Operators specify the type of calculation that you want to perform on the elements of a formula. There are four different types of calculation operators in Excel: arithmetic, comparison, text concatenation, and reference. Two of the conditional operators in Excel are Greater than (>) and Less than (<). Today, in this tutorial I will explain to you different ways to use these two conditional operators.

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**How to Perform Greater than and Less than in Excel: 5 Methods**

Let’s assume we have an Excel worksheet that contains information on various outlets of a chain restaurant all across the United States. The Excel worksheet contains sales and expenditure amounts for each of these restaurants. We will use comparison operators i.e., **greater than (>)** and **less than (<)** to find out if an outlet earned profit or incurred loss. We will also use these greater than and less than Excel operators to count and sum all the sales amounts above or below a certain amount, determine the tax rate based on the sales amount, for conditional formatting, and, apply them to text values. The image below depicts the Excel worksheet we are going to work with.

**1. Greater than and Less than in Excel to Compare Cell Values**

We can use the greater than and less than conditional operators between two cell values to compare them. Most of the time, conditional operators are used to compare numbers. The greater than operator (>) returns TRUE if the first value is greater than the second value. The less than operator (<) returns TRUE if the first value is less than the second value.

**Steps:**

- For example, take a look at the formula in cell
**E5**below. We are comparing the sales amount in cell**C5**with the expenditure amount in cell**D5**. - We have written the below formula to compare these values.

`=C5>D5`

- Upon pressing
**ENTER**, we will get the Boolean value**TRUE**in cell**E5**. The sales amount (**C5**) is greater than the expenditure amount (**D5**). Hence, the cell is showing**TRUE**.

- We will do the same for the rest of the cells in this column by dragging down the fill handle.

- After releasing the fill handle, all the cells in the Status column will show boolean values after comparing the corresponding
**Sales**and**Expenditure**values in respective rows.

- We can also use both conditional operators together to compare if any two values are equal or not. Write down the below formula in
**E5**. This formula will return**TRUE**if the two values are not equal. It will return**FALSE**if the two values are equal.

`=C5<>D5`

- As the
**Sales (C5)**and**Expenditure (D5)**values are not equal, the conditional operators will return**TRUE**. If we drag the fill handle to autofill the rest of the cells, it will return boolean values for every cell comparing the corresponding**Sales**and**Expenditure**values in the respective rows.

- We will see that it returns for cells
**E10**and**E12**as the Sales and Expenditure values in corresponding cells are equal.

**Read More:** How to Use Greater Than or Equal to Operator in Excel Formula

**2. Greater Than and Less Than Excel Comparison Operators in Arguments of Excel Functions**

The main use of comparison operators is in different Excel functions like **IF**, **SUMIF****,** **COUNTIF,** Etc. Let’s see how we can use them with different Excel functions to find out if an outlet is gaining profit or incurring a loss, count and sum up all the sales amount above $1000.

**2.1 Comparison Operators with the IF Function**

**Steps:**

- First, we will find out if an outlet is earning profit or incurring a loss. We will use
**the IF function**and Greater than (>) comparison operator for that. We will write the below formula in cell**E5,**

`=IF(C5>D5, "Profit", "Loss")`

**IF**function will compare the Sales with Expenditure. If the**Sales**are greater than the**Expenditure****,**then it will return the value**“True”****.**If**Sales**are less than**Expenditure****,**then it will return**“Loss”****.**Upon pressing Enter, we will get the value**True**for the first outlet in**Nashville****.**

- We will drag the fill handle downward to fill the other cells in this column with the same formula.

**2.2 Comparison Operators with the COUNTIF Function**

**Steps:**

- We will now use
**the COUNTIF function**to count all the sales amounts that are greater than $1000. Write down the below formula in cell**F16.**

`=COUNTIF(C5:C14, ">1000")`

This function will count all the values in the **Sales (C5:C14)** column that is greater than 1000.

- Upon entering the formula, we get the value
**7**. We have**7**sales amounts that are greater than 1000.

**2.3 Comparison Operators with the SUMIF Function**

**Steps:**

- We can also use the conditional operators with
**the SUMIF function**, to sum up, all the sales amounts that are greater than $1000. Write down the below formula in cell**F16.**

`=SUMIF(C5:C14, ">1000")`

This function will sum up all the values in the **Sales** **(C5:C14)** column that is greater than **1000****.**

- Upon entering the formula, we get the value
**13500****.**The sum of all sales values above 1000 is**13500****.**

**Read More:** How to Apply ‘If Greater Than’ Condition In Excel

**3. Comparison Operators in Excel Mathematical Operations**

Sometimes conditional operators can be used as a substitution of Excel formulas. Using conditional operators will reduce the formula significantly. We will substitute the **IF** function below with conditional operators.

**Steps:**

- We will use the below
**IF**function to calculate the tax to be paid by each outlet based on their sales amount.

`=IF(C5>1500, C5*0.2, C5*0.1)`

This **IF** function will determine **20%** as the tax rate for the sales amounts that are greater than **$****1500** and multiply the tax rate with the sales amount. It will assume **10%** as the tax rate for the rest of the sales amount that is less than **$1500.**

- We can replace this
**IF**formula with a formula constructed using only conditional operators.

` =(C5>1500)*(C5*0.2)+(C5<=1500)*(C5*0.1)`

If a value in cell **C5** is greater than **1500****,** then **C5>1500 **will be **TRUE****,** and hence will be equal to 1. On the contrary, **C5<=1500** will be **FALSE** and return **0**. As in this example **C5>1500****,** our formula can be interpreted like below:

`1*(C5*0.2)+0*(C5*0)`

- If we drag the fill handle downward, we will get the tax amounts for the rest of the sales values.

**Read More:** How to Use Logical Operators in Excel

**4. Comparison Operators in Excel Conditional Formatting**

We can use comparison operators for** conditional formatting**. For this example, we will use **conditional formatting** with a **greater than (>)** conditional operator to find out the tax values greater than $300.

**Steps 1:**

- First, we will go to
**Conditional Formatting**located in the**Styles**section under the**Home**ribbon. Then, we will select**New****Rule**from the drop-down list.

- We will select
**Use a formula to determine which cells to format**from the**Select a Rule Type**list. - Then, we will enter
**=F5>300**as the rule. - We will click on the
**Format**button and select a color to highlight our cells. For this example, we have selected**Red**color. - Lastly, click on the
**OK**button.

**Step 2:**

- A new dialogue box titled
**Conditional Formatting Rules Manager**will appear. We will only just click**OK****.**

- Upon clicking
**OK****,**cell F5 will turn red as mentioned in the rule of conditional formatting as the value is greater than 300. We drag the fill handle to apply the conditional formatting to the rest of the cells in the**Tax**column.

**5. Greater Than and Less Than Excel Comparison Operators with Text Values**

We can also use conditional operators to compare the text values. For example, we can compare the outlet names for this example. When comparing text values, Microsoft Excel ignores their case and compares the values symbol by symbol, “a” being considered the lowest text value and “z” – the highest text value.

**Steps:**

- We will compare the name of the first outlet (Nashville) with the rest of the outlets. Write down the formula below in cell
**C6**under the**Status**column.

` =$B$5>B6`

We have added two **$** signs for cell B5. We are comparing the name of the first outlet with the rest of the outlets. So, when using the fill handle to auto-fill the rest of the cells, we do not want this cell reference to be changed. So, we are using **$** signs to make the cell reference absolute.

- Upon entering the formula we will get the Boolean value
**TRUE****.**We will drag the fill handle to apply the formula to the rest of the cells.

**Read More: **Excel Boolean Operators: How to Use Them?

**Things to Remember**

- If we do not insert any number as the second argument for the
**RIGHT**function, it will just extract the last character of the string. - If the second argument exceeds the total length or character of the string, then it will return the whole string or text.

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**Conclusion**

In this article, we have learned to use greater and less than Excel conditional operators. I hope from now on you would find it very easy to use greater than and less than Excel conditional operators. If you have any queries or recommendations about this article, please leave a comment below. Have a great day!!!

## Further Readings

- ‘Not Equal to’ Operator in Excel
- What is the Order of Operations in Excel
- Reference Operator in Excel
- How to Use Less Than Or Equal to Operator in Excel

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