My this tutorial will show you adding and subtracting in Excel in one formula.

Adding and subtracting are the two most common mathematical phenomenon that we do in our everyday life.

Table of Contents

- How do we subtract two numbers?
- Adding and subtracting in one Excel formula
- Adding and subtracting cell references in one formula
- Subtract multiple cells from one cell in Excel
- Using SUM function to add and subtract in one formula
- Adding and subtracting two columns in one formula
- Subtracting percentage in Excel
- How to decrease a number by a certain percentage?
- Related Readings
- Conclusion

## How do we subtract two numbers?

In Excel, you will not find any function called SUBTRACT that will perform the subtraction operation. You have to use the mathematical operator **minus sign (-)** to subtract two numbers.

*Note: But you get SUM function to add numbers or range of cells.*

Suppose, you want to subtract 50 from 500. Write a formula like the following:

500 – 50 = 450

So, a general formula to subtract one number from another is:

*Number1 – Number2*

## Adding and subtracting in one Excel formula

Addition and subtraction can be done in one mathematical expression like the following:

**100 – 50 + 30 – 20 + 10**

**How this expression will be evaluated?**

We can evaluate this expression in two ways:

**Way 1: Performing calculations from the left to right**

**100 – 50 + 30 – 20 + 10**

= 50 + 30 -20 + 10

= 80 – 20 + 10

= 60 + 10

= 70

**Way 2: Using Parenthesis**

**100 – 50 + 30 – 20 + 10**

= (100 + 30 + 10) – (50 + 20)

= 140 – 70

= 70

## Adding and subtracting cell references in one formula

Suppose you want to subtract cell B2 from cell A2. In the cell C2, write a formula with these steps:

- At first, select cell C2
- Input an equal sign (=)
- Now select the cell reference A2
- Now input a minus sign (-)
- Then select the cell reference B2
- Now press
**Enter**key on your keyboard. You will get the result.

## Subtract multiple cells from one cell in Excel

**Method 1: Using the minus (-) sign**

Suppose, in one cell (**B1**) you have entered your total **Budget** and in other cells (**B2:B7**), you have input your **expenses **(following image).

You can write a formula like the following one to find the **Savings**:

**=B1-B2-B3-B4-B5-B6-B7**

But there is also an easier way. Check out my 2^{nd} method.

**Method 2: Using Excel’s SUM Function**

In this method, at first, we have summed the cells of the range **B2:B7** using Excel’s **SUM** function.

**SUM(B2:B7)**

Then we have subtracted the sum value from the cell **B1**.

**B1- SUM(B2:B7)**

## Using SUM function to add and subtract in one formula

In mathematics, subtracting a number from another number is same as summing a positive and a negative number.

For example, 50 – 20 and 50 + (-20) are actually the same thing.

In Excel, we can use this concept to add and subtract in one formula. Check out the following image.

In this way, we have used only the SUM function for the range **B1:B7**.

## Adding and subtracting two columns in one formula

Suppose you want to add the cells of the ranges **B2:B7 **and **C2:C7 **and then subtract the sum of the 2^{nd} range from the first one. Here is the way (image below).

## Subtracting percentage in Excel

It is easy to subtract two percentages values in Excel like:

100%-30%

=70%

Or you can also subtract percentages using cell references:

*A2-B2; where A2 = 100% and B2 = 30%*

## How to decrease a number by a certain percentage?

Suppose, your income is now $5000 every month.

Due to a recession in your country, your employer has decreased salary by 30%.

**What is your income now?**

You have to subtract the decreased percentage from 1. Then multiply the result with your original income. You will get your decreased income.

$5000(1-30%)

= $5000(1-0.3)

= $5000 x 0.7

= $3500

## Related Readings

- How to apply same formula to multiple cells in Excel
- How to calculate salary increase percentage in Excel [Free Template]

## Conclusion

This is just a basic article on adding and subtracting. If you have any questions on this topic, let me know in the comment box.

I am trying to add and subtract across an Excel spreadsheet, ex. add cells B1, D1, F1 and then subtract the sum of cells C1, E1, G1. I thought I had it figured out, but . . . . this is what I came up with, but no go. I may be making this too hard! I can add columns, but can I not add across?

=SUM(B71,D71,F71,H71,J71,L71,N71,P71,R71)-SUM(C71,E71,G71,I71,K71,M71,O71,Q71,S71)