The intersection of row and column is usually called a cell in Excel. Thousands of cell integration creates a whole spreadsheet of Excel. This tutorial will provide a complete overview of rows and columns, properties of cells, cell reference, and cell navigation with proper illustrations.

## Basics of Row-Column and Cell in Excel

**Row and Column**Â

Rows and Columns are two different aspects of Excel that make up a cell.

Rows are the horizontal lines in Excel and are expressed in numbers(1,2,3â€¦). There are 10,48,576 rows in the spreadsheet.

On the other hand, columns are the vertical lines in the spreadsheet and are expressed in alphabets(**A**, **B**, **C**â€¦). The columns range from **A** to **XFD** consisting of 16,384 individual columns.

**Cell**

The intersection of row and column in Excel is usually called a cell. Cells are the rectangle boxes you see in the grid of an Excel spreadsheet.

A cell is the combination of a row and a Column. A cell is attributed to one row and one column. So, cells are expressed in alphanumeric values like **A10**, **D5,** etc.

There are precisely 17,179,869,184 cells in a spreadsheet.

**Read More: **Intersection of Two Columns in Excel

## What Is Cell Reference?

Cell Reference is used for conducting a formula in Excel. It refers to a single or a range of cells in a formula (value or property) in order to conduct simultaneous operations in an Excel worksheet. Addressing or referring to a cell follows a definite and structured way. There are two distinguishable cell references.

**Relative Reference**

Relative references change when a formula is copied to another cell.

For relative cell reference, the cell address looks like this **B5**, **C10**, **A12**.

Letâ€™s see an example of a relative reference

We are finding areas of rectangles. For that, we have to multiply Length and Breath.

And as the length and breadth are variable, we have to use relative reference.

The formula used in the area column contains only relative references.

The formula in the **D5 **cell is:

`=B5*C5`

Both **B5 **and **C5 **are taken as relative references.

Notice the change in relative reference.

The formula in **D6** is:

`=B6*C6`

Where **B6** and **C6** are also relative references. We didnâ€™t apply an individual formula for each cell. We have just applied the formula in cell **D5 **and then dragged it down the next cells and the cell references have been changed automatically.

**Absolute Reference**

Absolute references remain constant no matter where they are copied.

For absolute cell reference, we have to insert the dollar sign ($) in the cell address, for example, **$B$5**,**$C$10**,**$A$12** etc.

Letâ€™s find out the area using absolute reference.

For that, we will use the same length **B7** for all areas.

So the formula in **D5** will be:

`=$B$7*C5`

Where **$B$7** is the absolute reference.

And, in the **D6** cell, the formula is:

`=$B$7*C6`

Where **$B$7** is the same absolute reference.

## Properties of Cell in Excel

We need to know the basic properties of a cell in an Excel spreadsheet. Letâ€™s discuss these properties.

**Active Cell**

The active cell is the selected cell in which data is entered when you start typing.

Only one cell can be active at a time.

The active cell appears with a green border. In the image below, cell **B5 **is active.

**Cell Address**

Every cell has a unique address. When you select a cell the cell address appears on the left side of the worksheet in the **Name Box**.

**Cell Formats**

Cell formats allow us only to change the way cell data appears in the spreadsheet.

It only changes how data is presented in a cell and does not alter the data values.

The cell formatting option is used for different data types for Example currency, date, scientific options, time, fractions, etc.

**Cell Height and Width**

You can change the cell height and width.

The height and width of a cell can be changed manually, using your mouse. Just take your cursor to the edge of the cell, hold and drag your mouse according to your need to change the height and width of the corresponding cell. See the GIF below where we have changed the height and width of cell **C7**.

Also, you can set cell height and width with the **Format **option from the** Home** tab.

**Read More: **Performing Intersection of Two Data Sets in Excel

Letâ€™s see some cell navigation shortcuts.

**Accessing Last Cells**

We have set the **A1 **cell active. In order to navigate quickly to the bottommost cell of this column follow any of these commands: **CTRL ****â‡’**** Down Arrow (â†“) **or **End ****â‡’**** Down Arrow (â†“)**

This command will take you to the bottom cell in column A, which is **1048576th.**

Similarly, to access the rightmost cell of a row, you can follow any of these commands:

**CTRL ****â‡’**** Right ****Arrow (****â†’****) **or **END ****â‡’**** Right Arrow (****â†’****)**

And for the topmost cell,

**CTRL ****â‡’**** Up Arrow (â†‘) **or **END ****â‡’**** Up Arrow (â†‘)**

**Access to Any Cell**

To access a random cell press **F5**.

Write the cell address you want to navigate in the Reference box and press **OK**.

We inserted **F30**.

And, this command will take you to the **F30** cell.

**More Shortcuts**

**Tab** >> This button moves the active cell to the right side.

**Shift + Tab** >> This command shifts the active cell to the leftmost side.

**Home **>> This button takes the active cell to the first cell of a row.

**Ctrl + Home **>> Takes to the first cell of the Excel sheet.

## Conclusion

So, now we know the intersection of row and column in Excel is called a cell and this article focuses on different aspects of Excel cells. We hope you will find this article useful. If there are any queries or suggestions, please leave them in the comment section. Have a great day!