How to Create a Data Table in Excel (7 Ways)

In this article, you will have an idea about how to create a data table in Excel easily. Creating a data table in Excel is an important feature of Excel because it will make the calculation easier and faster, furthermore, you can change any type of calculation easily by changing input data.
So, let’s get into the main article.

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7 Ways to Create a Data Table in Excel

Here, we have used the following table for demonstrating the ways of creating a data table in Excel.

For creating the article, we have used Microsoft Excel 365 version, you can use any other versions according to your convenience.

how to create a data table in excel


Method-1: Creating One Variable Column-Oriented Data Table

Here, we will use one variable, Investment, which is oriented column-wise for creating a data table and having the output Total Balance easily with the help of this table.

how to create a data table in excel

Step-01:
➤At first, you have to get the Total Balance in cell E5 by using the following formula

= B5+B5*C5*D5

Here, B5 is the Investment, C5 is the Year and D5 is the Rate of Interest

  • B5*C5*D5 becomes
    5000*5*0.04
    Output→ $1,000.00
  • B5+B5*C5*D5 becomes
    5000+1000
    Output→ $6,000.00

one variable column-oriented

Step-02:
➤Select the range B5:E9
➤Go to Data Tab >> Forecast Group >> What-If Analysis Drop-down >> Data Table option

one variable column-oriented

After that, a Data Table dialog box will appear

➤Select the first cell of the Investment column (as you have used this value as a variable for getting Total Balance) as the Column input cell Option
➤Press OK

one variable column-oriented

Result:
In this way, you will get the Total Balance values for different Investments.

how to create a data table in excel

Read more: How to create a one variable data table in Excel


Method-2: Creating One Variable Row-Oriented Data Table

You can use a row-oriented variable, Investment, for creating a data table and having the output Total Balance easily with the help of this table. Here, we have changed the pattern of the table from column-wise to row-wise

how to create a data table in excel

Step-01:
➤Use the following formula to get the total balance in cell C7

= C4+C4*C5*C6

Here, C4 is the Investment, C5 is the Year and C6 is the Rate of Interest

  • C4*C5*C6 becomes
    5000*5*0.04
    Output→ $1,000.00
  • C4+C4*C5*C6 becomes
    5000+1000
    Output→ $6,000.00

one variable row-oriented

Step-02:
➤Select the range C4:G7
➤Go to Data Tab >> Forecast Group >> What-If Analysis Drop-down >> Data Table option

one variable row-oriented

Then, a Data Table dialog box will appear

➤Select the first cell of the Investment row (as you have used this value as a variable for getting Total Balance) as the Row input cell option
➤Press OK

one variable row-oriented

Result:
After that, you will get the Total Balance values for different Investments.

how to create a data table in excel


Method-3: Creating Two-Variable Row-Oriented and Column-Oriented Data Table

Now, we will create a data table for two variables like Investment and Rate of Interest (we have changed the values in the Rate of Interest column for this method), and for the changes of these two variables, we will see the changes of the Total value.

For creating the table, we made an outline where the Rate of interest values are arranged row-wise and Investments are arranged column-wise. Then, we will get the value of the Total Balances in the blank cells using these two variables.

how to create a data table in excel

Step-01:
➤Use the following formula to get the total balance in cell B10

= B4+B4*C4*D4

Here, B4 is the Investment, C4 is the Year and D4 is the Rate of Interest

  • B4*C4*D4 becomes
    5000*5*0.04
    Output→ $1,000.00
  • B4+B4*C4*D4 becomes
    5000+1000
    Output→ $6,000.00

two variable

Step-02:
➤Select the range B10:F14
➤Go to Data Tab >> Forecast Group >> What-If Analysis Drop-down >> Data Table option

two variable

Then, a Data Table dialog box will appear

➤Select the first cell of the Rate of Interest column (as you have used this value as a variable for getting Total Balance) as the Row input cell option (the values of Rate of Interest are in the row-wise direction) and similarly choose the first cell of the Investment column as the Column input cell option (the values of Investment are in the column-wise direction)

➤Press OK

two variable

Result:
Then, you will get the Total Balance values for different Investments and Rates of interest.

how to create a data table in excel


Method-4: Having Multiple Results in a Data Table

You can get multiple results like the values of the Total Balance and Interest for different Investments at once by using a data table.

how to create a data table in excel

Step-01:
➤Use the following formula to get the total balance in cell E5

=B5+B5*C5*D5

Here, B5 is the Investment, C5 is the Year and D5 is the Rate of Interest

  • B5*C5*D5 becomes
    5000*5*0.04
    Output→ $1,000.00
  • B5+B5*C5*D5 becomes
    5000+1000
    Output→ $6,000.00

multiple results

For having the value of Interest in cell F5 use the following formula

=E5-B5

Here, E5 is the Total Balance, B5 is the Investment

multiple results

Step-02:
➤Select the range B5:F9
➤Go to Data Tab >> Forecast Group >> What-If Analysis Drop-down >> Data Table option

multiple results

Then, a Data Table dialog box will appear

➤Select the first cell of the Investment column (as we have used this value as a variable for getting Total Balance) as the Column input cell Option
➤Press OK

multiple results

Result:
In this way, you will get the Total Balance and Interest values for different Investments and Rates of interest.

how to create a data table in excel


Similar Readings:


Method-5: Using Format as Table Option to Create a Data Table in Excel

In this section, we will create a table using the Format as Table Option.

how to create a data table in excel

Step-01:
➤Go to Home Tab >> Format as Table Option >> Choose your preferred style.

Format as Table

Then Create Table dialog box will appear

➤Select the data range
➤Click on the My table has headers option.
➤Press OK

Format as Table

After that, you will get the following table.

Format as Table

➤Select the output cell E5
➤Type the following formula

=[@Investment]+[@Investment]*[@Year]*[@[Rate of Interest]]

Here, [@Investment] is the invested amount, [@Year] is the time period, and [Rate of Interest] is the interest rate.

Format as Table

➤Press ENTER

Result:
Afterward, you will get the Total Balance for different Investments.

how to create a data table in excel


Method-6: Using Table Option to Create a Data Table in Excel

You can have the values of the Total Balance for different Investments by using the Table option also.

how to create a data table in excel

Step-01:
➤Go to Insert Tab >>Table option

Table

Then, the Create Table dialog box will open up.

➤Select the data range
➤Click the My table has headers option
➤Press OK

Table

After that, you will get the following table.

Table

➤Select the output cell E5
➤Type the following formula

=[@Investment]+[@Investment]*[@Year]*[@[Rate of Interest]]

Here, [@Investment] is the invested amount, [@Year] is the time period, and [Rate of Interest] is the interest rate.

Table

➤Press ENTER

Result:
Then, you will get the Total Balance for different Investments.

how to create a data table in excel


Method-7: Using Power Query to Create a Data Table in Excel

Here, we will try to have the values of the Total Balance for different Investments by using the Power Query Option.

how to create a data table in excel

Step-01:
➤Go to Data Tab >> FromTable/Range option

Power Query

Then, the Create Table dialog box will open up.

➤Select the data range
➤Click the My table has headers option
➤Press OK

Power Query

After that, you will get the following table.

Power Query

➤Select the output cell E5
➤Type the following formula

=[@Investment]+[@Investment]*[@Year]*[@[Rate of Interest]]

Here, [@Investment] is the invested amount, [@Year] is the time period, and [Rate of Interest] is the interest rate.

Power Query

➤Press ENTER

Result:
After that, you will be able to get the Total Balance for different Investments.

how to create a data table in excel


Things to Notice

🔺 Any single cell of the array can not be deleted or edited as the table is created with an array formula

🔺 Be aware of referencing the Row input cell or Column input cell according to the pattern of your table

🔺 The input cells have to be on the same sheet of the data table


Practice Section

For doing practice by yourself we have provided a Practice section like below in a sheet named Practice. Please do it by yourself.

practice


Conclusion

In this article, I tried to cover the easiest ways to create a data table in Excel. Hope you will find it useful. If you have any suggestions or questions, feel free to share them in the comment section.


Further Readings

Tanjima Hossain

Tanjima Hossain

Hello everyone, This is Tanjima Hossain. I have completed my graduation from BUET. Then I have started working as a technical writer in SOFTEKO. I have grown interest in technical content writing, research topics, numerical analysis related field and so I am here. Besides this I love to interact with different people and I love to spend my spare time by reading, gardening ,cooking etc.

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