# How to Sum Range of Cells in Row Using Excel VBA (6 Easy Methods)

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We’re going to show you 6 easy methods of using Excel VBA to sum the range of cells in a row. To demonstrate our methods, we’ve picked a dataset with 3 columns: “Fruit”. “March Sale”, and “April Sale”. ## 6 Ways to Sum Range of Cells in a Row Using Excel VBA

### 1. Using FormulaR1C1 Property to Sum Range of Cells

In the first method, we’re going to use R1C1-style notation inside a With Statement to create a VBA code to sum the range of cells in rows. We’re going to show the Total Sale for each Fruit in column E. That means, E5 = C5 + D5 and so on. We’ll do this in all of the methods with different VBA codes. Steps:

• Firstly, press ALT + F11 to bring up the VBA Window.

Alternatively, you can do this from the Developer tab >>> select Visual Basic.

• Secondly, from Insert >>> select Module.

This will show the VBA Module window. We’ll type our code here. • Thirdly, type the following code in the VBA Module.
``````Sub SumInRow()
Dim x, rTotal As Range
Set x = Range("B5:D" & Range("B" & Rows.Count).End(xlUp).Row)
Set rTotal = x.Offset(, 3).Resize(x.Rows.Count, 1)
With rTotal
.FormulaR1C1 = "=SUM(RC[-2]:RC[-1])"
.Value = .Value
End With
End Sub``````

VBA Code Breakdown

• Firstly, we’re calling our Sub Procedure SumInRow.
• Secondly, we declare our variable types.
• Thirdly, we’re setting our cell range for sum operation.
• Finally, with the FormulaR1C1 property, we’re adding the row totals.
• Here, RC[-2] means 2 columns left, and RC[-1] means 1 column left.
• Basically, we’re telling E5 = C5 + D5 here. • Then, Save the code.
• After that, click anywhere inside the code.
• Finally, press the Run button. This will execute our code, and we’ll see the added values in column E. ### 2. Use of VBA Evaluate Function to Sum Range of Cells

In this method, we’re going to use the VBA Evaluate method to sum the range of cells in the rows. Moreover, we’ll use For Next Loop and manually type our data range in this code.

Steps:

``````Sub SumInRowEvaluate()
Dim x As Range
Set x = Range("C5:D10")
For y = 1 To x.Rows.Count
x.Rows(y).Cells(1, 3).Value = Evaluate("SUM(" & x.Rows(y).Address & ")")
Next y
End Sub``````

VBA Code Breakdown

• Firstly, we’re calling our Sub Procedure SumInRowEvaluate.
• Secondly, declaring our variable types.
• Thirdly, we’re setting our cell range for sum operation.
• Finally, with a For Next Loop, we’re adding the row totals. • Secondly, Save the Module and press the Run button. Note: This time, we didn’t click inside our code, hence, the Macros dialog box will appear.

• Finally, select “SumInRowEvaluate” and press Run. Thus, we’ll use VBA to sum the range of cells in rows. ### 3. Dynamic VBA Code to Find Output Location to Place Sum Automatically

In this section, we’ll not set our output location manually. We’re gonna use a dynamic code to look for our output cells. Here, we’ll use the “VBA Find method” to locate our output column.

Steps:

``````Sub SumInRowDynamic()
Dim x As Long, y As Long
x = Rows(4).Find("Total Sale", , , 1).Column - 2
y = Cells(Rows.Count, 2).End(xlUp).Row
With Range(Cells(5, x + 2), Cells(y, x + 2))
.Formula = "=SUM(RC[-" & x & "]:RC[-1])"
.Value = .Value
End With
End Sub``````

VBA Code Breakdown

• Firstly, we’re calling our Sub Procedure SumInRowDynamic.
• Secondly, we declare our variable types.
• Thirdly, we’re searching for our output column name “Total Sale” in the dataset using the VBA Find method.
• Then, we set our cell range for the sum operation.
• Finally, we’re finding the row totals inside the With Statement. • Secondly, Save the code.
• Thirdly, click anywhere inside the code.
• Finally, press the Run button. This will execute our code, and we’ll see the added values in E5:E10. Moreover, this is what the final step should look like. ### 4. Sum Rows Based on the Dynamic Range of Columns and display the Formula

In this fourth method, we’re going to display the SUM formula in the cells after we execute our code. Without further ado, let’s jump into the action.

Steps:

``````Sub SumRowShowFormula()
Dim x As Long
For x = 5 To Cells(Rows.Count, "B").End(xlUp).Row
Cells(x, "E").Formula = Replace("=sum(C@:D@)", "@", x)
Next
End Sub``````

VBA Code Breakdown

• Firstly, we’re calling our Sub Procedure SumRowShowFormula.
• Secondly, we declare our variable types.
• Thirdly, the numbers in our data start from row 5. Hence, we’ve put 5 in our code.
• Then, we find the last position of our row using the Range End property.
• After that, the VBA Sum function will add our values.
• Finally, we’re using the Range Replace method to show our formula in cells. • Secondly, Save the code.
• Thirdly, click anywhere inside the code.
• Finally, press the Run button. This will execute our code, and we’ll see the added values in E5:E10. Moreover, we can see the SUM function if we, select any of the cells from the output. ### 5. Inserting VBA WorksheetFunction.Sum

In this section, we’ll use the WorksheetFunction object to call the Excel SUM function to add the range of cells in the row.

Steps:

``````Sub SumRowWFunction()
Dim x As Long
For x = 5 To Cells(Rows.Count, "B").End(xlUp).Row
Cells(x, "E") = WorksheetFunction.Sum(Range("C" & x & ":D" & x))
Next
End Sub``````

VBA Code Breakdown

• Firstly, we’re calling our Sub Procedure SumRowWFunction.
• Secondly, we declare our variable types.
• Thirdly, the numbers in our data start from row 5. Hence, we’ve put 5 in our code.
• Then, we find the last position of our row using the Range End property.
• After that, the Worksheet Sum function will add our values. • Secondly, Save and close the Module.
• Thirdly, from the Developer tab >>> select Macros.

The Macro dialog box will appear.

• Select “SumRowWFunction” from the list.
• Finally, press the Run button. Thus, we’ve shown yet another code to add a range of cells in the row. ### 6. Find the Range of Cells to Sum in Row

For the last method, we need to define our starting row and use the Range Resize property. Everything else will be automatic in this code. Moreover, we’re fixing our Sheet name here.

Steps:

``````Sub SumInRowsDynamicRange2()
Dim wSheet As Worksheet
Dim x As Long
Dim y As Long
Application.ScreenUpdating = False
Set wSheet = Sheets("dynamic2")
x = wSheet.Cells.Find(What:="*", SearchOrder:=xlByRows, SearchDirection:=xlPrevious).Row
y = wSheet.Cells.Find(What:="*", SearchOrder:=xlByColumns, SearchDirection:=xlPrevious).Column
wSheet.Cells(5, y).Resize(x - 4).FormulaR1C1 = "=SUM(RC3:RC[-1])"
Application.ScreenUpdating = True
End Sub``````

VBA Code Breakdown

• Firstly, we’re calling our Sub Procedure SumInRowsDynamicRange2.
• Secondly, declaring our variable types.
• Thirdly, we’re setting our Sheet name “dynamic2”.
• After that, we’re finding our dataset range.
• Finally, we’re adding the values in rows. • Finally, Save the Module and Run it.

In conclusion, we’ve achieved our goal of a sum range of cells in the row. ## Practice Section

We’ve provided practice datasets in the Excel file. ## Conclusion

We’ve shown you methods using Excel VBA to sum a range of cells in a row. Thanks for reading, keep excelling!

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Tags: Rafiul Haq

Greetings! I am Rafiul, an experienced professional with an engineering degree and an MBA in finance. Data analysis is my passion, and I find Excel to be an invaluable tool in this domain. My goal is to simplify complex concepts by providing comprehensive and user-friendly guides on Excel and finance topics, aiming to enhance people's productivity and understanding at ExcelDemy.

1. Reply I understand the VBA code to sum a dynamic row but I am having problems converting it to sum a column and insert the formula so that the total changes if the numbers change. Is there an example of this anywhere? Thanks

• Reply Hello, EG Barber thank you for your question. You can use the following code and paste inside your sheet (right click on the sheet, select View Code and paste the code there) to get an automatic VBA sum feature.

``````Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
Dim our_cell_range As Range
Set our_cell_range = Range("C5:C10")
If Not Application.Intersect(our_cell_range, Range(Target.Address)) Is Nothing Then
Range("C11") = Application.WorksheetFunction.Sum(our_cell_range)
End If
End Sub``````

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