In Microsoft Excel, the MIRR function estimates the likely profitability of an investment or project. In this article, you’ll learn how to use MIRR function in Excel and how it differs from the IRR function.
The above screenshot is an overview of the article which represents the application of the MIRR function in Excel. Granted this, in the following sections, you’ll learn more about the dataset as well as how to use the function.
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Introduction to MIRR Function
In a nutshell, MIRR (Modified Internal Rate of Return) considers the reinvestment of the net present value of the capital inflows at a rate equal to the firm’s cost of capital.
Besides, MIRR gives a more realistic estimation of the profitability of an investment compared to the internal rate of return.
- Function Objective:
The MIRR function considers both the finance and reinvest rates to calculate the modified internal rate of return.
=MIRR(values, finance_rate, reinvest_rate)
- Argument Explanation:
|values||Required||An array consisting of the yearly cash flows|
|finance_rate||Required||The discount rate as a percentage|
|reinvest_rate||Required||The rate of interest (as a percentage) on the reinvested yearly cash flows|
- Return Parameter:
The Modified Internal Rate of Return while taking into account the discount rate and reinvestment rate.
3 Examples of Using MIRR Function in Excel
Now, let’s consider the Yearly Cash Flow of Project Alpha dataset shown in the B4:C15 cells. Here, the dataset shows the Year starting with 0 (Initial investment), the yearly Cash Flows, the Discount Rate of 10%, and the Reinvest Rate of 7.5%.
Here, we have used Microsoft Excel 365 version, you may use any other version according to your convenience.
1. Calculating MIRR of an Investment
In the first place, let us start with a simple example of computing the profitability of an investment using the MIRR function. So, let’s see it in action.
- First and foremost, go to the F7 cell and insert the formula given below.
In this formula, the C5:C15 range of cells refers to the Cash Flows, the F4 cell points to the Discount Rate, and the F5 cell indicates the Reinvest Rate.
- Next, press the ENTER key and the result should look like the image given below.
That’s it you’ve calculated the Modified Internal Rate of Return of the project. It’s that simple!
2. Comparing Two Investments with MIRR Function
Assuming Yearly Cash Flow of Projects Alpha and Beta dataset shown in the B4:D15 cells. Here, we want to compare the Modified Internal Rate of Return of the two projects to determine which is more profitable. Now, we the yearly Cash Flows for both Projects Alpha and Beta, moreover, the Discount and Reinvest Rates are 10% and 7.5% respectively.
- At the very beginning, move to the G7 cell and enter the expression given below.
In this expression, the C5:C15 range of cells refers to the Cash Flows, while the G4 and G5 cells represent the Discount Rate and Reinvest Rate.
- Now, this returns the Modified Internal Rate of Return of Project Alpha, in this case, it is 11.18%.
- Likewise, navigate to the G8 cell and calculate the Modified Internal Rate of Return of Project Beta which is 9.69%.
Eventually, the results should look like the picture shown below, and since the MIRR of Project Alpha is greater than Beta, so it is more profitable.
3. Applying VBA Code
You can also use VBA Code to obtain the Modified Internal Rate of Return of a project, it’s simple & easy, just follow along.
- First, navigate to the Developer tab >> click the Visual Basic button.
This opens the Visual Basic Editor in a new window.
- Second, go to the Insert tab >> select Module.
For your ease of reference, you can copy the code from here and paste it into the window as shown below.
Sub Calculate_MIRR() Dim M_IRR As Double Static Cash_flows(11) As Double Cash_flows(0) = -50000 Cash_flows(1) = 5000 Cash_flows(2) = 8500 Cash_flows(3) = 8000 Cash_flows(4) = 9000 Cash_flows(5) = 10000 Cash_flows(6) = 9500 Cash_flows(7) = 11000 Cash_flows(9) = 13500 Cash_flows(10) = 15000 Cash_flows(11) = 20000 M_IRR = MIRR(Cash_flows(), 0.1, 0.075) M_IRR_pct = Format(M_IRR, "0%") MsgBox "MIRR = " & M_IRR_pct End Sub
⚡ Code Breakdown:
Now, I will explain the VBA code used to calculate MIRR which code is divided into 3 steps.
- In the first portion, the sub-routine is given a name, here it is Calculate_MIRR().
- Next, define the variables M_IRR, and Cash_Flows and assign the data type Double.
- In the second potion, enter all the Cash flows manually.
- In the third portion, use the MIRR function to compute the value and format it as a percentage using the Format function.
- Finally, display the results in the MsgBox function.
- Third, close the VBA window >> click the Macros button.
This opens the Macros dialog box.
- Following this, select the Calculate_MIRR Macro >> hit the Run button.
Consequently, the results should look like the screenshot given below.
Comparing MIRR and IRR Functions
What if you want to compare the MIRR and IRR for the same project? In the following section, we’ll answer this exact question therefore let us see the process in the steps below.
- Initially, jump to the F7 cell and type in the formula below.
Here, the C5:C15 range of cells refers to the Cash Flows, the F4 cell points to the Discount Rate, and the F5 cell indicates the Reinvest Rate.
- From this point, proceed to the F8 and compute the IRR using the expression given below.
Lastly, we can see that the IRR of the project is greater than the MIRR which is an overly optimistic estimation of the profitability.
Shortcomings of MIRR Function
For one thing, experts suggest that because a project’s earnings are not always fully reinvested, so the MIRR function generates a less predictable rate of return. Nevertheless, by changing the reinvest rate, you can compensate for the partial investments.
Things to Remember
In this case, a few issues you may encounter when using the MIRR function in Excel.
- First, a #DIV/0! error results if the values don’t have at least one positive number (referring to the cashflows) and one negative number (indicating the initial investment).
- Second, the #VALUE! error occurs when one of the arguments, finance rate or reinvest rate, is not a numeric value.
- Third, the MIRR function uses the order of values to determine the order of cash flows under the assumption that all cash flows occur at regular intervals and at the end of each year.
Here, we have provided a Practice section on the right side of each sheet so you can practice yourself. Please make sure to do it by yourself.
To sum up, in this article, I have shown you 3 examples of how to use MIRR function in Excel. Now, I suggest you read the full article carefully and apply this knowledge in the practice workbook. which you can also download for free. I hope you find this article helpful and informative and if you have any further queries or recommendations, please feel free to comment here or visit ExcelDemy for many more articles like this.