# How to Calculate Simple Interest on Reducing Balance in Excel

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When you’re dealing with your personal finance, you have to have clear knowledge about it. Not knowing general financial concepts can lead you to financial disasters. There are two types of financial terms to pay the loan. The first one is Flat Rate Interest and another is Reducing the Balance Rate. If you read this article, you will be clear about these two financial terms. We can easily calculate simple interest on reducing the balance in Excel. This will save you a lot of time and energy. Today, in this article, we’ll learn four quick and suitable steps to calculate the simple interest on reducing the balance in Excel effectively with appropriate illustrations.

## Introduction to Simple Interest on Reducing Balance

There are two types of financial terms to pay the loan. The first one is Flat Rate Interest and another is Reducing the Balance Rate. Reducing the Balance Rate is a better approach when you will handle your loan. And this is widely used by banks and financial institutions. We will calculate the Reducing Rate of Interest using the above loan details.

• A loan of amount \$100,000.00
• Annual percentage rate (APR) 50%
• Tenure of the Loan: 1 year
• Payment Frequency: Monthly

If the Payment Frequency is Monthly, then at first, we have to calculate the Rate for a month:

= Annual Percentage Rate / 12

= 9.50% / 12

= 0.792%

= 0.00792

The next thing is: we have to calculate the monthly PMT for the loan using Excel’s PMT function:

=PMT(rate, nper, loan)

Here,

• rate = 0.00792
• nper = 12; [nper = number of total periods]
• loan = -100,000

It returns the value: (8,768.35)

## 4 Quick Steps to Calculate Simple Interest on Reducing Balance in Excel

Let’s assume we have an Excel large worksheet that contains the information about the simple interest in the reducing balance. We will calculate the simple interest in reducing balance from our dataset using Excel’s PMT, IPMT, and PPMT financial formulas. PMT stands for Payment, IPMT is used to get the interest of payment, and PPMT is used to get the principal payment. We will apply these financial functions to calculate the simple interest in reducing balance. We will do those four easy and quick steps, which are also time-saving. Here’s an overview of the dataset for today’s task. Let’s follow the instructions below to calculate the simple interest on the reducing balance!

### Step 1: Use PMT Function to Calculate Payment

First of all, we will calculate the payment by using the PMT financial function. One can pay one’s payment every week, month, or year by using this function. The syntax of the function is,

=PMT(rate, nper, pv, [fv],[type])

Where rate is the interest rate of the loan, nper is the total number of payments per loan, pv is the present value i.e. the total value of all the loan payments at present, [fv] is future value i.e. the cash balance one wants to have after the last payment is done, and [type] specifies when the payment is due. Let’s follow the instructions below to calculate the payment using the PMT function!

• First, select cell C11 and write down the PMT function in that cell. The PMT function is,
`=PMT(E\$4/E\$6,E\$5*E\$6,E\$7)`
• Where E\$4 is the Annual Interest Rate, E\$6 is the number of payments per year, E\$5 is the number of years, E\$7 is the original price of the car. We use the dollar (\$) sign for the absolute reference of a cell. • Hence, simply press ENTER on your keyboard. As a result, you will get the payment (\$8,768.35) as the output of the PMT function. • Further, AutoFill the PMT function to the rest of the cells in column C. • After completing the above process, you will be able to calculate the payment of the loan per month which has been given in the below screenshot. ### Step 2: Apply IPMT Function to Determine Interest of Payment

After calculating the payment, now, we will calculate the interest of payment by applying the IPMT function. The syntax of the function is,

=IPMT(rate, per, nper, pv, [fv],[type])

Where the rate is the interest rate per period, per is a specific period; must be between 1 and nper, nper is the total number of payment periods in a year, pv is the current value of a loan or investment, [fv]is the nper payments future worth, [type] is the payments behavior. Let’s follow the instructions below to calculate the interest of payment by using the IPMT function!

• First of all, select cell D11 and type the IPMT function in the Formula Bar. The IPMT function in the Formula Bar is,
`=IPMT(E\$4/E\$6,B11,E\$5*E\$6,E\$7)`
• Where E\$4 is the Annual Interest Rate, E\$6 is the number of payments per year, B11 is the number of months, E\$5 is the number of years, and E\$7 is the original price of the car. We use the dollar (\$) sign for the absolute reference of a cell. • Further, simply press ENTER on your keyboard. As a result, you will get the interest of payment (\$791.67) as the output of the IPMT function. • Hence, AutoFill the IPMT function to the rest of the cells in column D.
• After completing the above process, you will be able to calculate the interest of payment of the simple interest on the reducing balance per month which has been given in the below screenshot. ### Step 3: Insert PPMT Function to Calculate Principal of Payment

In this step, we will calculate the principal of payment by using the PPMT function. This is the easiest financial function. The syntax of the function is,

=IPMT(rate, per, nper, pv, [fv],[type])

Where the rate is the interest rate per period, per is a specific period; must be between 1 and nper, nper is the total number of payment periods in a year, PV is the current value of a loan or investment, [fv]is the nper payments future worth, [type] is the payments behavior. Let’s follow the instructions below to calculate the principal of payment by using the PPMT  function.

• First of all, select cell E11 and type the PPMT function in the Formula Bar. The PPMT function in the Formula Bar is,
`=PPMT(E\$4/E\$6,B11,E\$5*E\$6,E\$7)`
• Where E\$4 is the Annual Interest Rate, E\$6 is the number of payments per year, B11 is the number of month, E\$5 is the number of years, E\$7 is the original price of the car. We use the dollar (\$) sign for the absolute reference of a cell. • After that, again, press ENTER on your keyboard. As a result, you will get the interest of payment (\$7,976.68) as the output of the PPMT function. • Further, autoFill the PPMT function to the rest of the cells in column E.
• While performing the above process, you will be able to calculate the principal payment of the simple interest on the reducing balance per month which has been given in the below screenshot. ### Step 4: Use Mathematical Formula to Calculate Simple Interest on Reducing Balance

This is the final step to calculating the simple interest on the reducing balance in Excel. After calculating the payment per month, the interest of payment per month, and the principal of payment per month, now, we will calculate the balance of the loan by using those values. Follow the instructions below to calculate the balance using the mathematical function!

• First of all, select cell F11 to apply the mathematical summation formula. • After selecting cell F11, write down the following formula in the Formula Bar. The formula is,
`=F10+E11`
• Where F10 is the initial price of the car, and E11 is the total payment after the first month. • After that, press ENTER on your keyboard.As a result, you will get the balance after the first month. The balance becomes \$92,023.32 after the first month. • While performing the above process, you will be able to calculate the simple interest on the reducing balance per month. After the 12th month, you will be able to pay the total loan which has been given in the below screenshot. ## Things to Remember

👉 Each month, the loan debt is decreased as a result of your payments. The accumulated interest must decrease as the loan balance decreases.

👉 #DIV/0 error occurs when the denominator is 0 or the reference of the cell is not valid.

👉 The #NUM! error occurs when the per argument is less than 0 or is greater than the nper argument value.

## Conclusion

I hope all of the suitable steps mentioned above to calculate simple interest on the reducing balance will now provoke you to apply them in your Excel spreadsheets with more productivity. You are most welcome to feel free to comment if you have any questions or queries.

## Related Articles Md. Abdur Rahim Rasel

Hi! I'm Md. Abdur Rahim Rasel. Welcome to my Profile. Currently, I am working and doing research on Microsoft Excel and here I will be posting articles related to this. I have completed my graduation in Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering(NAME) from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology(BUET). I have a passion for learning new things with my knowledge through perseverance and hard work.

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