**Microsoft Excel** has several functions that may be used to do simple** Arithmetic****Â Operations** as well as more complex calculations. **Multiplication** is one of the most used operations in **Excel**, and it may be done in a variety of ways. Weâ€™ll go through several quick and simple methods to see how to **multiply two columns in Excel**.

Weâ€™ll use a sample dataset as an example to help you understand the concept better.

Here, we are given name of the **Items **in column **B**, **Price** in **column** **C**, **Quantity **in **column D,** and **Discount **percentage in **column E**. We want to count the **Sales** amounts using this dataset.

**Table of Contents**hide

**1. Multiplying Two Columns Using the Asterisk Symbol in Excel**

The easiest way to **multiply two columns** in an **Exce**l sheet is using an **asterisk (*)** symbol.

Suppose we want to know how much **Sales** is generated for a particular product. So, we have to **multiply the values** of the **Price in the column** with the **values** of the **Quantity** **column**. Letâ€™s see, how to do it.

First, click on cell **E5**. Now we can select any cell or go to the formula bar and type the following formula.

`=C5*D5`

**ENTER**key, we will get the following result which will represent

**Sales**of

**Shirt**.

Here, we are multiplying two cells **C5** with Cell **D5** using the **Asterisk (*)** symbol. We got the result of **$100** as **Sales** value.

Now, we can simply click on the **right button of the mouse** then drag it down. Here we are using the **AutoFill** feature to fill other cells automatically. Now, our cells will look like the following image.

**2. Multiplying Two Columns with Excel Product Formula**

Using an **asterisk** symbol can be time-consuming if we have to deal with a huge number of data. In Excel, one of the quickest** ways to multiply columns** or ranges is to use the **PRODUCT function****.**

In our data set, we want **Sales** values by multiplying **Price** and **Quantity**.

To do it, first, click in cell **E5**, then type the following formula.

`=PRODUCT(C5:D5)`

**ENTER**key. It will show you the result.

See, we have the result of

**$100**as

**Sales**value in cell

**E5.**Here Excel is simply multiplying cells

**C5**and cell

**D5**.

**Note**: During the use of the

**PRODUCT**function we can select desired cells using a colon (

**:**) or comma (

**,**). In this scenario, we can also use the formula as

`=PRODUCT(C5,D5)`

**AutoFill**.Click the right button on the mouse and drag it down to the rest of the column where we want our data.

**Similar Readings**

**How to Multiply Rows in ExcelÂ****How to Multiply by Percentage in Excel****How to Multiply Two Columns and Then Sum in Excel**

## 3. Multiplying Two Columns by a Constant Number

In our data set, we can see that there is a **5% Discount**. So if we want to calculate sales value after discount how we would do it. Letâ€™s get into this,

So, we have to calculate the **Sales **value after discount by multiplying **price, quantity, and discoun**t. And most of all a **5%** discount is applicable for all the items.

So, we can say that we need** to multiply columns with a constant number**.

Now, click on cell **F5** and type the following formula.

`=C5*D5*(1-$E$7)`

**ENTER**key.

What is happening here?

We are multiplying cells

**C5**,

**D5**, and

**E7**. Also usedÂ

**Absolute Reference**for cell

**E7**. Here, we

**subtracted**the discount value to get the total

**Sales**after the discount.

You use an

**Absolute Cell Reference**(like

**$E$7**) to ensure that the column and row coordinates of the cell containing the number to multiply by do not change while copying the formula to other cells.

You use a

**Relative Cell Reference**(like

**C4**) for the topmost cell in the column, as a result of the relative location of a cell where the formula is copied, this reference changes.

Therefore, the formula in

**F6**changes to

**=C6*D6*(1-$E$7)**the formula in

**F7**changes to

**=C7*D7*(1-$E$7)**, and so on.

Now,

**right-click the mouse button**and drag it down to the end of the column to get the results.

## 4. Multiplying Two Columns Using Excel Paste Special

**Paste Special** function gives us the option to get values instead of formulas.

First, we have copied values from **columns D5 **to **D9 **into **columns** **E5 **to **E9**.

Now, select all the values in **column C**âž¤ I selected the range

**C5:C9**.

Now,

**right-click on the mouse**and select

**Copy**from the

**context menu**.

Now, select cell

**E5:E9,**and again

**right click on the mouse**button a

**dialog box**will appear.

From there, select

**Multiply**then clicks on

**OK**.

Here, you will get

**Sales**for all the selected

**Items**.

## 5. Multiplying Two Columns in Excel with Array Formula

Another way to multiply two columns in excel is the **Array** formula. Itâ€™s a simple and easy method.

First, select cells from **E5 **to **E9 **(**E5:E9**).

Now, we can type =**C5:C9** or simply select all the required cells by dragging the mouse.

Now, type the **asterisk** symbol and select cells **D5:D9**.

The formula will be as given.

`=C5:C9*D5:D9`

**CTRL +Â SHIFT + ENTER**altogether as itâ€™s an

**array**formula.

Here we go, we get the results we wanted. Here we are multiplying

**C5**with

**D5**,

**C6**with

**D6,**and so on till

**C9**with

**D9**where we used the cell values as an

**array**.

**Read More: ****How to Multiply Multiple Cells in Excel**

**Things to Remember**

**Note:** If you are using an upgrade version of Microsoft Excel 2013 then you wonâ€™t need to use **CTRL + SHIFT + ENTER **for any **Array** formula.

**Download Practice Workbook**

**Conclusion**

These are 5 different techniques to multiply two columns in Excel. You can select the best option based on your preferences. Please let me know if you have any questions or feedback in the comments section. You may also go through our other Excel-related articles on this site.