How to Use Excel QUOTIENT Function (4 Suitable Examples)

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Excel QUOTIENT function falls under the Math & Trig category. The function takes two arguments: numerator (i.e., dividend) and denominator (i.e., divisor). The function works in a way that always maintains the following relation.

Dividend = Divisor * Quotient + Remainder

Quick view-Excel QUOTIENT Function

In this article, we’ll discuss the instances and tricks to enable you to use the QUOTIENT function more efficiently.

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Excel QUOTIENT Function: Syntax and Arguments

⦽ Function Objective:

Return the integer part of a division without remainder

⦽ Syntax:

QUOTIENT(numerator, denominator)

quotient syntax-Excel QUOTIENT Function

 ⦽ Arguments Explanation:

Argument Required/Optional Explanation
numerator Required Dividend: the number to be divided
denominator Required Divisor: the number to divide by

⦽ Return Parameter:

Integer numeric value

⦽ Applies To:

 Microsoft Excel version 2003, Excel MAC version 2011, and onwards.

4 Suitable Examples to Use the Excel QUOTIENT Function

Example 1: Excel QUOTIENT Function Returns Only Integer Quotients

The QUOTIENT function returns only the integer part of a division. The function encounters #VALUE! and #DIV! errors in certain cases.

Paste the following formula in any adjacent cell (i.e., D6)


In the formula,



You can use any rational or irrational number as numerator and denominator. Any non-numeric and blank or zero (0) denominators value result in errors.

Only integer quotient -Excel QUOTIENT Function

Press ENTER, afterward Drag the Fill Handle. You’ll see QUOTIENT returns all the integers except blank and zero denominators and non-numerical.

Formula result

Now, if you want to comprehend the main issue with the QUOTIENT function, type the below formula in any adjacent cell (i.e., E6) then Press ENTER and Drag the Fill Handle.


B6/C6; numerator/denominator returns the whole value of the division.

The QUOTIENT function only returns the 1st integer part of a division as shown in the below picture.

Final Result-Excel QUOTIENT Function

Read More: 44 Mathematical Functions in Excel (Download Free PDF)

Example 2: QUOTIENT Returns Remainder

From the previous example, we see that QUOTIENT ignores the remainder of a division. However, we can fetch the remainder using the QUOTIENT function. In this case, we use previous data to bring out the remainder of a division. We subtract the QUOTIENT result from the Division Operator (/) result to get the remainder.

Write the following formula in any adjacent cell (i.e., E6)


In the formula,

B6/C6; returns the whole result of the division.

QUOTIENT(B6,C6); returns only the integer part of the division.

Returns remainder-Excel QUOTIENT Function

 ➧ Hit ENTER then Drag the Fill Handle to bring out the remainders.

Fill handle

We show the applied formulas besides the resultant values as shown in the following image to clarify the whole calculation.

Used formula

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Example 3: Returns Customized Value in Case of Error Occur

In the dataset, we have multiple errors, and we don’t want to show them in results. Therefore, we can set a custom value to appear instead of the errors. We combine the QUOTIENT function with the IFERROR function to do the job.

Write the following formula in any blank cell (i.e., E6).

=IFERROR(QUOTIENT(B6,C6),"Input Error")

The formula shows “Input Error” in case any errors occur in the dataset.


Hit ENTER and Drag the Fill Handle. The customized value will appear in cells where any errors occur.

Customized value-Excel QUOTIENT Function

You can set any customized value to appear in order to hide the errors.

Read More: 51 Mostly Used Math and Trig Functions in Excel

Example 4: QUOTIENT Used in VBA Macro Code

The QUOTIENT function has its own VBA Macro format to work with. We can enter any numeric as numerator or denominator in the code directly and it’ll result only in the integer part of the division ignoring the remainder. The macro format of the QUOTIENT function


Press ALT+F11 altogether to open up the Microsoft Visual Basic window. In the Microsoft Visual Basic window, Select Insert (from the toolbar) > Choose Module.

Module insertion

In the Module, Paste the following VBA Macro code and Hit F5 to run the code.

Sub example_quotient()
Range("D6").Value = Application.WorksheetFunction.Quotient(10, 3)
End Sub

macro code

We directly enter numeric values as numerator and denominator. You can enter random values to execute the macro code.

Return to the worksheet, you’ll see the integer part of the division in cell D6.

Result-Excel QUOTIENT Function

⧬ Difference Between Quotient Function and Division Operator:

Aspects QUOTIENT Division Operator
Expression QUOTIENT(numerator, denominator) “/”
Return Value Returns only the Integer part of a quotient Returns whole the quotient with decimals

quotient vs operator

⧭ Things to Keep in Mind

🔄 The #VALUE! error occurs when either argument is non-numeric.

🔄 In order to return only the remainder use the MOD function.

🔄 In case the denominator is referred to as zero (0) or empty cell, QUOTIENT results #DIV! Error.

🔄 The arguments can either be rational or irrational.

🔄 In case of negative values,

🔺 If numerator and denominator are both negative, QUOTIENT returns positive (+) integers.

🔺 If either of the numerator or denominator is negative, QUOTIENT returns negative (-) integers.

negative value


I hope the above-described uses of the QUOTIENT function intrigue you to use the function more efficiently. If you have further queries or feedback, please let me know in the comment section. You can check out my other articles on the Exceldemy website.

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Maruf Islam
Maruf Islam

My self, Maruf Islam, an engineer and Excel & VBA Content developer on Exceldemy. I enjoy solving problems, finding workable solutions, and most of the part I really like to take on challenges. On Exceldemy I write articles discussing various way outs of Microsoft Excel's stuck ons.

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