How to Use AVEDEV Function in Excel (2 Suitable Examples)

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Excel has one of the best usages in statistics. Average Deviation is an important term in statistics that can be directly measured in Excel with the AVEDEV function. In this article, we will discuss and show you some examples of the AVEDEV function in Excel.

Use of AVEDEV Function in Excel

Introduction to AVEDEV Function in Excel

The AVEDEV function stands for Average Deviation. That means it will calculate the average deviation from a bunch of data. In any data set, deviations between numerical values are common. The average deviation gives the idea of how close those data are in the given range.

Syntax of Excel AVEDEV function


The syntax of AVEDEV function is below:



AVEDEV function can have up to 255 arguments at max. But there should be at least 1 argument. The first argument is defined by number1 in the formula. The rest of the arguments are not mandatory. They are represented as [number2], [number3], [number4] and so on. It’s mandatory. All the arguments can be discrete numbers, names, arrays or other cell references that contain numeric values.

number1 Required Any numeric value.
[number2],[number3],… Optional Next numeric values. These are optional.

Return Value:

Returns a numeric value that represents the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean. If there is no difference between any of the data, meaning all the data has the same numeric value, the AVEDEV function will return 0.

Available In:

The AVEDEV function is available from Excel 2003 to all later versions. But the Excel 2003 version has only 30 arguments while the later versions have 255.

Using the AVEDEV Function in Excel: 2 Simple Examples

Here are the two different examples that show the different uses of the AVEDEV function in Excel. The examples are explained below.

Example 1: Basic Use of AVEDEV Function

In this example, we will use data ranges as arguments to get the average deviation. The steps are below.

🔶 Steps:

  • At first, we will need a data set where we can use the AVEDEV function. Below, we attached a sample dataset that can be used. Here, we have the salary of an employee over time. We want to find the average deviation of his/her Salary.

Monthly Salary data of a company for the years 2020, 2021 and 2022

  • Next, we will click on the cell where we want the average deviation. In our case, the cell is D19.

selecing an Excel cell

  • Then, write the following formula in the cell and click Enter.

Basic use of AVEDEV function

  • Finally, we will get the result like the following.

Average Deviation result

Example 2: Use of AVEDEV Function to Find Average Deviation of Discrete Data

In this example, we will use discrete data to find the average deviation for the small data set below.

sample discrete data

The steps are below.

🔶 Steps:

  • First, select the destination cell. In our case the cell is C11.

selecting an Excel cell

  • Next, we will directly write the AVEDEV function with the data one by one like the following formula.

Applying AVEDEV Function to find Average Deviation of Discrete Data

  • Then, press Enter to get the result.

Average Deviation of Discrete data

Things to Remember

  • For AVEDEV function to work, all the input arguments must be numerical values.
  • If all the inputs carry the same numeric value, the function will return 0.
  • Again, the number of arguments is bound to 255. For Excel 2003 the number is 30.
  • Lastly, if input arguments carry units, the AVEDEV function will take that into account and change accordingly.

Download Practice Workbook

Download the following workbook that we used to write this article so that you can practice along with it while reading the article.


That is all the necessary information and applications that you need to know about the AVEDEV function in Excel. If you’re still having trouble with any of these examples or have any queries about the function, let us know in the comments. Our team is ready to answer all of your questions.

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Nasir Muhammad Munim
Nasir Muhammad Munim

Nasir Muhammad Munim has been an Excel and VBA Content Developer for over a year in Exceldemy and published more than 30 articles for the website. He is passionate about exploring new aspects of Excel and VBA. He received his Bachelor of Science in Electrical and Electronic Engineering from the Islamic University of Technology. Apart from creating Excel tutorials, he is interested in developing PostgreSQL, MySQL, and Android applications. He is fascinated by CAD-based designing systems and building... Read Full Bio

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