The VBA **And** function in Excel is a logical function that allows us to perform a conditional check between two or more conditions. It returns true if all the statements defined inside the function are correct. On the other hand, if one or more conditions are incorrect, it returns false. This VBA And function helps us to compare different conditions against each other to reach a decision.

**Table of Contents**Expand

**Introduction to the VBA And Function**

The And function is a built-in function in Excel. ** **

**Objective**: To perform a logical test between two or more conditions and return true only if all the conditions are true.

**Syntax**: [Condition 1] **And **[Condition 2] **And **[Condition 3] **And **……[Condition n]

**Arguments**: Conditions that can be expressed as a string or a number along with conditional operators.

**Using VBA And Function in Excel: ****4 Useful Examples**

To illustrate the use of the VBA **And** function, we’ll use the following dataset. The dataset contains test marks in Mathematics and Physics for 5 different students. A student gets passed if he/she has at least 40 or more numbers in both of the subjects. On the other hand, if the exam marks are less than 40 in one or both of the subjects, he/she will not pass. We are going to use the And function to assign the conditions to see whether a student has passed or failed.

Here cells** C6:C10 **and **D6:D10** contain marks for Mathematics and Physics respectively. And we stored our output in the column named ‘Result’ in cells **E6:E10**.

**1. ****Use of the VBA And Function in Excel to Test a Logic**

In this example, we used only the VBA **And** function with two conditions that return either **TRUE **or **FALSE **as output after checking the conditions for each of the students.

Follow the steps to execute our first code with the VBA** And** function.

**Steps:**

- Go to the
**Developer**Tab in the**Excel**Ribbon and click the**Visual Basic Tab.**

- Now from the
**Visual Basic Editor**choose the**Module**option from the**Insert tab**to add a**new module**.

- Finally, add the following code in the visual code editor and press
**F5**to run.

```
Sub Result()
Range("E6") = Range("C6") >= 40 And Range("D6") >= 40
End Sub
```

**Explanation**

We can see the output is **TRUE**. The above code checks the two marks 80 and 75 from cells C6 and D6 against the conditions of whether they are greater than or equal to 40 or not. As it appears that John has got more than 40 in both subjects, the conditions are true.

Let’s run the following code to check the conditions for the other students.

```
Sub Result()
Range("E6") = Range("C6") >= 40 And Range("D6") >= 40
Range("E7") = Range("C7") >= 40 And Range("D7") >= 40
Range("E8") = Range("C8") >= 40 And Range("D8") >= 40
Range("E9") = Range("C9") >= 40 And Range("D9") >= 40
Range("E10") = Range("C10") >= 40 And Range("D10") >= 40
End Sub
```

The result is shown in the screenshot below.

**2. ****Try the VBA And Function With the IF Condition in Excel**

The use of the VBA And function with the** If…Then…Else** statement executes a group of statements depending on the conditions defined in the And function. In this example, we set the output as “Passed” for the students who passed both the conditions of getting at least 40 or more in both of the subjects and “Failed” otherwise.

** **Put the following code in the visual code editor to make this happen.

```
Sub Result()
If Range("C6") >= 40 And Range("D6") >= 40 Then
Range("E6").Value = "Passed"
Else
Range("E6").Value = "Failed"
End If
End Sub
```

** **

**Explanation**

In this code, the **If** statement checks the value of cells **C6** and **D6** and compares them with the conditions. The **Then** statement outputs “Passed” in cell **E6** in case both conditions are met. After that, we have the **Else** statement that prints the value “Failed” in cell **E6 **in case the **And** function returns false.

Running code for other students, we’ve got the final output.

**3. ****Run a For Loop With the VBA And Function**

We can also use the VBA** And** function within **l**oops to make decisions over a dataset by defining different conditions inside the **And** function. The use of **For…Next** statements allow us to loop through a range of data over some predefined conditions using the** And **function. As a result, we don’t need to apply code over each row of data to test logic. Rather, we just need to define the conditions and loop number based on the dataset.

Apply the following code.

```
Sub Result()
Dim n As Integer
For n = 6 To 10
Cells(n, 5).Value = Cells(n, 3) >= 40 And Cells(n, 4) >= 40
Next n
End Sub
```

**Explanation**

In the dataset, **rows 6** to** 10** contain the exam results data for five students. This is the reason; we assign the variable** n** to loop through data from rows **6** to** 10**. For example, **cells (n, 5).Value** stores the output in 5 different cells i.e. Cells with **(row, column)**=(**6,5), (7,5), (8,5), (9,5)** and **(10,5).** Again, the **Cells(n,3) **part gives the value of cells **C6:C10** which have row numbers 6 to 10, and column number 3.

**4. ****Example of Using the VBA And Function in Excel With the If Condition inside a For Loop **

In this example, we used both the **If…Then…Else** and **For..Next** statements along with the VBA** And** function. As a result, we can now set a group of statements (using **If…Then…Else)** depending on the conditions defined by the **And** function and execute that on a range of data by defining the loop number (using **For…Next)**. Here is the code below.

```
Sub Result()
Dim n As Integer
For n = 6 To 10
If Cells(n, 3) >= 40 And Cells(n, 4) >= 40 Then
Cells(n, 5).Value = "Passed"
Else
Cells(n, 5).Value = "Failed"
End If
Next n
End Sub
```

The following screenshot shows the output.

**Notes**

- In this article, we showed the use of the And function for two conditions but it can be used for n number of conditions to filter data more and more precisely.
- We can also use the
**MsgBox**function to show the VBA code result in a MsgBox if it isn’t necessary to store or use it in a cell.

For example, in the first method, we can use the following code to show the result in the MsgBox.

```
Sub Result()
MsgBox Range("C6") >= 40 And Range("D6") >= 40
End Sub
```

**Download Practice Workbook**

Download this practice workbook to exercise while you are reading this article.

**Conclusion**

Now, we know how to use the VBA** And** function in Excel. Hopefully, it will encourage you to use this function more confidently. Any questions or suggestions don’t forget to put them in the comment box below.