Excel ENGINEERING Functions (50++ Functions)

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Excel Engineering Functions are the 54 Excel functions that are most preferably used in engineering applications. Engineers may find these Excel functions helpful for performing simple simulations as well as for creating some mathematical models.

In this article, we will show you how to use all the engineering functions available in Excel. We will categorize these functions into eight different sections based on their applications. In the image below, we have shown an overview of some of the engineering Excel functions.

Overview to Excel Engineering Functions

Go through the entire article to learn all the engineering functions in Excel.


1. Using the CONVERT Function to Convert Between Units of Measurement

The CONVERT function in Excel converts a number from one unit type to another. This function offers a wide range of conversion units for length, area, volume, and other scientific measurements. You can get the full conversion table in the main article of the CONVERT function.

To convert a gram unit into a pound mass unit, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the formula:
    =CONVERT(B6,"g","lbm")
    Here, B6 is the cell that contains the number value you want to convert.
    Converting Between Mesaurement Units

2. Using Bessel Functions

Bessel’s equation is applicable when separable solutions are found to Laplace’s equation and the Helmholtz equation. These two famous equations are found in the coordinates of different types of shapes. Thus, Bessel functions are especially important for evaluating different types of functions.

To calculate the In(x) function, also known as the hyperbolic Bessel function, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =BESSELI(B6,C6)
    Here, B6 is the number where the function will be evaluated, and C6 is the order of the function.
    Calculating BESSELI Function

Similarly, to calculate the Jn(x) function, use the following formula:

=BESSELJ(B6,C6)

To calculate the Kn(x) use the following formula:

=BESSELK(B6,C6)

To calculate the Weber function or the Neumann function Yn(x), use the following formula:

=BESSELY(B6,C6)


3. Using Engineering Functions to Convert Numbers Between Bases

3.1 Convert Binary Numbers into Other Bases

The BIN2DEC function is the dedicated Excel function to convert a binary value into a decimal.

To convert binary numbers into decimals, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =BIN2DEC(B6)
    Here, B6 is the cell containing the binary number.
    Converting Binary to Decimal

Similarly, to convert the binary numbers into the hexadecimal base, use the following formula:

=BIN2HEX(B6)

To convert the binary numbers into the octal base, use the following formula:

=BIN2OCT(B6)

Note: The number should not be longer than 10 characters; otherwise, the #NUM error will appear.


3.2 Convert Decimal Numbers into Other Bases

The DEC2BIN function converts decimal numbers into binary numbers.
To convert decimal numbers into binary numbers, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =DEC2BIN(B6)
    Here, B6 is the cell containing the decimal number.
    Converting Decimal Number to Binary Number

Similarly, to convert the decimal numbers into the hexadecimal base, use the following formula:

=DEC2HEX(B6)

To convert the decimal numbers into the octal base, use the following formula:

=DEC2OCT(B6)


3.3 Convert Hexadecimal Numbers into Other Bases

The HEX2BIN function converts hexadecimal numbers into binary numbers.
To convert hexadecimal numbers into binary numbers, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =HEX2BIN(B6)
    Here, B6 is the cell containing the hexadecimal number.
    Converting Hexadecimal Number to Binary Number

Similarly, to convert the hexadecimal numbers into the decimal numbers, use the following formula:

=HEX2DEC(B6)

To convert the hexadecimal numbers into the octal base, use the following formula:

=HEX2OCT(B6)


3.4 Convert Octal Numbers into Other Bases

The OCT2BIN function converts octal numbers into binary numbers.
To convert octal numbers into binary numbers, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =OCT2BIN(B6)
    Here, B6 is the cell containing the octal number.
    Converting Octal Number to Binary Number

Similarly, to convert the octal numbers into the decimal base, use the following formula:

=OCT2DEC(B6)

To convert the octal numbers into the hexadecimal base, use the following formula:

=OCT2HEX(B6)


4. Using Engineering Functions to Calculate Error Functions

To calculate the Error function between two limits, Excel offers the ERF function.

To calculate the Error function, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =ERF(B6,C6)
    Here, B6 and C6 cells are the upper and lower limits of the Error function.
    Calculating Error Function with ERF Function

Similarly, the ERF.PRECISE function integrates considering one limit to zero(0). This function was introduced in the Excel 2010 version. Previously, the ERF function could not take negative values as limits. But in this improved version, it takes negative function arguments.

To calculate the Error function considering the one limit to zero (0), use the following formula:

=ERF.PRECISE(B6)

Additionally, you can calculate the complementary Error function with the ERFC function. It takes the lower limit as an argument, and the upper limit is always infinity.

To calculate the complementary error function between a limit and infinity, use the following formula:

=ERFC(B6)

Similarly, to calculate the complementary Error function for negative values, use the following formula:
=ERFC.PRECISE(B6)


5. Using Engineering Functions to Calculate Bitwise Values

Excel Engineering offers some functions to calculate the bitwise values. These functions are BITAND, BITOR, BITXOR, BITLSHIFT, and the BITRSHIFT functions. All these functions take decimal values as arguments and then convert them into binary digits. Then, calculate a binary digit according to functions. Finally, these functions convert the resulting binary value into a decimal.

To calculate a bitwise ‘And’ of two numbers, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =BITAND(B6,C6)
    Here, B6 and C6 are the two decimal values.
    Performing Bitwise Operation

Here, the BITAND function calculates the binary values of 10 (1010) and 11 (1011) at first. Both the digits have 1 in the 2nd and 4th positions from the right. So, the return binary value will be 1010. Converting 1010 into a decimal value returns 10.

To calculate a bitwise ‘Or’ of two numbers, use the following formula:

=BITOR(B6,C6)

To calculate a bitwise ‘Exclusive Or’ of two numbers, use the following formula:

=BITXOR(B6,C6)

To calculate a number shifted left by a specified number of bits, use the following formula:

=BITLSHIFT(B6,C6)

To calculate a number shifted right by a specified number of bits, use the following formula:

=BITRSHIFT(B6,C6)


6. Using the DELTA Function to Test Whether Two Numbers Are Equal

The DELTA function differentiates between two numbers. If the two numbers are equal, it returns 1; otherwise, it returns 0.

To test whether two numbers are equal, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =DELTA(B6,C6)
    Here, the cells B6 and C6 are the two numbers.
    Test Whether Two Numbers Are Equal Using DELTA Function

7. Using the GESTEP Function to Test Whether a Number Is Greater Than the Other

You can also test whether one number is greater than another. The GESTEP function tests the two numbers and returns 1 for greater than or equal value, and otherwise returns 0.

To test whether a number is greater than or equal to another, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =GESTEP(B6,C6)Test Whether A Number Is Greater Than Other Using GESTEP Function

8. Using Engineering Functions for Complex Numbers

8.1 Creating a Complex Number

The COMPLEX function creates a complex number with the given values of real and imaginary coefficients.

To create a complex number in Excel, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =COMPLEX(B6,C6)
    Here, cells B6 and C6 are the values of real and imaginary coefficients.
    Creating Complex Number with COMPLEX Function

To find the only real coefficient of a complex number, use the following formula:

=IMREAL(E6)
Here, cell E6 contains the complex number and will return the real coefficient 10.

To find the only imaginary coefficient of a complex number, use the following formula with the IMAGINARY function:

=IMAGINARY(E6)
Here, cell E6 contains the complex number and will return the imaginary coefficient 9.

To find the conjugate complex number, use the following formula:
=IMCONJUGATE(E6)

Here, cell E6 contains the complex number and will return the conjugate complex number 10-9i.


8.2 Finding Modulus and Argument of Complex Number

The IMARGUMENT and the IMABS functions calculate the arguments and the modulus of complex numbers.

To find the argument of a given complex number, follow the procedures below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =IMARGUMENT(D6)
    Here, cell D6 contains the complex number 10+9i.
    Finding Arguments of Complex Number

To calculate the modulus of the complex number, use the following formula:
=IMABS(D6)


8.3 Calculating Sine Values of Complex Numbers

Calculating the sine values of a complex number is not a big deal. The IMSIN function calculates the sine value and eases the trigonometric operation for complex numbers.

To calculate the sine values, follow the procedures below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =IMSIN(B6)
    Here, the B6 cell contains the complex number 5+3i.
    Caculating Sine of Complex Number

To calculate the hyperbolic sine of a complex number, use the following formula:
=IMSINH(B6)


8.4 Calculating Cosine Values of Complex Numbers

The IMCOS function calculates the cosine value of complex numbers.

To calculate the cosine values of complex numbers, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =IMCOS(B6)
    Here, the B6 cell contains the complex number.
    Caculating Cosine of Complex Number

To calculate the hyperbolic cosine of the complex number, use the following formula:
=IMCOSH(B6)


8.5 Calculating Tangent Values of Complex Numbers

The IMTAN function calculates the tangent value of complex numbers.

To calculate the tangent values of complex numbers, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =IMTAN(B6)
    Here, the B6 cell contains the complex number.
    Caculating Tangent of Complex Number

To calculate the hyperbolic tangent of the complex number, use the following formula:
=IMTANH(B6)


8.6 Calculating Secant Values of Complex Numbers

Along with the sine, cosine, and tangent values of complex numbers, Excel offers the IMSEC function to find the secant value.

To calculate the secant value, follow the procedures below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =IMSEC(B6)
    Here, B6 is the cell that contains the complex number.
    Caculating Secant of Complex Number

To find the hyperbolic secant value of this particular complex number, use the following formula:
=IMSECH(B6)


8.7 Calculating Cosecant Values of Complex Numbers

You may also need to find the cosecant values of complex numbers right now. So, you can use the IMCSC function in a similar manner.

To calculate the cosecant values by using the IMCSC function, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =IMCSC(B6)
    Here, the B6 cell contains the complex number.
    Caculating Cosecant of Complex Number

To find the hyperbolic cosecant values by using the IMCSCH function, use the following formula:

=IMCSCH(B6)


8.8 Calculating Sum and Subtraction of Complex Number

The IMSUM and IMSUB functions calculate the sum and subtraction of two complex numbers.

To calculate the sum of two complex numbers, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =IMSUM(B6,C6)
    Here, cells B6 and C6 contain two complex numbers.
    Caculating Sum of Complex Number

To calculate the subtraction of two complex numbers, use the following formula:
=IMSUB(B6,C6)


8.8 Calculating Product and Division of Complex Number

The IMPRODUCT and IMDIV functions calculate the product and division of two complex numbers.

To calculate the product of two complex numbers, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =IMPRODUCT(B6,C6)
    Here, cells B6 and C6 contain two complex numbers.
    Caculating Product of Complex Number

To calculate the division of two complex numbers, use the following formula:
=IMDIV(B6,C6)


8.9 Calculating the Power Value of Complex Number

The IMPOWER function calculates the power value of any complex number.

To calculate the power value of any complex number, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =IMPOWER(B6,3)
    Here, B6 is the cell containing the complex number, and 3 is the power value.
    Calculating Power Value of Complex Number

To particularly calculate the square root of a complex number, you can use the IMSQRT function. Use the following formula:
=IMSQRT(B6)


8.10 Calculating Logarithmic Value of Complex Numbers

The IMLN function calculates the natural logarithm of a complex number.

To calculate the natural logarithm of a complex number, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =IMLN(B6)
    Here, B6 contains a complex number.
    Caculating Natural Logarithm of Complex Number

Additionally, you can also calculate the logarithm value for 2 and 10 bases.

To calculate the 2-base logarithm of a complex number, use the following formula:
=IMLOG2(B6)

To calculate the 10-base logarithm of a complex number, use the following formula:
=IMLOG10(B6)


8.11 Calculating Exponential Value of Complex Numbers

The IMEXP function calculates the exponential value of a complex number.

To calculate the exponential value of a complex number, follow the steps below:

  1. Select a cell.
  2. Type the following formula:
    =IMEXP(B6)
    Here, B6 contains a complex number.
    Calculating Exponential Value of Complex Numbers

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Conclusion

This article will help you recognize all the engineering functions and their applications. We hope that this article will help a lot of academic and engineering professionals. Notably, these functions also have a wide range of use in general sectors, along with engineering. Feel free to ask any queries.


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Bhubon Costa
Bhubon Costa

Bhubon Costa, B.Sc. in Naval Architecture & Marine Engineering from Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology, has worked with the ExcelDemy since 2021. Currently, he has been working as a reviewer. Notably, he has written over 90 articles and led several VBA content development teams. He has a great passion for the fields of data analytics and data science. His areas of expertise include Excel VBA, Power Query, Pivot Table, Power BI, MySQL, PostgreSQL, machine learning, and Python... Read Full Bio

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