be good enough to make a balance sheet format for a construction company in Excel. Feel free to ask any question in the comment section and please give me feedback.

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Md. Sourov Hossain Mithun

Hello! I am Md. Sourov Hossain Mithun. Currently, I am working at Exceldemy as an Excel and VBA Content Developer. Excel is an amazing software to learn or work. Here, I will post Excel related useful articles. I am a graduate of Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. I love to learn new things and work with them. Thank you.

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