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# How to Return Multiple Values Based on Single Criteria in Excel

If you are looking for Excel to return multiple values based on single criteria, then you are in the right place. While using Excel, finding multiple values based on different criteria is common work and is essential to run any program effectively. In this article, we will try to discuss the ways to return multiple values based on single criteria in Excel.

## 3 Ways to Return Multiple Values Based on Single Criteria in Excel

Let us have a look at this data set first. We have the list of all the FIFA World Cups that took place from 1930 to 2018. We have the Year in Column B, the Host Country in Column C, the Champion countries in Column D, and the Runners-up countries in Column E. Now, let us try to extract multiple values based on single criterion from this data set.

### 1. Return Multiple Values Based on Single Criteria in a Single Cell

First of all, let us try to return multiple values in a single cell.
We will try to extract the names of all the champion countries in one column and the years in which they became champions in the adjacent cells.
Suppose we will extract the names of the champion countries in Column G named Country `=UNIQUE(D5:D25)`

Here, D5:D25 refers to the Champion of World Cups. • Secondly, press ENTER.
• Eventually, we’ll find all the outputs in Column G Note: While using Microsoft 365, no need to use the Fill Handle to get all the values. All values will appear automatically as outputs.

#### 1.1. Using TEXTJOIN and IF Functions

Using the combination of TEXTJOIN and IF functions is a common application to find multiple values based on single criteria. The usage of these two functions mainly finds out the common values of a base value from two or more criteria.
In the following dataset, we have Champion countries in Column G repeated once. We need to find out the Years of these Champion teams in one cell individually.

• To do this, firstly, write the formula in the H5 cell like this.
`=TEXTJOIN(",",TRUE,IF(\$D\$5:\$D\$25=G5,\$B\$5:\$B\$25,""))` • Secondly, press ENTER to get the output as 1930,1950.
• Thirdly, use the Fill Handle by dragging down the cursor while holding the right-bottom corner of the H5 • Eventually, we’ll get the outputs like this. Formula Explanation

• Here \$B\$5:\$B\$25 is the lookup array. We want to look up for the years. If you want anything else, use that one.
• \$D\$5:\$D\$25=G5 is the criteria we want to match. We want to match cell G5 (Uruguay) with the Champion column (\$D\$5:\$D\$25). If you want anything else, use that one.

#### 1.2. Utilizing TEXTJOIN and FILTER Functions

We can also find the same output as the previous one by using the combination of TEXTJOIN and FILTER functions.

• So, firstly, write the formula in the H5 cell like this.
`=TEXTJOIN(",",TRUE,FILTER(\$B\$5:\$B\$25,\$D\$5:\$D\$25=G5))` • Secondly, press ENTER.
• Thirdly, use the Fill Handle.
• Eventually, we’ll get the output like this. Formula Explanation

• Here \$B\$5:\$B\$25 is the lookup array. We want to look up for the years. If you want anything else, use that one.
• \$D\$5:\$D\$25=G5 is the criteria we want to match. We want to match cell G5 (Uruguay) with the Champion column (\$D\$5:\$D\$25). If you want anything else, use that one.

### 2. Return Multiple Values Based on Single Criteria in a Column

The above-mentioned functions are only available in office 365. Now if you do not have an office 365 subscription, you can follow these methods and return multiple values based on a criterion in a column.

#### 2.1. Using a Combination of INDEX, SMALL, MATCH, ROW, and ROWS Functions

Suppose, we need to find out in which years Brazil became the champion. We can find it by using the combination of INDEX, SMALL, MATCH, ROW, and ROWS functions.
In the following dataset, we need to find it in cell G5.

• So, firstly, write the formula in the G5 cell like this.

`=INDEX(\$B\$5:\$B\$25, SMALL(IF(G\$4=\$D\$5:\$D\$25, MATCH(ROW(\$D\$5:\$D\$25),``ROW(\$D\$5:\$D\$25)), ""), ROWS(\$A\$1:A1)))` • As this is an array formula, now we need to press CTRL + SHIFT + ENTER.
• Eventually, we’ll find the years in which Brazil became champion as output. Now, using the above formula you can extract the years of the championship of any other country.
For example, to find out the years when Argentina was champion in Column H, create a new column Argentina adjacent to the one Brazil, and drag the formula to the right by using the Fill Handle.
Consequently, we’ll find the output like this. Formula Explanation

• Here \$B\$5:\$B\$25 is the lookup array. We look for years. If you have anything else to look up for, use that.
• G\$4=\$D\$5:\$D\$25 is the matching criteria. We want to match the content of the cell G4, Brazil with the contents of the cells from D5 to D25. You use your criteria.
• Again, \$D\$5:\$D\$25 is the matching column. You use your column.

See, we got the years when Argentina was the champion. The year 1978 and 1986.
We can do it for all other countries.
Before moving to the next section, I have one small question for you. Can you find out the years when the World Cup was won by the host countries?
Yes. You have guessed right. The formula will be in the H5 cell like this.

`=INDEX(\$B\$5:\$B\$25, SMALL(IF(\$C\$5:\$C\$25=\$D\$5:\$D\$25, MATCH(ROW(\$D\$5:\$D\$25),``ROW(\$D\$5:\$D\$25)), ""), ROWS(\$A\$1:A1)))` Eventually, the host country became champion in 1930,1934,1966,1974,1978, and 1998. #### 2.2. Applying FILTER Function

If we do not want to use the complex formula as mentioned above, we can accomplish the task pretty conveniently using the FILTER function of Excel.
But the only problem is that the FILTER function is available in Office 365 only.
Anyway, the formula in cell G5 to sort out the years when Brazil was champion will be.

=FILTER(\$B\$5:\$B\$25,\$D\$5:\$D\$25=H\$4)

Formula Explanation

• As usual, \$B\$5:\$B\$25 is the lookup array. Years in our case. You use your one.
• \$D\$5:\$D\$25=G\$4 is the matching criteria. You use your one. • Secondly, press ENTER to get the outputs like this. • Now like the earlier method, we can create a new column Argentina just beside Brazil, and drag the Fill Handle to the right to get the Years when Argentina was champion. Eventually, the output will be like this. ### 3. Return Multiple Values in Excel Based on Single Criteria in a Row

Finally, if you want, you can return multiple values based on criteria in a row. We can do it by using the combination of IFERROR, INDEX, SMALL, IF, ROW, and COLUMN functions.

• To find out the years when Brazil was champion, firstly, select a cell and enter Brazil. In this case, it is G5.
• Secondly, write this array formula in the adjacent cell i.e. H5, and press CTRL + SHIFT + ENTER.

`=IFERROR(INDEX(\$B\$5:\$B\$25, SMALL(IF(\$G5=\$D\$5:\$D\$25,``ROW(\$B\$5:\$B\$25)-3,""), COLUMN()-7)),"")` • Thirdly, press ENTER.
• Eventually, we’ll find the years of different specific countries when they became champion first. It will happen automatically in Microsoft 365 without using the Fill Handle.
• Now, to find the other years when these countries became champions, just use the Fill Handle • Consequently, we’ll get the output like this. Formula Explanation

• Here \$B\$5:\$B\$25 is the lookup array. We looked up for years in the range B5 to B25. If you want anything else, use that.
• \$G5=\$D\$5:\$D\$25 is the matching criteria. I want to match cell G5 (Brazil) with the Champion column (D5 to D25). If you want to do anything else, do that.
• I have used ROW(\$B\$5:\$B\$25)-3 because this is my lookup array and the first cell of this array starts in row number 4 (B4). For example, if your lookup array is \$D\$6:\$D\$25, use ROW(\$D\$6:\$D\$25)-5.
• In place of COLUMN()-7, use the number of the previous column of where you are inserting the formula. For example, if you are inserting the formula in column G, use COLUMN()-6.

## Conclusion

That’s all about today’s session. And these are the ways to Excel return multiple values based on single criteria. We strongly believe this article would be highly beneficial for you. Don’t forget to share your thoughts and queries in the comments section and explore our website ExcelDemy, a one-stop Excel solution provider. #### Rifat Hassan

Hello! Welcome to my profile. Here I will be posting articles related to Microsoft Excel. I am a passionate Electrical Engineer holding a Bachelor’s degree in Electrical and Electronic Engineering from the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. Besides academic studies, I always love to keep pace with the revolution in technology that the world is rushing towards day by day. I am diligent, career-oriented, and ready to cherish knowledge throughout my life.

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