In Excel, we apply basic to complex formulas. Depending on the scenario use of the formula changes. In case you have any formula dependent on multiple variables, and you want to see how the changes occur with the change of the inputs. You may change all variables individually which is time-consuming. So you can use the Data Table feature from the Excel ribbon. You can use the What-If Analysis tool to observe all values outcomes at a glance. In this article, I’m going to show you an example(s) of an Excel data table

To make the explanation of the examples clearer, I’m going to use the information of any company, Capital, Growth Per Year, Total Revenue, Years, and Revenue in Years.

## Information of Excel Data Table

Before diving into the examples, I want to give some basic ideas of the data table. There are 2 types of data tables.

➤ **One-Variable Data Table**

One variable data table allows testing a series of values for a single input cell; it can be either the **Row input cell **or **Column input cell **and shows how those values change the result of a related formula.

*It is best suited when you want to see how the eventual result changes when you change the input variables.*

➤ **Two-Variable Data Table**

A two-variable data table allows testing a series of values for a double input cell; You can use both the **Row input cell **and **Column input cell **and shows how changing two input values of the same formula changes the output

It is best suited when you want to see how the eventual result changes when you change two input variables.

## Example of Excel Data Table: 6 Criteria

**1. One Variable Data Table Example – Generating Total Revenue**

I’m going to show you an example of an Excel data table by using one variable data of a company. I want to observe the total revenue changes if I use different growth percentages.

As I have the information of *Capital* and *Growth Per Year* of the company. Now, I want to know how the *Total Revenue* will change for the given percentages.

First, by using the value of *Capital* and *Growth Per Year *I’ll determine the Total Revenue.

⏩ In cell **C5**, type the following formula.

`=C3+C3*C4`

Here, I multiplied the *Capital* with the *Growth Per Year* and then added the result with the *Capital *to get the *Total Revenue*.

Press **ENTER**, and you will get the *Total Revenue* for the year with 13% growth.

Now, I want to perform a What-If-Analysis to see how the *Total Revenue* will change if I use the *Growth Per Year* ranging from 13% to 17% depending on the *Capital* amount of the company.

To apply one variable data table, place the formula of *Total Revenue* in cell **F4**.

➤ Select range **E4:F10 **to apply the data table.

➤ Open **Data **tab **>>** **Forecast >>** Go to **What-If-Analysis** **>>** Select **Data Table**.

➤ A dialog box will pop up.

From there select any input cell. I want to see the changes in the column depending on growth per year.

➤ I selected **C4 **in the **Column input cell** box.

➤ Finally, click **OK**.

__Result__

Hence, you will get the *Total Revenue* for all the selected percentages at a glance.

**2. One Variable Data Table Example – Observing Revenue Change**

In the above example, I have shown you how the *Total Revenue* changes depending on different growth percentages.

Now, I will show you how the *Total Revenue* will change If I use *Capital *ranging from 50,000 to 100,000 while keeping the *Growth Per Year* at 13%.

To apply one variable data table, place the formula of *Total Revenue* in cell **F4**.

Insert the formula in cell **F4**.

➤ Select range **E4:F10** to apply the data table.

➤ Open **Data **tab **>>** From **Forecast >>** Go to **What-If-Analysis** **>>** Select **Data Table**.

➤ A dialog box will pop up.

From there select any input cell. I want to see the changes in the column depending on capital.

➤ I selected **C3 **in the **Column input cell **and clicked **OK**.

__Result__

Therefore, you will get the *Total Revenue* for all the selected capitals at a glance.

**3. Example of Row Oriented Data Table**

If you want to use one variable data table horizontally then you also can do it.

First, place the formula in cell **E5**.

Then, type the values in a row while keeping one empty row below.

➤ Select range **E4:I5** to apply the data table.

➤ Open **Data **tab **>>** From **What-If-Analysis** **>>** Select **Data Table**.

➤ A dialog box will pop up.

From there select any input cell. I want to see the changes in a row depending on percentages of growth per year.

➤ I selected **C4 **in the **Row input cell** and clicked **OK**.

__Result__

Now, you will get the *Total Revenue* for all the selected percentages.

**4. Two-Variable Data Table Example**

The steps of two variable data tables are the same as one variable data table except that we enter two ranges of input values.

Here, I’ve modified the dataset a bit, given below.

To calculate *Revenue *in 3 years,

⏩ In cell **C5**, type the following formula.

`=(C3+C3*C4)*C5`

Here, I have multiplied the *Capital* with the *Growth Per Year* and added the result with the *Capital. *Then multiplied it by *Years* to get the *Revenue *in 3 years.

Press **ENTER**, and you will get the *Revenue *in 3 years with 13% growth.

Now, I want to perform a What-If-Analysis to see how the *Revenue* will change in different *Years* with *Growth Per Year* ranging from 13% to 17% depending on the *Capital* amount of the company.

To apply a two-variable data table, place the formula of *Total Revenue* in cell **E4**.

➤ Select range **E4:I11** to apply the data table.

➤ Open **Data **tab **>>** From **What-If-Analysis** **>>** Select **Data Table**.

A dialog box will pop up.

From there select two input cells.

➤ I selected **C5 **in the **Row input cell **because I kept the years in the row range **F4:H4**.

➤ I selected **C4 **in the **Column input cell**, as I kept the *Growth Rate* in a column range of **E5:E11**.

Finally, click **OK**.

__Result__

Now, you will get the *Revenue* for all the selected percentages and years.

**5. Compare Multiple Results Using Data Table**

If you want you can compare multiple results using **Data Table**.

Let me show you a comparison between *Revenue* and *Interest* using **Data Table**. I’m going to use the information given in the dataset below.

First, calculate the *Total Revenue*.

⏩ In cell **C5**, type the following formula.

`=C3+C3*C4`

Here, I multiplied the *Capital* with the *Growth Per Year* and then added the result with the *Capital *to get the *Total Revenue*.

Press **ENTER**, and you will get the *Total Revenue* for the year with 13% growth.

Now, to calculate the *Interest*,

⏩ In cell **C5**, type the following formula.

`=C5-C3`

Here, I subtracted the *Capital* from the *Total Revenue* to get the *Interest*.

Press **ENTER **and you will get the *Interest*.

Now, I will compare the *Total Revenue* and *Interest* using the data table. Change the *Growth Per Year* ranging from 13% to 17% while the *Capital* amount is $55,000.

To apply one variable data table, place the formula of *Total Revenue* in cell **F4**.

Again, place the formula of *Interest *in cell **G4**.

➤ Select range **E4:G10** to apply the data table.

➤ Open **Data **tab **>>** From **What-If-Analysis** **>>** Select **Data Table**.

➤ A dialog box will pop up.

From there select any input cell. I want to see the changes in the column depending on growth per year.

➤ I selected **C4 **in the **Column input cell **and pressed **OK**.

__Result__

Hence, you will get the *Total Revenue* and *Interest* for all the selected percentages.

**6. Example of Data Table Modification **

You can modify a data table depending on your needs. In this section, I’m going to describe the table modification with examples.

#### 6.1. Edit Data Table

If you want, you can edit the data table.

Here, I’ve taken a dataset where the data table is already applied to show you an example of editing an Excel data table.

➤ First, select the data table range from where you want to replace or edit data.

I selected the range **F4:F10**.

Now, remove the data table formula from any cell.

Insert the value of your choice and press **CTRL + ENTER**.

__Result__

Now, the inserted same value will be in all the selected cells.

*As the Data Table formula is gone, you can edit any cell individually.*

**6.2. Delete Data Table**

Naturally, you can’t delete any cell from the data table.

Let me show you an example of deleting an Excel data table. To perform the task, I’m going to use the dataset given below.

If you try to delete any cell from the data table then it will show you a warning message which is *Can’t change part of a data table*.

➤ To delete the data table, select the entire range of the data table.

I selected the cell range **E3:G10**.

Now, press **DELETE **from the keyboard.

Here, the entire data is deleted.

You also can use the **Context Menu **to delete the data table.

➤ Select the entire range of the data table.

I selected the cell range **E3:G10**.

Now, right-click on the mouse.

➤ From the **Context Menu** select **Delete**.

➤ Now, a dialog box will appear. Select any **Delete **option of your choice and click **OK**.

Here the data table is deleted.

**Things To Remember**

In your data table if you have multiple variable values and formulas that may slow down your Excel, then you can disable automatic recalculations in that and all other data tables which will speed up recalculations of the entire workbook.

Open **Formulas** tab **>>** From **Calculation Options >>** Select **Automatic Except Data Tables**.

🔺 If a data table is applied then you can’t undo the action.

🔺 Once **What-If-Analysis** is performed, and the values are calculated then it is impossible to change or modify any cell from the set of values.

**Practice Section**

I’ve provided practice sheets in the workbook to practice these explained examples.

**Download to Practice**

**Conclusion**

In this article, I have shown 6 examples of the Excel data table. Then, I also tried to mention things you need to remember while using the data table. Lastly, if you have any kind of suggestions, ideas, or feedback please feel free to comment down below.

## Related Articles

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