**SUMPRODUCT** is one of the most powerful array functions in Microsoft Excel that can pull out data from an array based on the criteria along multiple columns & rows. In this article, you’ll learn how to use this **SUMPRODUCT** function with multiple columns under a number of criteria in an efficient manner.

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**Introduction to SUMPRODUCT Function**

Before getting down to the uses of the **SUMPRODUCT** function, let’s have a look at first how this function works.

**Syntax:**

**=SUMPRODUCT(array1,[array2],[array3],…)**

**Output:**

**Returns the sum of the products of corresponding ranges or arrays**

**Example:**

In our example below, there are two columns comprising of unit & cost per unit of some materials. With the **SUMPRODUCT** function, we can easily find out the total cost for all units. To do this, we have to type in cell** C7**:

`=SUMPRODUCT(B3:B6*C3:C6)`

After pressing **ENTER**, you’ll get the total cost at once for all products.

Inside the **SUMPRODUCT** function, we’re technically multiplying all units from **Column B** with the related costs per unit from **Column C**. **SUMPROUCT** function will then return by summing up all the products.

**4 Suitable Approaches to Use SUMPRODUCT with Multiple Columns**

We will now try to demonstrate 4 different approaches to apply the **SUMPRODUCT **function in Excel under different criteria. Let’s start!

**1. Using SUMPRODUCT with Multiple Columns Under AND Logic Criteria**

Now we’ll deal with our actual dataset where 3 columns are present with computer brands, device categories & sales price for each. In our first application with the **SUMPRODUCT** function, we’ll find out the total sales price of the Lenovo notebook from the table data.

**📌**** Steps:**

- First of all, select cell
**G15**, and type the following formula:

`=SUMPRODUCT((B5:B21=G12)*(C5:C21=G13)*(D5:D21))`

- Now, press
**ENTER**, and you’ll get the result at once.

💡 **How the Formula Works**

**B5:B21=G12** matches cell **G12 **(i.e. **Lenovo**) with the range **B5:B21 ** & **C5:C27=G13 **also matches cell **G13 **with the range **C5:C27 **and returns **TRUE **or** FALSE**. Matching both ranges, the total price of **Notebook **device of **Lenovo **brand is calculated inside the function.

With the **SUMPRODUCT function**, we can also extract the total counts of Lenovo notebooks or any other category from the table.

**📌**** Steps:**

- First, select cell
**G18**, and type:

`=SUMPRODUCT(--(B5:B27=G12),--(C5:C27=G13))`

- Then, press
**ENTER**, and you’ll see the result right away.

💡 **Formula Explanation**

In this case, we’re using logic arguments inside the **SUMPRODUCT** function. We’re asking the function to determine if the selected criteria match the cell values in **Columns B & C**. Uses of **Double-Unary(–)** before the arguments will convert the logical text values** (TRUE **or** FALSE)** into **1 **or** 0**. And then **SUMPRODUCT** will sum up those number values to display the final result.

**Read More:** **SUMPRODUCT Multiple Criteria Same Column (3 Useful Ways)**

**2. Using SUMPRODUCT with Multiple Columns Under OR Logic Criteria**

Now we’ll assign **OR **logic in our criteria. We’ll determine the total sales price of the Lenovo notebook and desktop.

**📌**** Steps:**

- First, type the formula below in cell
**G15**.

`=SUMPRODUCT((B5:B21=G11)*((C5:C21=G12)+(C5:C21=G13))*(D5:D21))`

- Now, press
**ENTER**, and the total sales price will be displayed in that cell.

💡 **How the Formula Works**

**B5:B21=G11** matches cell **G11 **(i.e. **Lenovo**) with the range **B5:B21 ** & **C5:C27=G12 ** matches cell **G12 **with the range **C5:C27 **&** D5:D27=G13 ** matches cell **G13 **with the range **D5:D27 **and returns **TRUE **or** FALSE**. Matching both ranges, the total price of **Notebook **and **Desktop** of the **Lenovo **brand is calculated inside the function.

If we want to count the presence of Lenovo devices in the table, then the device criteria will have to be added by inserting a **Plus(+) **between those two criteria.

Just apply the formula below in cell **G18**.

`=SUMPRODUCT(--(B5:B27=G11),--((C5:C27=G12)+(C5:C27=G13)))`

**Read More: ****[Solved] SUMPRODUCT with Multiple Criteria Not Working in Excel**

**3. Using SUMPRODUCT Along Multiple Columns and Rows**

**SUMPRODUCT** is one of the most useful functions that can extract data or do complex calculations by scrutinizing all mentioned criteria along rows & columns from an array. In our following & new dataset, the sales of computer devices of different brands are presently based on the months. We’ll find out the number of sales for HP notebooks in January.

The **SUMPRODUCT** function can extract data or do complex calculations by scrutinizing all mentioned criteria along rows & columns from an array. In our following & new dataset, the sales of computer devices of different brands are presently based on the months. We’ll find out the number of sales for HP notebooks in January.

All you have to do is apply the following formula in cell** L11** and you’ll get the total counts instantly under our criteria.

`=SUMPRODUCT(D5:I14,(C5:C14=C10)*(D4:I4=L9)*(B5:B14=L7))`

💡 **Formula Explanation**

If you look carefully inside the function, we’ve selected the entire array of sales data first. Then we added the criteria along 2 columns and a row. **SUMPRODUCT** function then looked for our criteria in the selected array and returned the final result by summing up all extracted data.

**Read More: SUMPRODUCT Multiple Criteria in Excel(3 Approaches**

**4. Inserting SUM Function Inside SUMPRODUCT to Calculate Weighted Average**

By combining the** SUMPRODUCT**, and** SUM **functions together, we can determine the weighted values for a range of data. The following dataset represents a student’s final exam marks along with the assigned weights of a number of subjects. We’ll calculate the weighted average marks of the student.

The formula to find the weighted average in cell** F8 **will be:

`=SUMPRODUCT(C5:C11*D5:D11)/SUM(D5:D11)`

So, here the **SUMPRODUCT **function sums up all the products of marks & assigned weights. Then the calculated result will be divided by the summation of all assigned weight percentages.

**Read More: ****SUMPRODUCT for Counting with Multiple Criteria in Excel**

**Concluding Words**

I hope, this article on the uses of the **SUMPRODUCT **function along multiple columns will now prompt you to apply it in your regular Excel chores. If you got any questions or suggestions let me know through comments. You can check out our other interesting articles related to Excel functions on this website.

Hi, thank you for your help. Thought you might like to know that your formula

=SUMPRODUCT(D5:I14,(C5:C14=C10)*(D4:I4=L9)*(B5:B14=L7))

should be;

=SUMPRODUCT(D5:I14,(C5:C14=L8)*(D4:I4=L9)*(B5:B14=L7))

Hello, MARK EVANS!

You have pointed out a fantastic thing.

Your reference is correct. We had an unfortunate mistake in the reference to this formula. There will be

L8at the reference in the place of theC10reference.Thank you for your valuable feedback. We appreciate it so much.

So, the formula should be:

`=SUMPRODUCT(D5:I14,(C5:C14=L8)*(D4:I4=L9)*(B5:B14=L7))`

Regards,

Tanjim Reza

This was LIFE CHANGING. I thought I was good at Excel til I saw this. My god!