In this article, we will learn to **create a cash flow statement format** **using the direct method in Excel**. A cash flow statement is prepared to enlist the detailed cash flow of a company for a specific period. Today, we will demonstrate step-by-step procedures. Using these procedures, you can easily create a cash flow statement format using the direct method. So, without any delay, letâ€™s start the discussion.

## Download Template

You can download the template from here.

## What Is Cash Flow Statement?

A cash flow statement is defined as a financial statement that holds information about the cash generated and spent during a certain period of time. It allows you to understand where the money is coming from and how it is spent. The period can vary for a cash flow statement. Generally, the companies make** monthly**, quarterly, half-yearly, or yearly cash flow statements. Sometimes, the period can be more than a year.

## Components of Cash Flow Statement

A cash flow statement covers the inflow and outflow of cash for a company. It has **3 **basic categories of activities. They are **Operating**, **Investing**, and **Financial **activities.

**Operating Activities:**

Operating activities are the leading sources of cash inflow and outflow. Generally, it depicts how much cash is generated from the products or services of a company. It might include activities like sales receipts, payments to suppliers, salaries, rent, taxes, and other operating activities.

**Investing Activities:**

It includes the cash inflow and outflow regarding investing activities. The investing activities can be sales of fixed assets, purchase of a fixed asset, received interest and dividends, equity, and acquisitions. Generally, these are the long-term assets of a companyâ€™s balance sheet.

**Financial Activities:**

Financial activities denote the cash flow from different financial activities. It includes equity shares, repayment of loans, paid interest and dividends, and stock issuance. Usually, these activities are long-term liabilities on a companyâ€™s balance sheet.

## Methods of Creating Cash Flow Statement

There are two approaches to creating a cash flow statement. They are **Direct **and **Indirect methods**.

**Direct Method:**

In the direct method, we have a tendency to add up all the cash receipts and payments of an organization. Payments to suppliers, receipts from customers, and salaries paid to employees are included in this method. We calculate the net increase in cash and cash equivalents and closing balance in this case.

**Indirect Method:**

It derives the cash flow from the operating activities. The net income is collected from the income sheet. The financial statement is generated on an accounting system. Hence, users ought to make changes. It also includes adding back the non-operating expenses that do not affect the cash flow.

## Step-by-Step Procedures to Create Cash Flow Statement Format Using Direct Method in Excel

Today, we will apply the **Direct Method **to generate a cash flow statement format in **Excel**. In the following steps, we will create the template for the cash flow statement first and then, demonstrate the calculation. The steps are quite easy. Letâ€™s observe the steps below to see how we can create a cash flow statement.

### STEP 1: Create Table for Operating Activities

- Firstly, we will have to create a table for the
**Cash Flow from Operating Activities**. - In this table, we will insert the cash flow sources.
- Also, we need to create two columns for the
**Payments**(**$**) and**Receipts**(**$**). - In the
**Payments**(**$**) column, we need to add the amount of the cash outflow. For example, payments to suppliers, expenses, wages & salaries, and income taxes. - In the
**Receipts**(**$**) column, we need to add the amount of the cash inflow. For example, money received from the customers.

- After creating the table, we need to calculate the
**Net Cash**using**the SUM function**. - In order to do that, select
**Cell E10**and type the formula below:

`=SUM(F5:F9)-SUM(E5:E9)`

In this formula, we have subtracted the total money spent from the total money received.

**Read More: ****How to Calculate Operating Cash Flow in Excel (2 Easy Ways)**

### STEP 2: Design Table for Investing Activities

- Secondly, we need to design a table for inserting the investing activities.
- Here, we have included sales of fixed assets, purchase of fixed assets, received interest, and dividends. There can also be other sources of investing activities depending on the company.
- The money generated from the sales of fixed assets will go into the
**Receipts**(**$**) section and others will be enlisted in the**Payment**(**$**) section.

- In the following step, select
**Cell E18**and type the formula below to calculate the**Net Cash**:

`=SUM(F14:F17)-SUM(E14:E17)`

**Read More: ****How to Calculate Net Cash Flow in Excel (3 Suitable Examples)**

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**How to Calculate Present Value of Future Cash Flows in Excel****Apply Discounted Cash Flow Formula in Excel****How to Calculate Payback Period in Excel (With Easy Steps)****Calculate IRR in Excel for Monthly Cash Flow (4 Ways)****How to Calculate Future Value of Uneven Cash Flows in Excel**

### STEP 3: Generate Table for Financing Activities

- In the third step, we need to generate a table for financial activities like the previous two tables.
- Here, equity shares, repayment of loans, paid interest, and dividends are the financing activities.

- After that, select
**Cell E26**and type the formula below:

`=SUM(F22:F25)-SUM(E22:E25)`

**Read More: ****Cash Flow Statement Format in Excel for Construction Company**

### STEP 4: Insert Formula to Find Cash and Cash Equivalents

- After inserting the operating, investing, and financial activities, we need to find the
**Net Increase**,**Opening,**and**Closing**cash and cash equivalents.

- In order to get the
**Net Increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents**, select**Cell E28**and type the formula below:

`=E10+E18+E26`

In this case,

**E10**is the**Net Cash from Operating Activities**.**E18**is the**Net Cash from Investing Activities**.**E26**is the**Net Cash from Financial Activities**.

- The value of
**Opening Cash and Cash Equivalents**is extracted from the balance sheet. - To find the amount of
**Closing Cash and Cash Equivalents**, type the formula below in**Cell E30**:

`=E28+E29`

**Read More: ****How to Prepare Daily Cash Flow Statement Format in Excel**

### STEP 5: Determine Net Cash from Different Activities

- In this step, we will insert the values of the
**Operating Activities**. - As a result, the
**Net Cash**will update automatically.

- Also, we need to add the cash flow from investing activities.

- Finally, we will insert the values of
**Financing Activities**. Here, the**Net Cash**is negative.

**Read More: ****How to Calculate Cumulative Cash Flow in Excel (with Quick Steps)**

### STEP 6: Calculate Cash and Cash Equivalents

- Lastly, you need to type the
**Opening Cash and Cash Equivalents**amount in**Cell E29**.

- As a result, the
**Closing Cash and Cash Equivalents**amount updates automatically.

**Read More: ****How to Create Weekly Cash Flow Statement Format in Excel**

## Conclusion

In this article, we have discussed step-by-step procedures to create a **Cash Flow Statement Format Using the Direct Method in Excel**. I hope this article will help you to perform your tasks efficiently. Furthermore, we have also added the practice book at the beginning of the article. To test your skills, you can download it to exercise. Moreover, you can visit **the ExcelDemy website** for more articles like this. Lastly, if you have any suggestions or queries, feel free to ask in the comment section below.