If you want to be a power user of MS Excel, you must master the most useful Excel formulas of Excel. To be frank, it is not an easy task for all as the functions are a lot in numbers.

*One trick can help you!*

**Let me share the trick** that I used and still use to master the formulas: I used to revise 5-10 Excel formulas every day before start working anything with Excel. This revision makes a permanent image of the formulas in my brain. Then wherever I see the name of an Excel formula, I can quickly remember its syntax and uses. This helps me a lot while I am trying to solve an Excel problem with formulas. You can use this trick to master anything complex, not only Excel formulas.

In this **Excel Formulas Tutorial**, I am sharing here the **most useful 102+ Excel formulas cheat sheet and downloadable free PDF. **You can download the PDF and print it to use it anywhere, but for personal use. You cannot use this PDF for any kind of commercial use.

**B. N.:** I did not include here the specialized formulas for Engineering, Statistical, Web, etc. uses.

## Download Excel Formulas Cheat Sheet PDF

Click on the button below to download the PDF with 102 Excel Functions. I have documented every Excel formula with its syntax and a good number of examples.

**Click here to download the PDF**

## Excel Formulas with Examples in an Excel Sheet (Free Download .xlsx File)

I have documented all the above Excel formulas in a single Excel sheet so that you can tweak the formulas to understand and practice better.

**Click here to download the .xlsx file**

## 102 Most Useful Excel Formulas with Examples

### A. IS FUNCTIONS

#### 1. ISBLANK

=ISBLANK(value)

If a cell is blank, it returns TRUE. If a cell is not blank, it returns FALSE.

#### 2. ISERR

=ISERR(value)

Checks whether a value is an error (#VALUE!, #REF!, #DIV/0!, #NUM!, #NAME?, or #NULL!) excluding #N/A, and returns TRUE or FALSE

#### 3. ISERROR

=ISERROR(value)

Checks whether a value is an error (#N/A, #VALUE!, #REF!, #DIV/0!, #NUM!, #NAME?, or #NULL!), and returns TRUE or FALSE

#### 4. ISEVEN

=ISEVEN(value)

Returns TRUE if the number is even

#### 5. ISODD

=ISODD(value)

Returns TRUE if the number is odd

#### 6. ISFORMULA

=ISFORMULA(value)

Checks whether a reference is to a cell containing a formula, and returns TRUE or FALSE

#### 7. ISLOGICAL

=ISLOGICAL(value)

Checks whether a value is a logical value (TRUE or FALSE), and returns TRUE or FALSE

#### 8. ISNA

=ISNA(value)

Checks whether a value is #N/A, and returns TRUE or FALSE

#### 9. ISNUMBER

=ISNUMBER(value)

Checks whether a value is a number, and returns TRUE or FALSE

#### 10. ISREF

=ISREF(value)

Checks whether a value is a reference, and returns TRUE or FALSE

#### 11. ISTEXT

=ISTEXT(value)

Checks whether a value is text, and returns TRUE or FALSE

#### 12. ISNONTEXT

=ISNONTEXT(value)

Checks whether a value is not text (blank cells are not text), and returns TRUE or FALSE

### B. CONDITIONAL FUNCTIONS

#### 13. AVERAGEIF

=AVERAGEIF(range, criteria, [average_range])

Finds average (arithmetic mean) for the cells specified by a given condition or criteria

#### 14. SUMIF

=SUMIF(range, criteria, [sum_range])

Adds the cells specified by a given condition or criteria

#### 15. COUNTIF

=COUNTIF(range, criteria)

Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given condition

#### 16. AVERAGEIFS

=AVERAGEIFS(average_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], …)

Finds average (arithmetic mean) for the cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria

#### 17. SUMIFS

=SUMIFS(sum_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], …)

Adds the cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria

#### 18. COUNTIFS

=COUNTIFS(criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], …)

Counts the number of cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria

#### 19. IF

=IF(logical_test, [value_if_true], [value_if_false]

Checks whether a condition is met, and returns one value if TRUE, and another value is FALSE

#### 20. IFERROR

=IFERROR(value, value_if_error)

Returns value_if_error if the expression is an error and the value of the expression itself otherwise

#### 21. IFNA

=IFNA(value, value_if_na)

Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression

### C. MATHEMATICAL FUNCTIONS

#### 22. SUM

=SUM(number1, [number2], [number3], [number4], …)

Adds all the numbers in a range of cells

#### 23. AVERAGE

=AVERAGE(number1, [number2], [number3], [number4], …)

Returns the average (arithmetic means) of its arguments, which can be numbers or names, arrays, or references that contain numbers

#### 24. AVERAGEA

=AVERAGEA(value1, [value2], [value3], [value4], …)

Returns the average (arithmetic means) of its arguments, evaluating text and FALSE in arguments as 0; TRUE evaluates as 1. Arguments can be numbers, names, arrays, or references.

#### 25. COUNT

=COUNT(value1, [value2], [value3], …)

Count the number of cells in a range that contain numbers

#### 26. COUNTA

=COUNTA(value1, [value2], [value3], …)

Counts the number of cells in a range that are not empty

#### 27. MEDIAN

=MEDIAN(number1, [number2], [number3], …)

Returns the median, or the number in the middle of the set of given numbers

#### 28. SUMPRODUCT

=SUMPRODUCT(array1, [array2], [array3], …)

Returns the sum of the products of corresponding ranges or arrays

#### 29. SUMSQ

=SUMSQ(number1, [number2], [number3], …)

Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments. The arguments can be numbers, arrays, names, or references to cells that contain numbers

#### 30. COUNTBLANK

=COUNTBLANK(range)

Counts the number of empty cells in a range

#### 31. EVEN

=EVEN(number)

Rounds a positive number up and negative number down to the nearest even integer

#### 32. ODD

=ODD(number)

Rounds a positive number up and negative number down to the nearest odd integer.

#### 33. INT

=INT(number)

Rounds a number down to the nearest integer

#### 34. LARGE

=LARGE(array, k)

Returns the k-th largest value in a data set. For example, the fifth-largest number

#### 35. SMALL

=SMALL(array, k)

Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set. For example, the fifth smallest number

#### 36. MAX & MAXA

=MAX(number1, [number2], [number3], [number4], …)

Returns the largest value in a set of values. Ignores logical values and text

=MAXA(value1, [value2], [value3], [value4], …)

Returns the largest value in a set of values. Do not ignore logical values and text. MAXA function evaluates TRUE as 1, FALSE as 0, and any Text value as 0. Empty cells are ignored

#### 37. MIN & MINA

=MIN(number1, [number2], [number3], [number4], …)

Returns the smallest number in a set of values. Ignores logical values and text

=MINA(value1, [value2], [value3], [value4], …)

Returns the smallest value in a set of values. Do not ignore logical values and text. MAXA function evaluates TRUE as 1, FALSE as 0, and any Text value as 0. Empty cells are ignored

#### 38. MOD

=MOD(number, divisor)

Returns the remainder after a number is divided by a divisor

#### 39. RAND

=RAND()

Returns a random number greater than or equal to 0 and less than 1, evenly distributed (changes on recalculation)

#### 40. RANDBETWEEN

=RANDBETWEEN(bottom, top)

Returns a random number between the numbers you specify

#### 41. SQRT

=SQRT(number)

Returns the square root of a number

#### 42. SUBTOTAL

=SUBTOTAL(function_num, ref1, [ref2], [ref3], …)

Returns a subtotal in a list or database

### D. FIND & SEARCH FUNCTIONS

#### 43. FIND

=FIND(find_text, within_text, [start_num])

Returns the starting position of one text string within another text string. FIND is case-sensitive

#### 44. SEARCH

=SEARCH(find_text, within_text, [start_num])

Returns the number of the character at which a specific character or text string is first found, reading left to right (not case-sensitive)

#### 45. SUBSTITUTE

=SUBSTITUTE(text, old_text, new_text, [instance_num])

Replaces existing text with new text in a text string

#### 46. REPLACE

=REPLACE(old_text, start_num, num_chars, new_text)

Replaces part of a text string with a different text string

### E. LOOKUP FUNCTIONS

#### 47. MATCH

=MATCH(lookup_value, lookup_array, [match_type])

Returns the relative position of an item in an array that matches a specified value in a specified order

#### 48. LOOKUP

=LOOKUP(lookup_value, lookup_vector, [result_vector])

Looks up a value either from a one-row or one-column range or from an array. Provided for backward compatibility

#### 49. HLOOKUP

=HLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, row_index_num, [range_lookup])

Looks for a value in the top row of a table or array of values and return the value in the same column from a row you specify

#### 50. VLOOKUP

=VLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num, [range_lookup])

Looks for a value in the leftmost column in a table, then return a value in the same row from a column you specify. By default, the table must be sorted in an ascending order

### F. REFERENCE FUNCTIONS

#### 51. ADDRESS

=ADDRESS(row_num, column_num, [abs_num], [a1], [sheet_text])

Creates a cell reference as text, given specified row and column numbers

#### 52. CHOOSE

=CHOOSE(index_num, value1, [value2], [value3], …)

Chooses a value or action to perform from a list of values, based on an index number

#### 53. INDEX

**Array Form:** =INDEX(array, row_num, [column_num])

Return the value of a specified cell or array of cells

**Reference Form:** =INDEX(reference, row_num, [column_num], [area_num])

Returns a reference to specified cells

#### 54. INDIRECT

=INDIRECT(ref_text, [a1])

Returns the reference specified by a text string

#### 55. OFFSET

=OFFSET(reference- rows, cols, [height], [width])

Returns a reference to a range that is a given number of rows and columns from a given reference

### G. DATE & TIME FUNCTIONS

#### 56. DATE

=DATE(year, month, day)

Returns the number that represents the date in Microsoft Excel date-time code

#### 57. DATEVALUE

=DATEVALUE(date_text)

Converts a date in the form of text to a number that represents the date in the Microsoft Excel date-time code

#### 58. TIME

=TIME(hour, minute, second)

Converts hours, minutes, and seconds given as numbers to an Excel serial number, formatted with a time format

#### 59. TIMEVALUE

=TIMEVALUE(time_text)

Converts a text time to an Excel serial number for a time, a number from 0 (12:00:00 AM) to 0.999988424 (11:59:59 PM). Format the number with a time format after entering the formula

#### 60. NOW

=NOW()

Returns the current date and time formatted as a date and time

#### 61. TODAY

=TODAY()

Returns the current date formatted as a date

#### 62. YEAR(), MONTH(), DAY(), HOUR(), MINUTE(), SECOND()

YEAR(), MONTH(), DAY(), HOUR(), MINUTE() and SECOND() Functions

All these functions take one argument: serial_number

#### 63. WEEKDAY

=WEEKDAY(serial_number, [return_type])

Returns a number from 1 to 7 identifying the day of the week from a date

#### 64. DAYS

=DAYS(end_date, start_date)

Returns the number of days between the two dates

#### 65. NETWORKDAYS

=NETWORKDAYS(start_date, end_date, [holidays])

Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates

#### 66. WORKDAY

=WORKDAY(start_date, days, [holidays])

Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays

### H. MISCELLANEOUS FUNCTIONS

#### 67. AREAS

=AREAS(reference)

Returns the number of areas in a reference. An area is a range of contiguous cells or a single cell

#### 68. CHAR

=CHAR(number)

Returns the character specified by the code number from the character set for your computer

#### 69. CODE

=CODE(text)

Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string, in the character set used by your computer

#### 70. CLEAN

=CLEAN(text)

Removes all non-printable characters from text. Examples of Non-Printable Characters are Tab, New Line characters. Their codes are 9 and 10.

#### 71. TRIM

=TRIM(text)

Removes all spaces from a text string except for single spaces between words

#### 72. LEN

=LEN(text)

Returns the number of characters in a text string

#### 73. COLUMN() & ROW() Functions

=COLUMN([reference])

Returns the column number of a reference

=ROW([reference])

Returns the row number of a reference

#### 74. EXACT

=EXACT(text1, text2)

Checks whether two text strings are exactly the same, and returns TRUE or FALSE. EXACT is case-sensitive

#### 75. FORMULATEXT

=FORMULATEXT(reference)

Returns a formula as a string

#### 76. LEFT(), RIGHT(), and MID() Functions

=LEFT(text, [num_chars])

Returns the specified number of characters from the start of a text string

=MID(text, start_num, num_chars)

Returns the characters from the middle of a text string, given a starting position and length

=RIGHT(text, [num_chars])

Returns the specified number of characters from the end of a text string

#### 77. LOWER(), PROPER(), and UPPER() Functions

=LOWER(text)

Converts all letters in a text string to lowercase

=PROPER(text)

Converts a text string to proper case; the first letter in each word in uppercase, and all other letters to lowercase

=UPPER(text)

Converts a text string to all uppercase letters

#### 78. REPT

=REPT(text, number_times)

Repeats text a given number of times. Use REPT to fill a cell with a number of instances of a text string

#### 79. SHEET

=SHEET([value])

Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet

#### 80. SHEETS

=SHEETS([reference])

Returns the number of sheets in a reference

#### 81. TRANSPOSE

=TRANSPOSE(array)

Converts a vertical range of cells to a horizontal range, or vice versa

#### 82. TYPE

=TYPE(value)

Returns an integer represnting the data type of a value: number = 1, text = 2; logical value = 4, error value = 16; array = 64

#### 83. VALUE

=VALUE(text)

Converts a text string that represents a number to a number

### I. RANK FUNCTIONS

#### 84. RANK

=RANK(number, ref, [order])

This function is available for compatibility with Excel 2007 and others.

Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers: its size relative to other values in the list

#### 85. RANK.AVG

=RANK.AVG(number, ref, [order])

Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers: its size relative to other values in the list; if more than one value has the same rank, the average rank is returned

#### 86. RANK.EQ

=RANK.EQ(number, ref, [order])

Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers: its size relative to other values in the list; if more than one value has the same rank, the top rank of that set of values is returned

### J. LOGICAL FUNCTIONS

#### 87. AND

=AND(logical1, [logical2], [logical3], [logical4], …)

Checks whether all arguments are TRUE, and returns TRUE when all arguments are TRUE

#### 88. NOT

=NOT(logical)

Changes FALSE to TRUE, or TRUE to FALSE

#### 89. OR

=OR(logical1, [logical2], [logical3], [logical4], …)

Checks whether any of the arguments is TRUE, and returns TRUE or FALSE. Returns FALSE only when all arguments are FALSE

#### 90. XOR

=XOR(logical1, [logical2], [logical3], …)

Returns a logical ‘Exclusive Or’ of all arguments

Thanks for reading our blog. Are this Excel functions list helpful? If you find this article helpful, share this with your friends and colleagues. Do you have any suggestions that can make this list better? Let us know in the comment box. Or email us at * [email protected]*.

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