There are a number of functions in Excel to make operations simpler, easier and speedy. Today we are going to show you how to use the **WORKDAY** function. For the session, we are using Excel 2019, you can use your preferred version (at least Excel 2003).

The **WORKDAY** function can be used for generating future or past working days. Without further ado, let’s get to know about the function.

**Table of Contents**hide

## Practice Workbook

You are welcome to download the practice workbook from the link below.

## WORKDAY Function in Excel

### 1. Basics of WORKDAY Function

The **WORKDAY **function is categorized under **Date & Time **functions. It returns a date that is n working days in the future or the past.

#### Summary

Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays.

#### Syntax

**WORKDAY(start_day,days,[holidays])**

#### Arguments

Argument |
Required or Optional |
Description |
---|---|---|

start_date | Required | The date from which to start |

days | Required | The working days before or after start_date. Positive numbers for future dates, negative for past dates |

holidays | Optional | A list of dates that should be considered non-work days |

#### Version

Workable from Excel version Excel 2003

### 2. Use of WORKDAY Function

The **WORKDAY **function can be used in various operations. Let’s see some of them.

#### I. Generate a Sequence of Workdays

We can generate a sequence of workdays using the function.

We inserted a date. You can see the workday of the date. We will generate the sequence of working days from this date.

The formula for our task will be

`=WORKDAY(date,1)`

We want a consecutive sequence so we are going to use 1 in the *days *field.

Let’s write the formula in Excel.

Using the formula we have found the next working date. We have used **Cell Reference **in the formula.

Keep writing the formula to find the sequence you want.

Notice that after Friday it has generated Monday. The **WORKDAY **function generally identifies Saturday and Sunday as weekends (the US form). So, it returned Monday to Friday and then repeated.

#### II. Generate Workdays after given days

We can generate workdays from a date after any certain number of given days.

Let’s have a few dates and the number of days that denotes the working day we are searching for from the given date.

Since we have two inputs, start date, and number of days our formula will be

`=WORKDAY(start date, number of days)`

Write the formula in Excel.

We have written the formula using **Cell Reference. **You can see our start date was 02-07-2021 and the number of days was 4. Our result is 08-07-2021.

You can see the difference between the two dates, they are not 4. As the name suggests **WORKDAY **only produces working days of a week; it discards Saturday and Sunday from working day.

Write the formula for the rest of the values.

#### III. Generate Next Working Day

We can produce the next working day from a date using the **WORKDAY **function.

To show you examples, let’s have a few days. From these dates, we will find the next workday.

To find the next date we need to use 1 in our days field.

`=WORKDAY(start_date,1) `

Write the formula in Excel.

We have found the next workdays from the provided date.

Do the same for the rest of the values.

#### IV. Find the Next Working day comparing Holidays

Previously we have seen how to generate next working day, go keep things more advanced we can produce next working day comparing holidays.

We have introduced a list of holidays to our dataset.

Our aim is if any of the derived date **WORKDAY(start_date,1) **matches in the holidays list that day will be eliminated from the working day and search for another workday.

The formula will be something like below

`=WORKDAY(start_date,1,holidays)`

Write the formula in Excel.

We have found the next working date. Since we are using a similar dataset in the previous section, you can see that the result has been changed.

Earlier for 02-07-2021, our next working day was 05-07-2021, but now 05-07-2021 in the *Holidays*, and that’s why it was not counted as a workday. We have found 06-07-2021 as the next working day after 02-07-2021.

Do the same for the rest of the values.

You can see *Holidays* have an impact on the next working date.

Last two examples we have derived the very next working day, if you need after a certain amount just change the values of the *days *parameter. (In the above image we found the 7th working day)

#### V. Check whether a day is a Holiday or a Working day

You can check whether a day is a holiday or a working day using the **WORKDAY **function.

To check we need to apply a condition statement. The **IF **function will be helpful for condition checks.

Our formula will be

`=IF(WORKDAY(date-1,1,holidays)=date,"Working Day","Holiday")`

We are using **date-1** in the start_day field of **WORKDAY **so that the function can eventually return that very date.

Then we have checked the derived date from our given date. If they match we set it to return *Working Day, Holiday *otherwise.

Here 01-07-2021 was listed in the *Holidays. *And our formula identified it as a holiday. Do the same for the rest of the values.

We have instructed you to write the formula just to perform the practice. The more you practice the more skillful you will be.

**Read more:** **How to Use DAY Function in Excel**

### 3. Quick Notes

You need to keep several things in mind while using any function, so do for **WORKDAY, **here are some honorable mentions.

#### I. Ways to insert dates in WORKDAY

You can insert dates in **WORKDAY **in various ways. Previously we have provided dates using **Cell Reference. **

You can input your dates directly as in the image below.

We have inserted the date. You might have understood the reason for using 1. Yes, we are aiming to produce the next day.

We have found the next day. Direct date input into the function worked perfectly.

You can input the date using the **DATE **function. Visit this article to know more about **DATE. **

We have used **DATE **inside the **WORKDAY **function. This time we are aiming for the 7th working day from the given date.

If you want to find the next ( or any other, change the days value) working day from the current day, feel free to use **TODAY. **

**TODAY **returns the present-day dynamically in Excel. Please visit our **TODAY** article to know things deeper.

We have inserted the **TODAY **function within **WORKDAY. **And 10 in the days parameter. it returned our desired future work date (see the image below).

We are creating this article on 3 August 2021, 10th working day from this day is 17 August 2021.

#### II. Common Problems

**#VALUE! Error :**

If you provide a value in the function which is not a valid date then this error will appear.

Let’s insert a text string within **WORKDAY. **

To use **Cell Reference **we have written *hello *in a cell.

Insert the string the **WORKDAY **function.

This will return a **#VALUE! **error. Since the string is not a valid date.

Let’s see another example. This time use a date.

Use the function for this date.

We have written the date in **yyyy-dd-mm** format. Which is not a valid date format in Excel in the US region. So, it returned the error.

**#NUM! Error**

If the supplied start_date and/or the supplied days argument results in an invalid date then this error occurs.

We have inserted 03-08-2021 in the function. But the function cannot detect it properly and so returns an invalid date. And the **#NUM!** error occurred.

## Conclusion

That’s all for today. We have tried showing how you can use the **WORKDAY **function to find the workdays. You can use the function from very basic operation to advanced situation, nesting with other functions. Hope you will find this helpful.

Feel free to comment if anything seems difficult to understand. Let us know any of your **WORKDAY **function-related scenarios where you have stuck, we are ready to help.

## Further Readings

**How to Use the Excel DAYS Function with a Practical Example****Use DATEDIF Function in Excel (2 Examples)****How to Use WORKDAY.INTL Function in Excel (A Complete Guideline)****Use WEEKDAY Function in Excel ( With 8 Examples)****How to Use NETWORKDAYS Function in Excel (3 Suitable Examples)****Use NETWORKDAYS.INTL Function in Excel (2 Examples)**