We often have to **multiply** a column in Excel by a constant while working. We have to perform various types of multiplication like multiplying cells between **two columns**, or more columns, or multiplying the cells of a column by a constant, etc. Here in this article, I am showing four easy ways to multiply the cells of a column by a constant in Excel.

**Watch Video â€“ ****Multiply a Column by a Constant in Excel**

Let us use the following dataset. We have the employee records of a company named Sunflower Group.

We have the **First Names** of the employees, the **Last Names**, their **Starting Dates**, work **Hours Per Day**, and **Salaries****.** Look at the dataset first.

Now for some reason, the chief of the company wants to increase the salary of each employee three times.

That means, all the cells of **Column E** are to be multiplied by a constant number, 3.

How can we do that? Here I am showing four easy ways to do that.

**1. Creating an Excel Formula to Multiply a Column by a Constant**

This is the easiest method.

**Steps:**

- First of all, select the first cell of a different column where you want to write down the multiplied numbers.
- Here I have selected the first cell of
**Column****G**,**G4**. It is called**Increased Salary****.**Â Â - Then directly write the multiplication formula that you want to execute in the formula bar:

`=F5*3`

- Then press
**Enter****.**

We see the multiplication product has been written down in **Cell** **G4**, $30000.

Now we want all the cells of **Column ****G**Â to have the three times product of adjacent cells of the **Column F**.

- This is easy. Move your cursor over the rightmost bottom corner of the first
**Cell F4**and you will find the**Fill Handle**(a small**plus(+) sign**). Double-click it. Or drag it through the columns.

You will see all the cells have been filled with the product. Thus you have multiplied the whole column by 3.

**2. Using Absolute Cell Reference ****to Multiply a Column by a ConstantÂ **

You can also perform the multiplication operation by a constant by using an **Absolute Cell Reference**.

Now, what is an **Absolute Cell Reference**?

**Absolute Cell Reference:** An **Absolute Cell Reference** is a cell reference having a **Dollar sign ($)** before the column number and row number of it.

When you use a cell reference in a formula in another cell, and then drag the formula in the cell through row or column, the cell reference automatically increases through row or column.

But if we use **Absolute Cell Reference**, it will remain fixed. It will not increase row or column-wise.

**Steps:**

- First of all, select a new cell that you want to use as an
**Absolute Cell.** - And then put the constant that you want to multiply there. Here I am selecting
**Cell C13**, and putting 3 there. The**Absolute Cell Reference**of**Cell C13**Â is**$C$13.** - Now go to the first cell of the column where you want to write down the multiplication product. Then enter the
**multiplication formula**there, using the**Absolute Cell Reference****.**Then click**Enter****.**Here I am going to**Cell G4**and writing:

`=F5*3`

See the image below. **Cell G4** has the product of **F4** and **C13**, $30000.00.

- Now move your mouse cursor to the rightmost bottom corner of the first cell and double-click on the
**Fill Handle**(The small**plus(+)**sign). Or drag the**Fill Handle**through the column. All the cells of the column will be filled in this way.

Thus you have multiplied the whole column by 3.

**Similar Readings**

**How to Multiply by Percentage in Excel**

**How to Multiply Two Columns and Then Sum in Excel****How to Multiply from Different Sheets in Excel****How to Divide and Multiply in One Excel Formula**

**3. Inserting PRODUCT Function ****for Multiplying a Column by a Constant in Excel**

Excel provides a built-in function called **PRODUCT****. **

It takes two or more numbers or cell references as arguments and gives its product as output.

For example, **PRODUCT(2,3)=6.**

**Steps:**

- First of all, we select the first cell of the column where we want to put the product.
- And then write down the formula there with the required cell references and numbers. Then click
**Enter.**Here I am going to**Cell G4**and inserting the formula:

`=PRODUCT(F5,3)`

Then you have to copy this formula through the whole column.

- Move your mouse cursor to the rightmost bottom corner of the first cell and double-click on the
**Fill Handle**(the small**plus(+)****sign**). Or drag the**Fill Handle****Â**through the column.

The formula will be copied to all the cells and they will also be filled with the products.

**4. Multiplying a Column by a Constant Using the Paste Special Menu**

Up until now, we have multiplied a column with a constant in a different column.

For example, we have multiplied **Column F** with 3 in **Column ****G**.

But in this method, the original column is multiplied and changed.

So, if you do not want to change the original column, select it, press **Ctrl + C,** and make a copy of it in another column.

Here I have made a copy of **Column F** in **Column ****G**.

**Steps:**

- Now write the constant number that you want to multiply in another cell.

- Then select it and press
**Ctrl + C**to copy it. Here I am writing 3 in**Cell C13**and copying it. - Now select the column on which you want to apply the multiplication operation. Here I am selecting
**Column G**. - Now right-click on your mouse. Choose
**Paste Special.**

- You will have a dialogue box like this. From the
**Paste**menu, check**All****.**From the**Operation**menu, check**Multiply****.**Then click**OK.**See the image below.

You will see all the cells of your selected column have been multiplied by the copied number.

Here all the cells of **Column G** have been multiplied by 3.

But there is a limitation here.

By default, Excel produces output as **General Tex****t** format by this operation.

- If you want to change the format of the output, you have to manually do this by going to the
**General**option of the**Excel Toolbar**under the**Home**tab.**Home>General.**

See the following image.

Here I want to get the output in **Currency($)** format.

- So I select the output column, click the
**Genera****l**option, and choose**Currency($)**from there.

I will find the output changed in **Currency($)** format, which I want.

**Conclusion**

Using these methods, you can easily multiply any column in Excel with a constant. This is really very easy, isnâ€™t it? Do you know any other option? Let us know in the comment section.

**Related Readings**

**How to Create a Multiplication Formula in Excel**

**How to Multiply Multiple Cells in Excel****How to Multiply Rows in Excel**

**How to Multiply Two Columns in Excel**

**How to Do Matrix Multiplication in Excel**

**How to Make Multiplication Table in Excel****If Cell Contains Value Then Multiply Using Excel Formula**