A portion of an investment’s profits provided to the investment manager expressly for alternative investments is known in finance as carried interest, or carry. It is an evaluation fee that the manager receives in exchange for raising performance. Using Microsoft Excel, we can easily calculate the carried interest. Today, in this article, we’ll learn four quick and suitable steps for carried interest calculation in Excel effectively with appropriate illustrations.

## Carried Interest Basics

Private equity, venture capital, and hedge fund general partners receive carried interest as a portion of their income. General partners are entitled to the carried interest based on their participation rather than an initial investment in the fund. Carry interest synchronizes the general partner’s income with the fund’s returns as a performance fee. The *hurdle rate* is the minimum return that the fund must meet in order to receive carried interest. Usually, carried interest is usually treated as a long-term capital gain and is taxed at a lower rate than regular income.

## Carried Interest in Private Equity

A private equity fund or fund manager’s portion of the profit earned on the sale of an investment is known as carried interest, sometimes known as “*carry*.” It is the most significant portion of the fund manager’s overall income.

*A distribution waterfall* is a method for dividing up investment profits or capital gains among a group or pool of investment participants. The distribution waterfall, which is frequently related to private equity firms, establishes the hierarchy by which payouts are given to limited and general partners.

The general formula for carrying out distribution in Private Equity is,

`Carry Distribution = (X - Y*(1 + H))*I`

Where,

*X = Initial Balance*

*Y = Final Balance*

*H = Hurdle Rate*

*I = Carried Interest*

## Step-by-Step Procedures to Calculate Carried Interest in Excel

Letâ€™s say, we have a dataset that contains information about the calculation of carried interest for the XYZ group. From our dataset, we will calculate a carried interest. We can easily calculate a carried interest in Excel by using the mathematical formula. Hereâ€™s an overview of the dataset for todayâ€™s task.

### Step 1: Create Dataset with Proper Parameters

In this portion, we will enter the heading of carried interest. For instance, initial balance, final balance, percentage of fund transfer after passing several times, and so on.

### Step 2: Calculate Fund Return in Percentage

In this section, we will calculate the fund or balance transfer using the mathematical formula. The performance of the investment fund is measured by either the fund or balance return. For instance, XYZ group invested $5000.00 as the initial balance and after passing several times, the final balance became $8000.00. We will calculate the fund or balance transfer from our dataset. Letâ€™s follow the instructions below to learn!

- First of all, select cell
**C7**and type the below mathematical formula in that cell.

`=(C6/C5-1)*100%`

- Where
**C5**is the initial balance, and**C6**is the final balance.

- Hence, simply press
**Enter**on your keyboard. As a result, you will get the balance return in percentage which is the return of the Mathematical formula. The return is 60%.

### Step 3: Evaluate Hurdle Rate

The lowest rate of return necessary for a project or investment is known as a “*hurdle rate*.” Hurdle rates help businesses decide whether to pursue a particular project. Higher hurdle rates are typically associated with riskier ventures, whereas lower rates are associated with reduced risk. The formula for the Hurdle rate is,

`Hurdle Rate = Cost of Capital + Risk Premium`

For instance, if the cost of capital of the XYZ group is 3% and the risk of premium is 1%, the hurdle rate becomes 4%.

### Step 4: Determine Carried Interest and Carry Distribution

The amount of the overall fund return that the investment fund claims as its performance fee is called “*carried interest.*” The carried interest for the XYZ group is 15%. Hence, we will calculate the carry distribution using our dataset. Letâ€™s follow the instructions below to learn!

- First of all, select cell
**C7**and type the below Mathematical formula in that cell.

`=(C6-C5*(1+C8))*C9`

- Where
**C5**is the initial balance,**C6**is the final balance,**C8**is the hurdle rate, and**C9**is the carried interest.

- Hence, simply press
**Enter**on your keyboard. As a result, you will get the carry distribution which is the return of the mathematical formula. The carry distribution is $420.00. - The portfolio managers won’t receive any carry distributions if the carry distribution is negative because the investment fund performance is below the hurdle rate.

**Read More: **How to Calculate Daily Interest in Excel

**Download Practice Workbook**

Download this practice workbook to exercise while you are reading this article.

## Conclusion

I hope all of the suitable methods mentioned above for carried interest calculation will now provoke you to apply them in your Excel spreadsheets with more productivity. You are most welcome to feel free to comment if you have any questions or queries.

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