In this tutorial, I am going to show you 3 simple methods on how to apply a formula to an entire column using Excel VBA. These methods will save a large portion of your time. Also throughout this tutorial, you will learn some valuable Excel VBA commands and tools which will be useful in other Excel-related tasks.
How to Apply Formula to Entire Column Using Excel VBA: 3 Simple Methods
We have taken a concise dataset to explain the steps clearly. This dataset has 2 columns and 6 rows. The two columns are Product Price and an assumed Tax at 3%. Also, note that we have formatted all the data cells in the Accounting format. Besides, we will save the Excel workbook as a Macro-Enabled file format as we will be running VBA codes in all the methods.
1. Using Range Formula in VBA
We can define the entire range of cells within a column in Excel VBA where we want to apply a formula. Let us see how we can do this.
- First, go to the Developer tab and select Visual Basic.
- Now, select Insert in the VBA window and click on Module.
- Next, type in the formula below in the new window:
Public Sub Range_Formula() Range("C5:C10").Formula = "=B5*0.03" End Sub
- Then, open the macro from the Developer tab by clicking on Macro.
- Now, in the Macro window, select the Range Formula Macro and click Run.
- Immediately, this will insert the formula into all the cells of the range that we specified.
2. Applying AutoFill in VBA
AutoFill is a great command in Excel VBA to work with data that are repetitive. We can easily use this by specifying the formula to fill with and the range of cells that we want to fill. Follow the steps below to achieve this.
- To begin with, double-click on cell C5 and insert the following formula, and press Enter.
- Now, open a VBA module as before and insert the following macro code:
Public Sub AutoFill() Range("C5").AutoFill Range("C5:C10") End Sub
- Finally, run this macro and you should get the formula for the entire range of cells.
3. Utilizing Range Value in Excel VBA
We can use the Value function in the Range command to apply a formula to an entire column inside Excel VBA. For this, type the following code and then do the same steps as before.
Public Sub Range_Value() Range("C5:C10").Value = "=B5*0.03" End Sub
Apply Formula to Entire Column Without Dragging in Excel
Although VBA might be the best option when working with large datasets, there is also a very handy tool to quickly fill a column with a certain formula. This can be done with the Fill Handle tool. Let us see how we can apply a Formula to an entire column without dragging in Excel.
- For this, type the following formula in cell C5:
- Then, double-click on the Fill Handle icon as in the image below and this should do the job.
Apply Formula to Entire Column Using Keyboard Shortcut in Excel
If you are someone who likes to work more with the keyboard, then we have a cool shortcut that you can use to apply a formula to an entire column. Follow the steps below.
- To begin with, enter the previous formula in cell C5.
- In addition, select all the cells from C5 to C10.
- Finally, press Ctrl+D and this will fill the entire column with the formula.
Download Practice Workbook
You can download the practice workbook from here.
I hope that you were able to apply the methods that I showed in this tutorial on how to apply a formula to an entire column using Excel VBA. As you can see, there are quite a few ways to achieve this. So wisely choose the method that suits your situation best. If you get stuck in any of the steps, I recommend going through them a few times to clear up any confusion. If you have any queries, please let me know in the comments.