**MS Excel** provides us with various functions to help us customize the case of the text. Among them, the **LOWER **function is used to change the case of existing text to lowercase. This article will share the complete idea of how the **LOWER **function works in Excel independently and then with other Excel functions.

**LOWER Function in Excel (Quick View)**

## Download Practice Workbook

**Excel LOWER Function: Syntax & Arguments**

**Summary**

Converts all the letters in a text string to lowercase.

**Syntax**

`=LOWER(text)`

**Arguments**

Argument |
Required or Optional |
Value |
---|---|---|

text |
Required | Pass the text which will be converted to lowercase. |

**Note: **All letters in the text are converted to lowercase.

**5 Ideal Examples of Using LOWER Function in Excel**

The function will return the text string supplied in lowercase. The **LOWER** Function is categorized under **Excel TEXT functions**.

**1. Convert a Text into Lowercase Using LOWER Function**

Let’s have a product list with their **ID**, **NAME**, and **Price**. All the product name is in capital letters. Now our task is to convert all the product names into lowercase using the **LOWER **function.

**STEPS:**

- Firstly, select the cell where you want to put the formula. In our case, we select cell
**E5**. - Secondly, enter the formula into that cell.

`=LOWER(E4)`

- Thirdly, press
**Enter**.

- Drag the
**Fill Handle**icon down to duplicate the formula over the range. Or, to**AutoFill**the range,**double-click**on the plus (**+**) symbol.

- Finally, you will able to see that all the letters are converted to lowercase.

**2. Change Alphanumeric Text into Lowercase in Excel**

Let’s assume our **ID** for each product contains alphanumeric values. The alphabets on the IDs are in uppercase form. Now our task is to convert all the alphabets into lowercase.

**STEPS:**

- To begin with, choose the cell
**E5**and enter the formula in the cell.

`=LOWER(E5)`

- Then, hit the
**Enter**button on your keyboard.

- Likewise, in the previous example, to copy the formula over the range, drag the
**Fill Handle**symbol downward. Alternatively, you can**double-click**the addition (**+**) sign to**AutoFill**the range. - Thus, you can the result in column
**E**.

**Read More:** **How to Use UPPER Function in Excel (4 Examples)**

**3. Create Email Addresses from Names Using Excel LOWER Function**

Sometimes we may need to create emails using names for any organization or group. Let’s consider we have a dataset of employees with their **ID**, **First Name**, and **Last Name.** Now, our task is to create emails for these employees using their names.

**STEPS:**

- In the first place, input the following formula in cell
**E5**.

`=LOWER(B4&"."&C4&"@"&"xyz.com")`

- Further, press
**Enter**.

- Consequently, copy it down to
**E10**. - Lastly, the result will appear in that column.

**Formula Explanation**

In the parameter of this **LOWER** function ampersand (**&**) is used to concatenate formula and text.

**Read More:** **How to Use CONCATENATE Function in Excel (4 Examples)**

**4. Transform Dates into Lowercase Using LOWER Function**

By default, the **LOWER **function is not capable of changing dates from upper to lower format. But this is possible using another function with this **LOWER **function named **TEXT function**. Let’s see how we can change the format of the product’s delivery date.

**STEPS:**

- Likewise, in the earlier examples, select cell
**E5**and enter the formula into that cell.

`=LOWER(TEXT(C4,"mmmm d, yyyy"))`

- Hit
**Enter**.

- After that, drag the
**Fill Handle**icon to copy the formula over the range. Or,**double-click**on the plus (**+**) sign. This also duplicates the formula. - Subsequently, the date will convert to lowercase.

**Formula Explanation**

**TEXT(C4,”mmmm d, yyyy”)**this portion of the formula converts the dates of the C column into text. Where the format of the text is**“mmmm d, yyyy”**.- Lastly, the
**LOWER**function converts the text into lowercase.

**Similar Readings**

**How to Use CODE Function in Excel (5 Examples)****Use Excel EXACT Function (6 Suitable Examples)****How to Use FIXED Function in Excel (6 Suitable Examples)****Use CLEAN Function in Excel (10 Examples)****How to use TRIM function in Excel (7 Examples)**

### 5. Convert Text with Range in Excel

In this example, we will see that we can easily use the range in the **LOWER** function in excel. Let’s follow the instructions.

**STEPS:**

- To begin with, choose the cell
**E5**and input the formula there.

`=LOWER(C5:C10)`

- Then, press
**Enter**. - And, Lastly, the names will automatically change into lowercase in the range.

## Alternatives to Excel LOWER Function: Flash Fill Feature and VBA LCase

**1. Flash Fill to Change Text into Lowercase in Excel**

Excel provides the option of using flash fill which made our task easier. Let’s assume we need to convert all the names using flash fill.

**STEPS:**

- In the beginning, type the first cell text in lowercase format manually.
- Then, go to the second cell and try to type the name. There you will get suggestions like this.

- Finally, press
**Enter**and see the output.

**2. VBA Code to Convert Text into Lowercase in Excel**

Using VBA code, we can easily make our tasks more efficient and automated. Here we will see how to use VBA code to convert any text into lowercase. We will convert all the employee names into lowercase.

**STEPS:**

- Firstly, select the names that you want to change.

- Further, go to the
**Developer**tab and select the**Visual Basic**option.

- Then, select
**Module**under the**Insert**option.

- Consequently, paste the code into the VBA window.

**Code:**

```
Sub Lowercase()
For Each Cell In Selection
If Not Cell.HasFormula Then
Cell.Value = LCase(Cell.Value)
End If
Next Cell
End Sub
```

- After that,
**Run**the code (Shortcut**F5**).

- Finally, go to the worksheet and see the output.

**Code Explanation**

**For Each Cell In Selection**using this, we are iterating through the selected cells.**If Not Cell.HasFormula Then**this portion is checking whether it is a selected cell or not.**Cell.Value = LCase(Cell.Value)**this part converts them into lowercase using the LCase function.**End If**this terminates the if statement.

**Common Errors While Using Excel LOWER Function**

Common Errors |
When they show |
---|---|

#NAME |
This will appear if you did not enter the function name properly. |

#REF! |
It will appear if a LOWER function formula is used between two different workbooks and the source workbook is closed. |

**Conclusion**

That’s all about the **LOWER **function. Here I have tried to give a summary of this function and its different applications. I have shown multiple methods with their respective examples but there can be many other iterations depending on numerous situations. If you have any inquiries or feedback, please let us know in the comment section.