Opportunity Cost Calculator in Excel (3 Suitable Examples)

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One of the most helpful software you can use is Microsoft Excel. It is possible to do an endless number of things with a dataset by utilizing Excel‘s capabilities and tools. In this article, we’ll go over the steps necessary to create Opportunity Cost Calculator. Making decisions based on opportunity costs is essential to use resources effectively to maximize economic returns. In light of this, the following tutorial will focus on the step-by-step process of creating an Opportunity Cost Calculator in Excel.

opportunity cost calculator excel


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Please click on the link below this paragraph if you want a free copy of the sample workbook discussed in the presentation.


What Is Opportunity Cost?

Opportunity Cost is typically referred to as the value of the next-best choice and is also known as the Alternative Cost. In other words, the Opportunity Cost is a word used in economics to describe the worth of what you’ll need to sacrifice to pick another option. When deciding, you’ll factor in the Opportunity Cost and think about what you’ll give up. A key benefit of marginal utility is that it facilitates examining multiple options, enabling better decision-making.

  • Opportunity Cost

Opportunity Cost = The Sacrificed Made / The Gain Obtained

Opportunity Cost = Next Best Alternative Return – Chosen Option Return


3 Suitable Examples of Creating Opportunity Cost Calculator in Excel

Creating an Opportunity Cost Calculator in Excel can be difficult if we do not know the proper steps. This article will walk you through the five stages of creating an alternative cost calculator in Excel. We will use a typical formula suitable for the first example and calculate the opportunity cost. When choosing an Item Over Another, we will calculate opportunity costs throughout the first model. We generate a calculator for the Scenarios-based opportunity cost in the following demonstration. In the last rally, we will consider the profit from the monitor as the Next Best Alternative and the laptop profit as the Chosen Option. We will apply the second formula to calculate the opportunity cost of the monitor. Moreover, we will choose the item’s selling price in a Dynamic way. To quickly comprehend the technique, carefully follow these steps.

Notes

I have yet to say that I have been working with the Microsoft Excel 365 version for this post. Nevertheless, you are free to use any other edition that will provide you with the most significant amount of convenience.


1. Opportunity Cost Calculator When Choosing an Item Over Another

Step 1: Opportunity Cost Model Construction in Excel

The first and most crucial step is to construct an illustrative Data Model. Please follow the below directions to complete the assignment.

  • First, create three columns titled Product Name, Cost Price and Selling Price.
  • Second, make a section for the Maximum Quantity in the range F4:G6.
  • After that, generate an information box named Initial Capital in the field B8:C8.

Opportunity Cost Model Construction

  • Finally, build a portion for the Profit Returns and the Opportunity Cost.

Building the profit and the opportunity cost section


Step 2: Fill Out the Data Model with the Necessary Information

We will enter the necessary data into the data model to determine the Opportunity Cost. To complete the assignment, please follow the instructions provided below.

  • First, input the name in the Product Name column and then fill out the Price columns.
  • Afterwards, type the same name in the Quantity table and insert the Initial Capital.

Fill Out the Data Model with the Necessary Information


Step 3: Round the Highest Amount of Quantity Using the INT Function

Here, we’ll use the INT function to round off the most significant quantity we can produce from the Initial Capital.

  • Pick the G5 cell to start.
  • Second, type the equation shown below into the Formula bar.

=INT($C$8/C5)

  • Drag the AutoFill Handle icon to the G6 cell.

Round the highest amount using the INT function


Step 4: Calculation of Opportunity Cost Using the Formula

Throughout this last section, we will apply some basic formulas and calculate the Opportunity Cost. Please follow these directions to the letter to complete the assignment.

  • Start by picking the D12 cell.
  • Second, type into the Formula bar the equation shown below.

=(D5-C5)*G5

  • Later, move the AutoFill icon to D13.

Determining the Profit returns from the items

  • Then, choose the G13 cell.
  • In the end, type into the Formula bar the equation shown below.

=D12-D13

  • The last step is to press Enter or Tab.

Calculation of Opportunity Cost Using the Formula


2. Scenarios-Based Opportunity Cost Calculator in Excel

Step 1: Build a Date Model to Calculate Opportunity Cost

The first and foremost step is to create a Data Model for illustration purposes. This article will consider a model consisting of three tables and an information box. The first table will introduce the products and prices, and the following describes the sacrifice and gains quantities. Lastly, another table will display the Opportunity Cost. To accomplish the work, please follow the instructions below.

  • First, create two columns titled Product Name and Cost Price in the B4:C6 range.
  • Second, build a table consisting of three columns named Scenarios, Monitor and Laptop in the E4:G8 field.
  • After that, in the B8:C8 range, generate an information box called Initial Capital.

Build a Date Model to Calculate Opportunity Cost in Excel

  • Last, we will take another two columns for Marginal Flow and Opportunity Cost throughout the B10:C14 range.

The Table will contain the Opportunity Cost in Excel

Read More: How to Calculate Unit Price in Excel (3 Quick Methods)


Step 2: Input the Required Information in Data-model for Marginal Cost Calculator

At this stage, we will input the intended information in the data model to calculate the Opportunity Cost. Here, we will sacrifice Monitor Quantities and gain Laptop Quantities. To finish the assignment, please follow the guidelines that are listed below.

  • First, input the Product Name, in this case, Monitor and Laptop.
  • Second, write the Cost Price for the items.
  • After that, set the Initial Capital to $9000.

Input Essential Data in Data-model for Marginal Cost Calculator

  • At this point, we will fill up the Scenarios column and have four cases.
  • Later, put the values for the Marginal Flow column.

Inserting required Data in the Scenarios and Marginal Flow columns

  • Next, insert the down-ward quantities in the Monitor column.
  • Likewise, type upward quantities in the Laptop column.

Input down-wards quantities for Monitor and up-wards quantities for Laptop

Read More: How to Calculate Selling Price from Cost and Margin in Excel


Similar Readings


Step 3: Insert Excel VBA Code to Determine Opportunity Cost

In this context, we will insert VBA code to calculate the Opportunity Cost utilizing the Monitor and Laptop columns. Here, we will declare four procedures for each scenario. Please be sure to follow the instructions outlined below to complete the job.

  • Firstly, navigate to the Developer tab.
  • Second, choose the Visual Basic icon.

Going to the Developer tab followed by the Visual Basic icon to Insert Excel VBA Code

  • After that, click on

InsertModule

Utilizing the Insert tab followed by the Module option

  • Input the following code in the Module box.
Sub Case1_OpportunityCost()
    Range("C11").Select
    ActiveCell.FormulaR1C1 = _
        "=IFERROR((R[-7]C[3]-R[-6]C[3])/(R[-6]C[4]-R[-7]C[4]),""-"")"
End Sub
Sub Case1toCase2_OpportunityCost()
    Range("C12").Select
    ActiveCell.FormulaR1C1 = _
        "=IFERROR((R[-7]C[3]-R[-6]C[3])/(R[-6]C[4]-R[-7]C[4]),""-"")"
End Sub
Sub Case2toCase3_OpportunityCost()
    Range("C13").Select
    ActiveCell.FormulaR1C1 = _
        "=IFERROR((R[-7]C[3]-R[-6]C[3])/(R[-6]C[4]-R[-7]C[4]),""-"")"
End Sub
Sub Case3toCase4_OpportunityCost()
    Range("C14").Select
    ActiveCell.FormulaR1C1 = _
        "=IFERROR((R[-7]C[3]-R[-6]C[3])/(R[-6]C[4]-R[-7]C[4]),""-"")"
End Sub
  • Later, press  Ctrl + S  or tap the Save icon with the Macro Enabled (xlsm) extension.

After inserting the code, save the file with the macro-enabled extension

Read More: How to Use Cost Benefit Analysis Calculator in Excel


Step 4: Generate Buttons for Suboptimality Cost Calculator

To keep the calculation of Opportunity Cost automatic, we will generate four buttons and assign previously created macros. To finish the work, make sure to adhere to the directions provided below.

  • First of all, go to the Developer tab.
  • Secondly, from the Controls group, click on the Insert symbol.

Navigating the Developer tab and clicking the Insert icon to Generate Buttons

  • After that, choose the Button icon from the Form Controls section.

choosing the button icon from the Form Controls

  • Now, draw a button for Case-1.
  • Subsequently, the Assign Macro window will appear.
  • Presently, choose Case1_OpportunityCost, and hit OK.

selecting the intended sub-procedure from the Assign Macro window

  • Latterly, name the button Calculate.
  • Due to this, our desired button will look like the below one.

A button to calculate Opportunity Cost for Case-1

  • Similarly, draw another button for Case-1 to Case-2 marginal flow.
  • Later, assign the Case1toCase2_OpportunityCost procedure and click OK.

choosing the required macro for Case-1 to Case-2 marginal flow

  • Make a second button representing the transition from Case-2 to Case-3 marginal flow.
  • Assign the Case2toCase3_OpportunityCost process, and then press the OK.

choosing the required macro for Case-2 to Case-3 marginal flow

  • Draw the last button for Case-3 to Case-4 marginal flow.
  • Next, click OK after assigning the Case3toCase4_OpportunityCost sub-method.

choosing the required macro for Case-3 to Case-4 marginal flow

  • At this stage, our Opportunity Cost Calculator will look like the below one.

The buttons are placed right beside the cells to calculate opportunity costs

Read More: How to Calculate Production Cost in Excel (3 Effective Ways)


Step 5: Display and Test the Opportunity Cost Calculator in Excel

Lastly, we will display the calculator and click the Calculate buttons to determine the Opportunity Cost for each Marginal Flow. To successfully do the task, it is imperative that you carefully follow the directions provided below.

  • To begin, click the first button to calculate Case-1.

Testing the first button, whether working or not

  • Due to this, we will get an outcome like the below one.

The output generated from the macro responsible for the button

  • After that, press all the following buttons to display the Opportunity Cost.

Display and Test Opportunity Cost Calculator in Excel

Read More: How to Create an Inventory Cost Carrying Calculator in Excel


3. Calculate Opportunity Cost With Dynamic Selling Price in Excel

Step 1: Create a Data Model for Opportunity Cost Analysis

Making a Data Model for demonstration purposes is the first and most crucial step. Here, we’ll look at a sample layout with four elements: two tables and two boxes with supplementary data. Please use the following guidelines to complete the task.

  • First, make a table containing the Product Name and Cost Price column in B4:C6.
  • Second, take another section for the Maximum Quantity in the range E4:F6.
  • After that, create an information box titled Initial Capital.

Creating Data Model for Cost Price and Maximum quantity

  • Next, take another information section for the Profit Returns and the Opportunity Cost.

Information section for the Profit Returns and the Opportunity Cost


Step 2: Input Necessary Data into the Data Model

We will enter the necessary data into the data model to determine the Opportunity Cost.

  • First, input the intended price in the Cost Price column.
  • After that, put 9000 in the C8 cell.

Inserting the required data


Step 3: Utilize the INT function to Round the Maximum Quantity

In this subsection, we will calculate the maximum quantity of an item from the Initial Capital and apply the INT function to round the output.

  • To begin, select the F5 cell.
  • Second, insert the below equation in the Formula bar.

=INT($C$8/C5)

  • Later, drag the AutoFill Handle icon to F6.

Determining the Maximum quantity of items


Step 4: Opportunity Cost Calculation Running Excel VBA Code

Finally, we’ll execute the VBA code to calculate the alternative cost when selecting one item over another. Please follow the directions given below to complete the task.

  • First, navigate to the Developer tab and choose Visual Basic.

Navigating to the Developer tab

  • After that, click on

InsertModule

Click Insert followed by Module

  • Later, insert the following code in the Module box.
Sub CalculateOpportunityCost()
Dim NextBestAlternativeReturn As Double
Dim NextBestAlternativeCostPrice As Double
Dim ChosenOptionReturn As Double
Dim ChosenOptionCostPrice As Double
Dim nextBestReturnUnitPrice As Double
Dim nextBestReturnUnitQuantity As Double
Dim chosenReturnUnitPrice As Double
Dim chosenReturnUnitQuantity As Double
Dim opportunity_cost As Double
nextBestReturnUnitQuantity = Range("F5").Value
NextBestAlternativeCostPrice = Range("C5").Value
chosenReturnUnitQuantity = Range("F6").Value
ChosenOptionCostPrice = Range("C6").Value
nextBestReturnUnitPrice = InputBox("Enter the return of the next best alternative unit price:")
chosenReturnUnitPrice = InputBox("Enter the return of the chosen option unit price:")
NextBestAlternativeReturn = (nextBestReturnUnitPrice - NextBestAlternativeCostPrice) * nextBestReturnUnitQuantity
ChosenOptionReturn = (chosenReturnUnitPrice - ChosenOptionCostPrice) * chosenReturnUnitQuantity
Range("D12").Value = NextBestAlternativeReturn
Range("D13").Value = ChosenOptionReturn
End Sub
  • Next, press  F5  or click the Run icon.

Inserting the intended code in the Module box

  • Eventually, the Microsoft Excel window will appear.
  • Latterly, input the Next Best Alternative unit price and hit OK.

Microsoft Excel input box

  • Afterwards, insert the value of the Chosen Option unit price.
  • Later, hit OK from the Microsoft Excel input box.

Inserting the Chosen Option unit price in the input box

  • Consequently, we will see the Profit Returns in the range of D12:D13.
  • Then, pick cell F13.
  • In the end, type the equation shown below into the Formula bar.
=D12-D13
  • Pressing Enter or Tab is the last step.

Calculate Opportunity Cost With Dynamic Selling Price in Excel


Conclusion

You can create an Opportunity Cost Calculator in Excel by following the steps. The ExcelDemy website provides further articles with the comparable subject matter. Please provide any additional recommendations or enhanced techniques as you continue to use them. Remember to put your thoughts, questions, and instructions in the space provided.


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Lutfor Rahman Shimanto

Lutfor Rahman Shimanto

Hi there! I am Lutfor Rahman Shimanto. I have completed my graduation in Information Technology from Jahangirnagar University. Currently, I am working as a technical content writer at ExcelDemy. You will find all my articles on Microsoft Excel on this site. Outside of work, I enjoy Chess a lot. I am a founding member of the Jahangirnagar University Chess Club and an internationally rated chess player.

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