It is mandatory for every eligible citizen to pay income tax on time. Sometimes, it is hard to determine the amount of tax based on oneâ€™s income. In this article, we will show you four easy ways of income tax computation in Excel format.

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## Income Tax Computation in Excel Format: 4 Suitable Solutions

An *income tax *is a kind of tax that the government of one country imposes on its citizens based on their individual income. One of the main duties of citizens is to pay their taxes regularly. In this article, you will see the use of taxable income, tax brackets, the** IF** function, and the** VLOOKUP** function for the computation of income tax in Excel format. You can see a sample data set given below that will help us compute income tax in Excel format.

### 1. Utilizing Taxable Income for Computation of Income Tax in Excel Format

This is the easiest method to compute income tax in Excel format. You can calculate income tax from taxable income. The steps for this method are as follows.

**Step 1:**

- Firstly, you will calculate taxable income from gross income.

**Step 2:**

- To calculate the taxable income, subtract total deductions and total exemptions from gross income in cell
. Here is the following formula:*E5*

`=B5-C5-D5`

- Then, after pressing
, you will see the taxable income in cell*Enter*.*E5*

**Step 3:**

- Now, considering an income below
**$10,500**, the tax rate is**10%**. - As the taxable income in cell
is*E5***$10,200,**calculate the tax in cellusing the following formula.*E6*

`=E5*10/100`

- Finally, after pressing
you will compute the payable tax in cell*Enter,*.*E6*

**Read More:** Computation of Income Tax Format in Excel for Companies

### 2. Using Tax Brackets for Computation of Income Tax in Excel Format

Now, you will see another method to compute income tax progressively using tax brackets in Excel format. Tax brackets are determined by the federal government for different ranges of income. To compute income tax in Excel by using this method, see the following step.

**Step 1:**

- Firstly, we will calculate taxable income from gross income like the previous method.

- To calculate the taxable income, we will subtract the total deductions and total exemptions from gross income in cell
. Write down the following formula for the calculation.*B8*

`=B5-C5-D5`

- Then, after pressing
, we will see the taxable income in cell*Enter*.*B8*

**Step 2:**

- Now, we will calculate the tax according to the tax bracket.
- To do so, we will divide the taxable income according to the tax bracket.
- Our taxable income is between
**$89,075**and**$170,050**(4th tax bracket) in the taxable income bracket. - So, the tax will be calculated till the 4th bracket, that is
**10%**,**12%**,**22%**, and then**24%**on income. - First, we will calculate the tax for the first
**$10,275**with a tax rate of**10%**from the taxable income in cellusing the following formula.*F11*

`=10275*10/100`

- Secondly, we will subtract
**$10,275**from**$41,775**and then calculate the tax with the associated tax rate in cellwith the formula written below.*F12*

`=31500*20/100`

- Thirdly, we will subtract
**$41,775**from**$89,075**and calculate the tax with the associated tax rate in celljust like the previous step by using the formula below.*F13*

`=47300*22/100`

- Finally, for the last tax bracket, we will subtract
**$89,075**from**$11,5000**. - We wonâ€™t subtract
**$89,075**from**$170,050**according to the tax bracket. Because the last limit of the taxable income is**$115,000**. - Then, we will calculate the tax with the associated tax rate in cell
using the following formula.*F14*

`=25925*24/100`

**Step 3:**

- Now, we will add all the tax values from the previous step and get the total tax by using the following equation in cell
.*E8*

`=F11+F12+F13+F14`

- Finally, after pressing
, you will compute the total tax in cell*Enter*.*C8*

### 3. Applying IF Function for Computation of Income Tax in Excel Format

To compute income tax in **Excel** format, you can also use **the IF function**. The formula for this function becomes quite lengthy but works quite fast. Let us see the following steps to compute income tax in the Excel format by using the IF function.

**Step 1:**

- First, take the following data set to compute tax by using the
**IF**function.

**Step 2:**

- Then, use the following formula of the
**IF**function to compute the income tax for Nathan in cell.*D5*

`=IF(C5<$C$12,"$0",IF(C5<=$C$13,(C5-8000)*$D$13,IF(C5<=$C$14,(C5-15000)*$D$14,IF(C5<=$C$15,(C5-22000)*$D$15,IF(C5<=$C$16,(C5-29000)*$D$16,IF(C5>$C$16,(C5-36000)*$D$17))))))`

- Then, press
to see the value of income tax in cell*Enter*.*D5*

- Finally, use
**AutoFill**to drag the formula to the lower cell until you get the output.

**Step 3:**

- Now, compute the highest tax in cell
by using the following formula.*E12*

`=(B13-B12)*D12`

- Then, press
to see the result in cell*Enter*.*E12*

- Finally, use
**AutoFill**to drag the formula to the lower cell until you obtain the output.

**Step 4:**

- Now, compute the cumulative tax in cell
by applying the following formula.*F12*

`=(C13-C12)*E12`

- Then, press
to see the result in cell*Enter*.*F12*

- As the cumulative summation will begin from the following cell, type the following formula in cell
to get the cumulative tax value.*F13*

`=E12+E13`

- Then, press
to get the value.*Enter*

- Finally, use
**AutoFill**to drag the formula to the lower cell until you obtain the output.

**Step 5:**

- To compute the individual cumulative tax for Nathan, type the following formula in cell
.*E5*

`=F12+D5`

- Then, press
to get the individual cumulative tax for Nathan in cell*Enter*.*E5*

- Finally, use
**AutoFill**to drag the formula to the lower cell for computing individual income tax.

### 4. Inserting VLOOKUP Function for Computation of Income Tax in Excel Format

You can compute income tax using **the VLOOKUP function** of Excel. It is a bit of a lengthy process. Let us show you the procedure to compute income tax in Excel format by inserting the** VLOOKUP** function.

**Step 1:**

- First, take the following data set to compute tax using the
**VLOOKUP**function.

**Step 2:**

- Then, use the following formula of the
**VLOOKUP**function to compute the income tax for Nathan in cell.*D5*

`=VLOOKUP(C5,$B$12:$D$17,3,TRUE)+(C5-VLOOKUP(C5,$B$12:$D$17,1,TRUE))*VLOOKUP(C5,$B$12:$D$17,3,TRUE)`

- Then, press
to see the value of income tax in cell*Enter*.*D5*

- Finally, use
**AutoFill**to drag the formula to the lower cell until you want the output.

**Step 3:**

- Now, compute the highest tax in cell
using the following formula.*E12*

`=(B13-B12)*D12`

- Then, press
to see the result in cell*Enter*.*E12*

- Finally, use
**AutoFill**to drag the formula to the lower cell until you get the output.

**Step 4:**

- Now, compute the cumulative tax in cell
using the following formula.*F12*

`=(C13-C12)*E12`

- Then, press
to see the result in cell*Enter*.*F12*

- As the cumulative summation will begin from the following cell, type the following formula in cell
to get the cumulative tax value.*F13*

`=E12+E13`

- Then, press
to get the value.*Enter*

- Finally, use
**AutoFill**to drag the formula to the lower cell till you want the output.

**Step 5:**

- To compute the individual cumulative tax for Nathan, type the following formula in cell
.*E5*

`=F12+D5`

- Then, press
to get the individual cumulative tax for Nathan in cell*Enter*.*E5*

- Finally, use
**AutoFill**to drag the formula to the lower cell for computing individual income tax.

**Things to Remember**

- While computing income tax by using the
**VLOOKUP**function, you must lock the value of the table array using. Otherwise, you will not get the real value when you use**F4****AutoFill**to drag the formula in the lower cells. - Similarly, while using the
**IF**function, you must lock the value of the logical test using. You will face the same problem.**F4**

**Download Practice Workbook**

You can download the free Excel workbook from here and practice on your own.

**Conclusion**

Thatâ€™s the end of this article. I hope you find this article helpful. After reading this article, you will be able to compute income tax in Excel format by using any of the methods. Please share any further queries or recommendations with us in the comments section below.