Microsoft Excel has several functions that may be used to do simple ArithmeticÂ Operations as well as more complex calculations. Multiplication is one of the most used operations in Excel, and it may be done in a variety of ways. We’ll go through several quick and simple methods to see how to multiply two columns in Excel.

We’ll use a sample dataset as an example to help you understand the concept better.

Here, we are given name of the Items in column B, Price in column C, Quantity in column D, and Discount percentage in column E. We want to count the Sales amounts using this dataset.

**1. Using the Asterisk Symbol to Multiply Two Columns in Excel**

The easiest way to multiply two columns in an Excel sheet is using an asterisk (*) symbol.

Suppose we want to know how much Sales is generated for a particular product. So, we have to multiply the values of the Price in the column with the values of the Quantity column. Letâ€™s see, how to do it.

First, click on cell **E5**. Now we can select any cell or go to the formula bar and type the following formula.

`=C5*D5`

**ENTER**key, we will get the following result which will represent Sales of Shirt.

Here, we are multiplying two cells **C5** with Cell **D5** using the Asterisk (*) symbol. We got the result of $100 as the Sales value.

Now, we can simply click on the right button of the mouse and then drag it down. Here we are using the AutoFill feature to fill other cells automatically. Now, our cells will look like the following image.

**Read More: **How to Multiply Multiple Cells in Excel

**2. Multiplying Two Columns with Excel PRODUCT Formula**

Using an asterisk symbol can be time-consuming if we have to deal with a huge number of data. In Excel, one of the quickest ways to multiply columns or ranges is to use the **PRODUCT function****.**

In our data set, we want Sales values by multiplying Price and Quantity.

To do it, first, click in cell **E5**, then type the following formula.

`=PRODUCT(C5:D5)`

**ENTER**key. It will show you the result.

See, we have the result of $100 as Sales value in cell

**E5.**Here Excel is simply multiplying cells

**C5**and cell

**D5**.

**Note**: During the use of the

**PRODUCT**function we can select desired cells using a colon (

**:**) or comma (

**,**). In this scenario, we can also use the formula as

`=PRODUCT(C5,D5)`

**AutoFill**.Click the right button on the mouse and drag it down to the rest of the column where we want our data.

**Read More: **How to Create a Multiplication Formula in Excel

## 3. Multiplying Two Columns by a Constant Number

In our data set, we can see that there is a 5% Discount. So if we want to calculate sales value after discount how we would do it? Let’s get into this,

So, we have to calculate the Sales value after the discount by multiplying price, quantity, and discount. And most of all a 5% discount is applicable for all the items.

So, we can say that we need to multiply columns with a constant number.

Now, click on cell **F5** and type the following formula.

`=C5*D5*(1-$E$7)`

**ENTER**key.

What is happening here?

We are multiplying cells

**C5**,

**D5**, and

**E7**. Also usedÂ

**Absolute Reference**for cell

**E7**. Here, we subtracted the discount value to get the total Sales after the discount.

You use an Absolute Cell Reference (like

**$E$7**) to ensure that the column and row coordinates of the cell containing the number to multiply by do not change while copying the formula to other cells.

You use a

**Relative Cell Reference**(like

**C4**) for the topmost cell in the column, as a result of the relative location of a cell where the formula is copied, this reference changes.

Therefore, the formula in

**F6**changes to

**=C6*D6*(1-$E$7)**the formula in

**F7**changes to

**=C7*D7*(1-$E$7)**, and so on.

Now,

**right-click the mouse button**and drag it down to the end of the column to get the results.

**Read More: **How to Multiply by Percentage in Excel

## 4. Using Excel Paste Special to Multiple Two Columns

**Paste Special** feature gives us the option to get values instead of formulas.

First, we have copied values from **columns D5 **to **D9 **into **columns** **E5 **to **E9**.

Now, select all the values in **column C
**âž¤ I selected the range

**C5:C9**.

Now,

**right-click on the mouse**and select

**Copy**from the

**context menu**.

Now, select cell

**E5:E9,**and again

**right-click on the mouse**button a

**dialog box**will appear.

From there, select

**Multiply**then clicks on

**OK**.

Here, you will get

**Sales**for all the selected

**Items**.

## 5. Multiplying Two Columns in Excel with Array Formula

Another way to multiply two columns in Excel is the **Array** formula. It’s a simple and easy method.

First, select cells from **E5 **to **E9 **(**E5:E9**).

Now, we can type =**C5:C9** or simply select all the required cells by dragging the mouse.

Now, type the **asterisk** symbol and select cells **D5:D9**.

The formula will be as given.

`=C5:C9*D5:D9`

**CTRL +Â SHIFT + ENTER**altogether as itâ€™s an

**array**formula.

Here we go, we get the results we wanted. Here we multiply

**C5**with

**D5**,

**C6**with

**D6,**and so on till

**C9**with

**D9**where we use the cell values as an

**array**.

**Things to Remember**

**Note:** If you are using an upgrade version of Microsoft Excel 2013 then you wonâ€™t need to use **CTRL + SHIFT + ENTER **for any **Array** formula.

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**Conclusion**

These are 5 different techniques to multiply two columns in Excel. You can select the best option based on your preferences. Please let me know if you have any questions or feedback in the comments section. You may also go through our other Excel-related articles on this site.

## Related Articles

- How to Divide and Multiply in One Excel Formula

- How to Do Matrix Multiplication in Excel
- How to Multiply from Different Sheets in Excel
- How to Make Multiplication Table in Excel
- How to Multiply Rows in ExcelÂ
- How to Multiply Two Columns and Then Sum in Excel
- If Cell Contains Value Then Multiply Using Excel FormulaÂ

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