If you want to calculate the **present value of uneven cash flows in Excel**, you have come to the right place. Here, we will walk you through** 3 easy **methods to do the task smoothly.

**Table of Contents**hide

## Download Practice Workbook

You can download the **Excel file** and practice while you are reading this article.

## What Is Present Value?

**Present value **(**PV**) is the present worth of a stream of cash flow or money that is to be gained in the future. It is the cash value of today compared to money someday in the future. The concept of **Present Value** is used in the stock marketâ€™s valuation, bond price, financial sectors, and in analyzing different investment fields.

## What Is Uneven Cash Flow?

When the amount of cash flow is not similar for the years, meaning that one yearâ€™s cash flow is different from another yearâ€™s cash flow then it is called **Uneven Cash Flow**. It is also called irregular cash flow.

## 3 Methods to Calculate Present Value of Uneven Cash Flows in Excel

The following dataset has the **Year** and **Cash Flows** columns. Along with that, you can see the **Discount Rate** in cell** C11**.Â We will use this data table to calculate the **present value of uneven cash flows**. To do so, we will go through **3 easy** methods. Here, we used **Excel 365**. You can use any available Excel version.

### 1. Using Generic Formula to Calculate Present Value of Uneven Cash Flows in Excel

In this method, we will use a **generic formula **to calculate the **present value of uneven cash flows in Excel**.

We know that the **generic formula** for calculating the **Present Value (PV) for a particular year** is

`PV = CFn/(1 + r)^n`

Here,

**CFn**is the cash flow for a particular year**n**is the number of years**r**is the interest or discount rate for the year

Using this formula, we will calculate the present value for each particular year. After calculating all the yearâ€™s **present values**, we will use **the SUM function** to add all the **present values**. This will give us the **Present Value (PV) of the uneven cash flows**.

Letâ€™s go through the following steps to do the task.

- First of all,Â to calculate the present value of year
**1**, we will type the following formula in cell**D5**.

`=C5/(1+$C$11)^B5`

** **

**Â ****Formula Breakdown**

**C5 â†’**is the**Cash Flow**for year**1**, which is**$1000**.**$C$11 â†’**is the**discount rate**, which is**13%**. As the discount rate is the same for all the years we lock cell**D5**.**B5****â†’**is the number of years, here**B5**is**1**.**$1000/(1+13%)^1 â†’**becomes**Output: $884.96****Explanation**:**$884.96**is the**present value**for year**1**.

- After that, press
**ENTER**.

As a result, you can see the result in cell **D5**.

- Moreover, we will
**drag down**the formula with the**Fill Handle tool**.

As a result, you can see in the cells** D5:D9**, the present value for each year.

Next, we have to calculate the total **present value of uneven cash flows**. To do so we will use **the Sum function**.

- Afterward, we will type the following formula in cell
**C12**.

`=SUM(D5:D9)`

Here, **the Sum function** adds the cells from **D5** to **D9**. Therefore, all the present values of the cash flows will be added up to a single present value.

- Furthermore, press
**ENTER**.

Therefore, in cell **C12** you can see the **Present Value**.

### 2. Using NPV Function in Excel

In this method, we will use **the NPV function** to calculate the **present value of uneven cash flows**. **The NPV function** helps to quickly calculate the **present value of uneven cash flows**.

Letâ€™s go through the following steps to do the task.

- First of all, we will type the following formula in cell
**C12**.

`=NPV(C11,C5:C9)`

** **

**Formula Breakdown**

**NPV(C11,C5:C9)****â†’ the NPV function**uses a discount rate and series of cash flows to find out the net present value of a financing system.**C11****â†’**is the**discount rate**.**C5:C9****â†’**is the**series of cash flows**.**NPV(13%,$1000:$2300)****â†’**becomes**Output: $5389.54****Explanation: $5389.54**is the present value of uneven cash flows.

- After that, press
**ENTER**.

As a result, you can see the **Present Value **in cell **C12**.

### 3. Applying PV Function to Calculate Present Value of Uneven Cash Flows in Excel

In this method, we will apply **the PV function** to calculate the **present value of uneven cash flows**. Hare, using **the PV function **we will calculate the **present value** for a particular year of investment.

Along with that, we will calculate the present value for each year using** the PV function** , and after that, we will use **the SUM function** to add up the present values for all the years. Hence, we will get the** present values of uneven cash flow**.

Letâ€™s go through the following steps to do the task.

- First of all, we will type the following formula in cell
**D5**.

`=PV($C$11,B5,0,C5)`

**Formula Breakdown**

**PV($C$11,B5,0,C5) â†’**based on a constant**interest rate**,**the PV function**calculates the present value of a cash flow.**$C$11 â†’**is the**interest rate**. In this case, it is**13%**.**B5****â†’**is the**nper**, which is the total number of payment periods. Here, the payment period is**1**.**0 â†’**is the**pmt**that is the payment made on each period. As there is no payment made in our case, therefore,**pmt**is**0**.**C5 â†’**is the**fv**, which is the future value of money. Here,**fv**is the**cash flow**in year**1**. Therefore, it is**$1000**.**PV(13%,1,0,$1000)****â†’**becomes**Output:**($884.96)**Explanation: $889.96**is the**present value**for year**1**. Here,**the PV function**takes the**cash flow**as cash outflow or cash you pay out. As a result, the present value becomes**negative**. Therefore, in cell**D5**, the negative value appears with a**red color**.

- After that, press
**ENTER**.

Therefore, you can see the result in cell **D5**.

- Furthermore, we will
**drag down**the formula with the**Fill Handle tool**.

As a result, you can see in the cells** D5:D9**, the present value for each year.

Moreover, we have to calculate the total **present value**. To do so we will use **the Sum function**.

- Afterward, we will type the following formula in cell
**C12**.

`=-SUM(D5:D9)`

Here, **the Sum function **adds the cells from **D5** to **D9**.

Here, the present values in the cells **D5:D9 **are negative. As a result, we use a** negative sign** (**â€“**) before **the SUM function** so that the total **present value** of the cash flows becomes positive.

- At this point, press
**ENTER**.

As a result, in cell **C12** you can see the **Present Value**.

## Practice Section

You can download the above** Excel **file to practice the explained methods.

## Conclusion

Here, we tried to show you** 3 methods **to calculate the **present value of uneven cash flows in Excel**. Thank you for reading this article, we hope this was helpful. If you have any queries or suggestions, please let us know in the comment section below. Please visit our website **Exceldemy** to explore more.