How to Lock and Unlock Cells in Excel Using VBA

To demonstrate how to lock and unlock cells in Excel, we’ll use the following dataset containing Salesman, Product, and Net Sales in the range B4:D10.

how to lock and unlock cells in excel using vba

Example 1 – Lock All Cells in an Excel Worksheet with VBA


  • Go to Developer ➤ Visual Basic.

Lock All Cells in Excel Worksheet with VBA

  • The VBA window pops out.
  • In it, select Insert ➤ Module.


  • Copy the below code and paste it into the Module box that opens.
Sub AllCells()
Sheets("All Cells").Cells.Locked = True
Sheets("All Cells").Protect
End Sub

  • Save the file and press the F5 key to run the code.

Now, when you try to edit or modify any cell, a warning dialog box as shown below appears.

Read More: Excel VBA to Lock Cells without Protecting Sheet

Example 2 – Lock Specific Cells with VBA

Let’s now only lock specific cells. We’ll also insert a check box to toggle locking and unlocking them.


  • Name the cell range B4:D10 as Table1.

Apply Excel VBA for Locking Specific Cells

  • Click Developer ➤ Insert ➤ Check Box.

  • Place the check box in the desired location.
  • Right-click on the sheet name.
  • Select View Code from the context menu.

  • Input the following code into the pop-out dialog box.
Private Sub CheckBox1_Click()
On Error Resume Next
If CheckBox1.Value = True Then
    Selection.Locked = False
    MsgBox Selection.Address & " Cell Range is Unlocked", vbInformation, "ExcelDemy"
    Selection.Locked = True
    MsgBox Selection.Address & " Cell Range is Locked", vbInformation, "ExcelDemy"
End If
End Sub

  • Save the file and run the code by pressing the F5 key.
  • Checking the checkbox will unlock the cells and return a dialog box as demonstrated below.

  • Conversely, unchecking the checkbox will lock the cells.

Example 3 – Lock Only Cells with Formulas with VBA

Now let’s lock only cells containing a formula.


  • Open the Module box by following the steps in Example 1.
  • Enter the following code into the box:
Sub LockCellsWithFormulas()
For Each Rng In ActiveSheet.Range("B5:D10")
If Rng.HasFormula Then
Rng.Locked = True
Rng.Locked = False
End If
Next Rng
ActiveSheet.Protect "111"
End Sub

Lock Only Cells with Formulas Using VBA

  • Click the RunSub button to run the code.

All cells containing a formula are locked, for example D7.

Read More: Lock a Cell after Data Entry Using Excel VBA with Message Box Notification Before Locking

Example 4 – Lock the Entire Worksheet Except for a Few Cells with VBA

In the following code, the range B5:D10 will remain unlocked, while the rest of the worksheet will be locked.

Sub WorksheetExceptFewCells()
Dim wb As Workbook
Set wb = ActiveWorkbook
wb.Sheets("Entire Worksheet Except Few").Range("B5:D10").Locked = False
wb.Sheets("Entire Worksheet Except Few").Protect passowrd = "111"
End Sub

Employ VBA to Lock Entire Worksheet Except for Few Cells

Example 5 – Lock Cells after Data Entry using VBA

In this example, we’ll input data into the range B4:D10, after which the cells in this range will be locked.


  • Right-click on the sheet name and select View Code.
  • Input the following code in the dialog box:
Dim rg As Range
Dim str As String
Private Sub Worksheet_BeforeDoubleClick(ByVal Target As Range, Cancel As Boolean)
If Not Intersect(Range("B4:D10"), Target) Is Nothing Then
    Set rg = Target.Item(1)
    str = rg.Value
End If
End Sub
Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim xg As Range
    On Error Resume Next
    Set xg = Intersect(Range("B4:D10"), Target)
    If xg Is Nothing Then Exit Sub
    Target.Worksheet.Unprotect Password:="111"
    If xg.Value <> str Then xg.Locked = True
    Target.Worksheet.Protect Password:="111"
End Sub
Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
If Not Intersect(Range("B4:D10"), Target) Is Nothing Then
    Set rg = Target.Item(1)
     str = rg.Value
End If
End Sub

Lock Cells after Data Entry in Excel

  • Run the code by pressing the RunSub button or the F5 key.
  • Enter data values in the range.

The range will be locked automatically after data entry. Attempts to edit further will return this warning dialog box:

Example 6 – Unlock Cells with VBA

Use the following code to unlock any locked cells in an Excel workbook:

Sub UnlockCells()
Sheets("Unlock Cells").Cells.Locked = False
Sheets("Unlock Cells").Unprotect
End Sub

Unlock Cells in Excel Using VBA

How to Lock and Unlock Cells in Excel Without VBA

The Format Cells feature can be used to lock/unlock cells in Excel, without the need for VBA code.


  • Select the desired range to lock/unlock.
  • Press the Ctrl and 1 keys together. The Format Cells dialog box opens.
  • Under the Protection tab, check/uncheck the Locked box as required.

How to Lock and Unlock Cells in Excel Without VBA

NOTE Locking any cells in Excel will have no effect unless the worksheet itself is Protected.

To protect the worksheet:

  • Click on the Review tab.
  • Select Protect Sheet from the Protect drop-down.
  • The sheet will be protected.

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Siam Hasan Khan
Siam Hasan Khan

Hello! Welcome to my Profile. Here I will be posting articles related to Microsoft Excel. I have completed my BSc in Electrical and Electronic Engineering from American International University-Bangladesh. I am a diligent, goal-oriented engineer with an immense thirst for knowledge and an attitude to grow continuously. Continuous improvement and life-long learning are my mottoes.

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